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Nazi Germany's Wide-Ranging And Pioneering Arsenel Of Missile Weapons Systems During The Second World War, Including: The Rheintochter (Rhine Daughter) Surface-To-Air (SAM) Missile; Rheinbote (Rhine Messenger) Short Range Multi-Stage Rocket (At 3,800 MPH The Fastest Machine Yet Devised); Henschel Hs 293 Radio Controlled Glide Bomb; Henschel Hs 298 Air-To-Air Missile; Ruhrstahl X-4 (Ruhrstahl Ru 344 X-4, Ruhrstahl-Kramer RK 344) Wire-Guided Air-To-Air Missile; Henschel Hs 117 Schmetterling (Butterfly) Radio-Guided Surface-To-Air Missile; The Nebelwerfer 41 And Nebelwerfer 42 Rockets Of The Nebelwerfer (Smoke Mortar) Rocket Launcher Family; Argus As 014 Pulsejet Flying Bomb System; Messerschmitt Enzian Surface-To-Air Anti-Aircraft Missile; And Of Course The Infamous V-1 And V-2 Vengeance Weapons, All Presented In The Highest DVD Quality MPG Video Format Of 9.1 MBPS As An Archival Quality All Regions Format DVD Or MP4 Video Download! (Color, 1992, 49 Minutes) #MissilesOfNaziGermany #WorldWarIIMissiles #NaziMissiles #MissilesOfTheThirdReich #Rheintochter #Rheinbote #MultiStageRockets #FastestMachines #HenschelHs293 #HenschelHs298 #RuhrstahlX4 #RuhrstahlRu344X4 #RuhrstahlKramerRK344 #HenschelHs117 #Schmetterling #Nebelwerfer41 #Nebelwerfer42 #Nebelwerfer #ArgusAs014 #Enzian #MesserschmittEnzian #Messerschmitt #VWeapons #VengeanceWeapons #Wunderwaffen #V1 #Buzzbombs #V2 #Peenemunde #BallisticMissiles #RobotBombs #Rocketry #HistoryOfRockets #HistoryOfRocketry #WorldWarII #WWII #WW2 #WorldWarTwo #WorldWar2 #SecondWorldWar #EuropeanTheatreOfWorldWarII #EuropeanTheatreOfWWII #SecondEuropeanWar #EuropeanCivilWar #WernherVonBraun #Germany #NaziGermany #SecretWeapons #SecretWeaponsWWII #CruiseMissiles #SAMs #SurfaceToAirMissiles #AirToAirMissiles #GuidedMissiles #WireGuidedMissiles #RadioControlledMissiles #Missiles #Pulsejets #NaziMilitaryArsenal #SurfaceToAirMissilesOfGermany #WorldWarIISurfaceToAirMissilesOfGermany #WWIISurfaceToAirMissilesOfGermany #SurfaceToAirMissilesOfNaziGermany #AirToAirMissilesOfGermany #WorldWarIIAirToAirMissilesOfGermany #WWIIAirToAirMissilesOfGermany #AirToAirMissilesOfNaziGermany #GuidedMissilesOfGermany #WorldWarIIGuidedMissilesOfGermany #WWIIGuidedMissilesOfGermany #GuidedMissilesOfNaziGermany #Rockets #Science #Technology #DVD #MP4 #VideoDownload
The first missiles to be used operationally in battle were a series of missiles developed by Nazi Germany in World War II. Most famous of these are the V-1 flying bomb and V-2 rocket, both of which used a mechanical autopilot to keep the missile flying along a pre-chosen route. Less well known but highly significant despite being smaller in numbers were a series of anti-Ship and anti-aircraft missiles, typically based on a simple radio control (command guidance) system directed by the operator. At the start of World War II, the British had equipped their warships with unrotated projectile unguided anti-aircraft rockets, and by 1940, the Germans had developed a surface-to-surface multiple rocket launcher, the Nebelwerfer, and the Soviets already had introduced the RS-132 air-to-ground rocket. All of these rockets were developed for a variety of roles, notably the Katyusha rocket. During the Second World War, Major-General Dornberger was the military head of the army's rocket program, Zanssen became the commandant of the Peenemunde army rocket center, and von Braun was the technical director of the ballistic missile program. They led the team that built the Aggregat-4 (A-4) rocket, which became the first vehicle to reach outer space during its test flight program in 1942 and 1943. By 1943, Germany began mass-producing the A-4 as the Vergeltungswaffe 2 ("Vengeance Weapon" 2, or more