USD. Free Shipping Worldwide!
The Battle For Control Of Berlin - During Both The Battle Of Berlin Between The Third Reich's Twilight Armies And The Irresistible Forces Of The USSR, And The Grand Political Struggle Over The City In The Battle's Aftermath Between The Western Allies And The USSR That Ultimately Began The Cold War - As Recounted In Three Classic Cable Age Documentaries: 1) TIMEWATCH: THE BATTLE FOR BERLIN, Recounted By The Eminent Eyewitness BBC Journalist Sir Selwyn Charles Cornelius-Wheeler For The Time-Honored Timewatch Television Documentary Series Series (Color, 1985, 49 Minutes), 2) BATTLELINE: THE FALL OF BERLIN, A Compelling Episode Of Our 38 Part TV Documentary Series Featuring An Account From A Soldier From Each Side Of Every Battle (Black/White, 1963, 23 Minutes), And 3) THE EAGLE AND THE BEAR: DATELINE: 1945, BERLIN..., An Episode Of The Venerable Cold War History TV Series (Color, 1988, 24 Minutes), All Presented In The Highest DVD Quality MPG Video Format Of 9.1 MBPS As An Archival Quality All Regions Format DVD, MP4 Video Download Or USB Flash Drive! #BattleOfBerlin #Berlin #ColdWar #GeorgyZhukov #GeorgiZhukov #DwightDEisenhower #EasternFrontWWII #RedArmy #RedStar #WesternFrontWWII #EuropeanTheatreOfWWII #USSR #GreatPatrioticWar #WorldWarII #WWII #WW2 #WorldWarTwo #WorldWar2 #SecondWorldWar #SecondEuropeanWar #EuropeanCivilWar #DVD #VideoDownload #MP4 #USBFlashDrive
* 4/9/21: Updated With BATTLELINE: THE FALL OF BERLIN!
* 12/31/19: Updated And Upgraded: Updated With THE EAGLE AND THE BEAR, With All Remaining Video Newly Redigitized In High Quality 9 Mbps DVD Video For Improved Image And Audio Quality, And Upgraded From A Standard Format DVD To An Archival Quality Dual Layer Format DVD!
The Battle of Berlin, designated as the Berlin Strategic Offensive Operation by the Soviet Union, and also known as the Fall of Berlin, was one of the last major offensives of the European theatre of World War II. Following the Vistula-Oder Offensive of January-February 1945, the Red Army had temporarily halted on a line 60 km (37 mi) east of Berlin. On 9 March, Germany established its defence plan for the city with Operation Clausewitz. The first defensive preparations at the outskirts of Berlin were made on 20 March, under the newly appointed commander of Army Group Vistula, General Gotthard Heinrici. When the Soviet offensive resumed on 16 April, two Soviet fronts (army groups) attacked Berlin from the east and south, while a third overran German forces positioned north of Berlin. Before the main battle in Berlin commenced, the Red Army encircled the city after successful battles of the Seelow Heights and Halbe. On 20 April 1945, Hitler's birthday, the 1st Belorussian Front led by Marshal Georgy Zhukov, advancing from the east and north, started shelling Berlin's city centre, while Marshal Ivan Konev's 1st Ukrainian Front broke through Army Group Centre and advanced towards the southern suburbs of Berlin. On 23 April General Helmuth Weidling assumed command of the forces within Berlin. The garrison consisted of several depleted and disorganised Wehrmacht and Waffen-SS divisions, along with poorly trained Volkssturm and Hitler Youth members. Over the course of the next week, the Red Army gradually took the entire city. On April 30, Hitler committed suicide (with several of his officials also committing suicide shortly afterwards). The city's garrison surrendered on May 2 but fighting continued to the north-west, west, and south-west of the city until the end of the war in Europe on May 8 (May 9 in the Soviet Union) as some German units fought westward so that they could surrender to the Western Allies rather than to the Soviets. By war's end up to a third of Berlin had been destroyed by concerted Allied air raids, Soviet artillery, and street fighting. The so-called Stunde Null-zero hour-marked a new beginning for the city. Greater Berlin was divided into four sectors by the Allies under the London Protocol of 1944. The occupied sectors of Berlin were:the American sector (210.8 km2), consisting of the boroughs of Neukolln, Kreuzberg, Tempelhof, Schoneberg, Steglitz, and Zehlendorf; the British sector (165.5 km2), consisting of the boroughs of Tiergarten, Charlottenburg, Wilmersdorf, and Spandau; the French sector (110.8 km2), consisting of the boroughs of Wedding and Reinickendorf; and the Soviet sector (402.8 km2), consisting of the boroughs of Mitte, Prenzlauer Berg, Pankow, Weissensee, Friedrichshain, Lichtenberg, Treptow, and Kopenick. The Soviet victors of the Battle of Berlin immediately occupied all of Berlin. They handed the American, British and French sectors (later known as West Berlin) to the American and British Forces in July 1945: the French occupied their sector later. Berlin remained divided until reunification in 1990. The Soviets used the period from May 1945 to July 1945 to dismantle industry, transport and other facilities in West Berlin, including removing railway tracks, as reparations for German war damage in the Soviet Union. This practice continued in East Berlin and the Soviet occupation zone after 1945. Conditions were harsh, and hundreds of thousands of refugees from the east kept pouring in. Residents depended heavily on the black market for food and other necessities. Berlin's unique situation as a city half-controlled by Western forces in the middle of the Soviet Occupation Zone of Germany made it a natural focal point in the Cold War after 1947. Though the city was initially governed by a Four Power Allied Control Council with a leadership that rotated monthly, the Soviets withdrew from the council as east-west relations deteriorated and began governing their sector independently. The council continued to govern West Berlin, with the same rotating leadership policy, though now only involving France, the United Kingdom, and the United States. East Germany chose East Berlin as its capital when the country was formed out of the Soviet occupation zone in October 1949; however, this was rejected by Western allies, who continued to regard Berlin as an occupied city that was not legally part of any German state. In practice, the government of East Germany treated East Berlin as an integral part of the nation. Although half the size and population of West Berlin, it included most of the historic center. By the establishment of the Oder-Neisse line and the complete expulsion of the German inhabitants east of this line, Berlin lost its traditional hinterlands of Farther Pomerania and Lower Silesia. West Germany, formed on 23 May 1949 from the American, British, and French zones, had its seat of government and de facto capital in Bonn, although Berlin was symbolically named the de jure West German capital in West German Basic Law (Grundgesetz). West Berlin de jure remained under the rule of the Western Allies, but for most practical purposes was treated as a part of West Germany; however the residents did not hold West German passports.