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The Nuremberg Trials, The World's Holding Nazi Germany To Account Under International Law For Its Crimes Against Peace, Crimes Against Humanity And War Crimes Of The Second World War! Over 2 1/2 Hours Of World War II's Legal Reckoning In Europe, Presented As An MP4 Video Download Or Archival Quality All Regions Format DVD! #NurembergTrials #WarTrials #MilitaryTribunals #WarCrimes #WarAtrocities #WarCriminals #CrimesAgainstPeace #CrimesAgainstHumanity #HermannGoering #HermannGoring #RudolfHess #HansFrank #WilhelmFrick #AlfredJodl #ErnstKaltenbrunner #WilhelmKeitel #AlfredRosenberg #FritzSauckel #ArthurSeyssInquart #JuliusStreicher #JoachimVonRibbentrop #FranzVonPapen #GustavKrupp #HjalmarSchacht #AlbertSpeer #WaltherFunk #FritzSaucke #WilhelmKeitel #AlfredJodl #ErichRaeder #KarlDonitz #HansFritzsche #BaldurVonSchirach #ErnstKaltenbrunner #Atrocities #Holocaust #TheHolocaust #FinalSolution #Genocide #MassMurder #Endlosung #Murder #Extermination #Jews #Pogroms #JewishPogroms #ConcentrationsCamps #SS #Shutzstaffel #Nazism #Nazis #Racism #LondonCharter #NurembergCharter #EuropeanAdvistoryCommission #Law #InternationalLaw #ThirdReich #NaziGermany #UnitedKingdom #SovietUnion #USSR #USA #WorldWarII #WWII #WW2 #WorldWarTwo #WorldWar2 #SecondWorldWar #SecondEuropeanWar #EuropeanCivilWar #MP4 #VideoDownload #DVD
THE TWENTIETH CENTURY: TRIAL AT NUREMBERG (Black/White, 1957, 22 Minutes)
Walter Cronkite narrates this journey through the court proceedings that held the leaders of Nazi Germany to account for the horrors of the Holocaust under The Third Reich.
NUREMBERG (Black/White, 1947, 1 Hour 16 Minutes)
The US Army's official feature length documentary film on the Nuremberg Trials, chronicling the crimes against humanity committed by the Third Reich in general and the defendants in particular, their aftermath of death and destruction throughout Europe, and the progress and process of the trial prosecuted by the victorious Allies against the perpetrators of these horrific crimes.
THE NUREMBERG TRIALS (Black/White, 1946, 57 Minutes)
This dark Russian film, in its original dubbed English version, graphically illustrates in stark images and uncompromising narrative the terrible costs of the wars of conquest and genocide waged by Nazi Germany. It was released immediately after the conclusion of the 1946 Nuremberg Trials. Some sections on concentration camp horrors may be distressing to some viewers.
