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The Extraordinary Documentary That Resulted When Filmmaker Joseph Rochlitz's Quest To Learn How His Jewish Father Survived In An Italian Detention Camp In Occupied Yugoslavia During World War II Turned Into An Investigative Report On The Widespread Refusal By Italians To Surrender Jews In Their Territories To The German Death Camps! An Investigation Relying On Moving First-Hand Exclusive Interview Accounts By Italians And Jews Where Were Involved, Historical And Scholarly Research By Menahem Shelah Of Israel's Yad Vashem Holocaust Memorial Founded To Recognize Gentiles Who SaveD Jews From The Holocaust, As Well As The Investigative Research Of Filmmaker Rochlitz, Presented In The Highest DVD Quality MPG Video Format Of 9.1 MBPS As An Archival Quality All Regions Format DVD, MP4 Video Download Or USB Flash Drive! (Color, 1988, 1 Hour 20 Minutes.) #TheRighteousEnemy #RighteousEnemy #JosephRochlitz #MenahemShelah #YadVashem #Holocaust #TheHolocaust #HolocaustInItaly #TheHolocaustInItaly #JewsInItalyDuringWorldWarII #JewsInItalyDuringWWII #ResistanceToJewishPersecution #ResistanceToJewishPersecutionDuringWorldWarII #ResistanceToJewishPersecutionDuringWWII #MP4 #VideoDownload #DVD
The Holocaust In Italy was the persecution, deportation, and murder of Jews between 1943 and 1945 in the Italian Social Republic, the part of the Kingdom of Italy occupied by Nazi Germany after the Italian surrender on September 8, 1943, during World War II. The oppression of Italian Jews began in 1938 with the enactment of Racial Laws of segregation by the fascist regime of Benito Mussolini. Before the Italian surrender in 1943, however, Italy and the Italian occupation zones in Greece, France and Yugoslavia had been places of relative safety for local Jews and European Jewish refugees. This changed in September 1943, when German forces occupied the country, installed the puppet state of the Italian Social Republic and immediately began persecuting and deporting the Jews found there. Italy had a pre-war Jewish population of 40,000 but, through evacuation and refugees, this number increased during the war. Of the estimated 44,500 Jews living in Italy before September 1943, 7,680 were murdered during the Holocaust (mostly at Auschwitz), while nearly 37,000 survived. In this, the Italian police and Fascist militia played an integral role as the Germans' accessories. While most Italian concentration camps were police and transit camps, one camp, the Risiera di San Sabba in Trieste, was also an extermination camp. It is estimated that up to 5,000 political prisoners were murdered there. More than 10,000 political prisoners and 40,000-50,000 captured Italian soldiers were interned and killed overall.
Italian Righteous Among The Nations: As of 2018, 694 Italians have been recognised as Righteous Among the Nations, an honorific used by the State of Israel to describe non-Jews who risked their lives during the Holocaust to save Jews from extermination by the Nazis. The first Italians to be honoured in this fashion were Don Arrigo Beccari, Doctor Giuseppe Moreali and Ezio Giorgetti in 1964. Arguably the most famous of these is cyclist Gino Bartali, winner of the 1938 and 1948 Tour de France, who was honoured posthumously for his role in saving Italian Jews during the Holocaust in 2014, never having spoken about it during his lifetime.