commonly, V2), a ballistic missile with a 320-kilometer (200 mi) range carrying a 1,130-kilogram (2,490 lb) warhead at 4,000 kilometers per hour (2,500 mph). Its supersonic speed meant there was no defense against it, and radar detection provided little warning. Germany used the weapon to bombard southern England and parts of Allied-liberated western Europe from 1944 until 1945. After the war, the V-2 became the basis of early American and Soviet rocket designs. In 1943, production of the V-2 rocket began in Germany. It had an operational range of 300 km (190 mi) and carried a 1,000 kg (2,200 lb) warhead, with an amatol explosive charge. It normally achieved an operational maximum altitude of around 90 km (56 mi), but could achieve 206 km (128 mi) if launched vertically. The vehicle was similar to most modern rockets, with turbopumps, inertial guidance and many other features. Thousands were fired at various Allied nations, mainly Belgium, as well as England and France. While they could not be intercepted, their guidance system design and single conventional warhead meant that they were insufficiently accurate against military targets. A total of 2,754 people in England were killed, and 6,523 were wounded before the launch campaign was ended. There were also 20,000 deaths of slave labour during the construction of V-2s. While it did not significantly affect the course of the war, the V-2 provided a lethal demonstration of the potential for guided rockets as weapons. In parallel with the guided missile programme in Nazi Germany, rockets were also used on aircraft, either for assisting horizontal take-off (RATO), vertical take-off (Bachem Ba 349 "Natter") or for powering them (Me 163, etc.). During the war Germany also developed several guided and unguided air-to-air, ground-to-air and ground-to-ground missiles.
V-Weapons, known in original German as Vergeltungswaffen (German: "retaliatory weapons", "reprisal weapons", "vengeance weaons), were a particular set of long-range artillery weapons designed for strategic bombing during World War II, particularly Strategic bombing and/or aerial bombing of cities. They comprised the V-1, a pulsejet-powered cruise missile; the V-2, a liquid-fueled ballistic missile (often referred to as V1 and V2); and the V-3 cannon. All of these weapons were intended for use in a military campaign against Britain, though only the V-1 and V-2 were so used in a campaign conducted 1944-45. After the invasion of Europe by the Allies, these weapons were also employed against targets on the mainland of Europe, mainly France and Belgium. Strategic bombing with V-weapons killed approximately 18,000 people, mostly civilians. The cities of London, Antwerp and Liege were the main targets. They were part of the range of the so-called Wunderwaffen (superweapons, or "wonderweapons") of Nazi Germany.
A Missile in military terminology, also known as a Guided Missile or Guided Rocket, is a guided airborne ranged weapon capable of self-propelled flight usually by a jet engine or rocket motor. Missiles have five system components: targeting, guidance system, flight system, engine and warhead. Missiles come in types adapted for different purposes: surface-to-surface and air-to-surface missiles (ballistic, cruise, anti-ship, anti-tank, etc.), surface-to-air missiles (and anti-ballistic), air-to-air missiles, and anti-satellite weapons. Airborne explosive devices without propulsion are referred to as shells if fired by an artillery piece and bombs if dropped by an aircraft. Unguided jet-propelled missiles are usually described as rocket artillery. Historically, the word missile referred to any projectile that is thrown, shot or propelled towards a target; this usage is still recognized today.