November 20, 1945: The Nuremberg War Crime Trials begins as 24 former leaders of Nazi Germany are charged with conspiracy to wage wars of aggression, crimes against peace, war crimes, and crimes against humanity. On August 8, 1945, The London Charter, also referred to as the Nuremberg Charter, the decree issued by the European Advisory Commission, set down the laws, rules and procedures by which the Nuremberg trials were to be conducted when it iss signed by France, the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union and the United States. The Charter of the International Military Tribunal - Annex to the Agreement for the prosecution and punishment of the major war criminals of the European Axis (usually referred to as the Nuremberg Charter or London Charter) stipulated that crimes of the European Axis Powers could be tried. Three categories of crimes were defined: crimes against peace, war crimes, and crimes against humanity. Article 8 of the charter also stated that holding an official position was no defense to war crimes. Obedience to orders could only be considered in mitigation of punishment if the Tribunal determined that justice so required. The criminal procedure used by the Tribunal was closer to civil law than to common law, with a trial before a panel of judges rather than a jury trial and with wide allowance for hearsay evidence. Defendants who were found guilty could appeal the verdict to the Allied Control Council. In addition, they would be permitted to present evidence in their defense and to cross-examine witnesses. The Charter was developed by the European Advisory Commission under the authority of the Moscow Declaration: Statement on Atrocities, which was agreed at the Moscow Conference (1943). It was drawn up in London, following the surrender of Germany on VE Day. It was drafted by Robert H. Jackson, Robert Falco, and Iona Nikitchenko of the European Advisory Commission and issued on 8 August 1945. The Charter and its definition of crimes against peace was also the basis of the Finnish law, approved by the Finnish parliament on 11 September 1945, that enabled the war-responsibility trials in Finland. The agreement enabled the prosecution and punishment of the major war criminals of the European Axis. The Agreement and Charter were subsequently ratified by 19 other Allied states. Some of the most famous Nazis - Adolf Hitler, Heinrich Himmler, and Joseph Goebbels - had committed suicide and therefore could not be tried. The prosecutors wanted to try representative leaders of German politics, economy, and military; and the Americans had a list of 70 names at the London Conference. Most of the defendants had surrendered to the United States Army. The defendants, most of whom were unrepentant, included former cabinet ministers: Franz von Papen (who had brought Hitler to power); Joachim von Ribbentrop (foreign minister), Wilhelm Frick (interior minister), and Alfred Rosenberg, minister for the occupied eastern territories. Also prosecuted were leaders of the German economy, such as Gustav Krupp (of the conglomerate Krupp AG), former Reichsbank president Hjalmar Schacht, and economic planners Albert Speer and Walther Funk, along with Speer's subordinate and head of the forced labor program program, Fritz Sauckel. The military leaders were Hermann Goring, Wilhelm Keitel, Alfred Jodl, Erich Raeder, and Karl Donitz. Also on trial were propagandists Julius Streicher and Hans Fritzsche; Rudolf Hess, Hitler's deputy who had flown to Britain in 1941; Hans Frank, governor-general of the General Governorate of Poland; Hitler Youth leader Baldur von Schirach; Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Reich Commissioner for the Netherlands; and Ernst Kaltenbrunner, the leader of Himmler's Reich Main Security Office. The verdict of the International Military Tribunal agreed with the prosecution that aggression was the gravest charge against the accused, stating in its judgement that because war in general is evil, "To initiate a war of aggression, therefore, is not only an international crime; it is the supreme international crime differing only from other war crimes in that it contains within itself the accumulated evil of the whole." The judgment found that there was a premeditated conspiracy to commit crimes against peace, the goals of the conspiracy being "the disruption of the European order as it had existed since the Treaty of Versailles" and "the creation of a Greater Germany beyond the frontiers of 1914". Four organizations were ruled to be criminal: the Leadership Corps of the Nazi Party, the SS, the Gestapo, and the SD, although some lower ranks and subgroups were excluded. The exact sentences to be given each defendant were debated at length by the judges. Twelve of the defendants were sentenced to death (Goring, Ribbentrop, Keitel, Kaltenbrunner, Rosenberg, Frank, Frick, Streicher, Sauckel, Jodl, Seyss-Inquart, and Bormann). On 16 October, ten were hanged, with Goring committing suicide the day before. Seven defendants (Hess, Funk, Raeder, Donitz, Schirach, Speer, and Neurath) were sent to Spandau Prison to serve their sentences. All three acquittals (Papen, Schacht, and Fritzsche) were based on a deadlock between the judges; these acquittals surprised observers. Despite being accused of the same crimes, Sauckel was sentenced to death, while Speer was given a prison sentence because the judges considered that he could reform. Nikichenko released a dissent approved by Moscow that rejected all the acquittals, called for a death sentence for Hess, and convicted all the organizations. The judges proved their independence from the governments that appointed them, the defendants were seen as receiving due process, and the evidence of guilt amassed by the prosecution was overwhelming.