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The Legendary Doolittle Raid, Also Known As The Tokyo Raid, The April 18, 1942 Air Bombing Raid By The United States On And About Tokyo In The Early Dark Days Of World War II, Movingly Recounted In 2 Documentaries: 1) THE TWENTIETH CENTURY WITH WALTER CRONKITE: THE DOOLITTLE RAID (Black And White, 1955, 23 Minutes), An Episode From The Landmark 1950s Television Series, And 2) COUNT ME IN: THE DOOLITTLE RAID (Color, 1990, 1 Hour 29 Minutes), A Comprehensive Documentary Analysis And Memoir Of Several American Airmen Survivors Of The Raid Appearing In This Documentary Produced As A Historical Document By The Airmen Memorial Museum -- All Presented In The Highest DVD Quality MPG Video Format Of 9.1 MBPS As An Archival Quality All Regions Format DVD, MP4 Video Download Or USB Flash Drive! #JimmyDoolittle #DoolittleRaid #TokyoRaid #MedalOfHonor #CongressionalMedalOfHonor #JamesHDoolittle #JamesDoolittle #AirRaid #StrategicBombing #Tokyo #Yokohama #Kobe #Nagoya #Japan #EmpireOfJapan #Honshu #JapanseHomeIslands #JapaneseArchipelago #USSHornet #CV8 #AircraftCarriers #Carriers #B25 #B25Mitchell #NorthAmericanB25Mitchell #ZhejiangJiangxiCampaign #China #RepublicOfChina #SovietUnion #PacifcWar #WorldWarII #WWII #WW2 #WorldWarTwo #WorldWar2 #SecondWorldWar #AviationPioneers #AviationInThePioneerEra #Aviation #AviationHistory #HistoryOfAviation #AirRaces #PacificWar #AsiaPacificWar #PacificOceanTheatreOfWWII #PacificOceanTheaterOfWWII #AsiaticPacificTheater #AirWarfareOfWorldWarII #AerialWarfare #AirWarfareOfWWII #StrategicBombingDuringWorldWarII #StrategicBombingDuringWWII #AerialBombardment #AirStrikes #DVD #VideoDownload #MP4 #USBFlashDrive
April 18, 1942: The Doolittle Raid: The first air raid on mainland Japan during World War II occurred as Gen. Jimmy Doolittle led a squadron of B-25 bombers taking off from the carrier Hornet to bomb Tokyo, Yokohama, Kobe and Nagoya. The Doolittle Raid, also known as the Tokyo Raid, on Saturday, April 18, 1942, was an air raid by the United States on the Japanese capital Tokyo and other places on the island of Honshu during World War II, the first air operation to strike the Japanese Home Islands. It demonstrated that Japan proper was vulnerable to American air attack, served as retaliation for the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, and provided an important boost to American morale. The raid was planned and led by Lieutenant Colonel James "Jimmy" Doolittle of the United States Army Air Forces. Sixteen B-25B Mitchell medium bombers were launched without fighter escort from the U.S. Navy's aircraft carrier USS Hornet (CV-8) deep in the Western Pacific Ocean, each with a crew of five men. The plan called for them to bomb military targets in Japan, and to continue westward to land in China, as landing a medium bomber on Hornet was impossible. Fifteen aircraft reached China, but all crashed, while the 16th landed at Vladivostok in the Soviet Union. All but three of the 80 crew members initially survived the mission. Eight airmen were captured by the Japanese Army in China; three of those were later executed. The B-25 that landed in the Soviet Union was confiscated, with its crew interned for more than a year before being allowed to "escape" via Soviet-occupied Iran. Fourteen complete crews, except for one crewman who was killed in action, returned either to the United States or to American forces. After the raid, the Imperial Japanese Army conducted a massive sweep through the eastern coastal provinces of China, in an operation now known as the Zhejiang-Jiangxi campaign, searching for the surviving American airmen and inflicting retribution on the Chinese who aided them, in an effort to prevent this part of China from being used again for an attack on Japan. The raid caused negligible material damage to Japan, but it achieved its goal of raising American morale and casting doubt in Japan on the ability of its military leaders to defend their home islands. It also contributed to Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto's decision to attack Midway Island in the Central Pacific, an attack that turned into a decisive strategic defeat of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) by the U.S. Navy in the Battle of Midway. Doolittle, who initially believed that the loss of all his aircraft would lead to his court-martial, received the Medal of Honor and was promoted two ranks to brigadier general.
Jimmy Doolittle, American military general and aviation pioneer (d. September 27, 1993) was born James Harold Doolittle in Alameda, California. A famed air racer who won numerous awards and trophies, Doolittle's most important contribution to aeronautical technology was the development of instrument flying. Doolittle helped influence Shell Oil Company to produce the first quantities of 100 octane aviation gasoline. High octane fuel was crucial to the high-performance planes that were developed in the late 1930s, to the benefit of the air racing circuit but critically during World War II where it provided superior performance. A Reserve officer in the United States Army Air Corps, Doolittle was recalled to active duty during World War II. He was awarded the Medal of Honor for personal valor and leadership as commander of the Doolittle Raid, a bold long-range retaliatory air raid by a squadron of B-25 bombers launched from the aircraft carrier Hornet against the Japanese main islands, on 18 April 1942, four months after the Attack on Pearl Harbor. He was eventually promoted to lieutenant general and commanded the Twelfth Air Force over North Africa, the Fifteenth Air Force over the Mediterranean, and the Eighth Air Force over Europe.