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The Infamous 1938 Munich Peace Agreement That Doomed The State Of Czechoslovakia And Served As A Bitter Prelude To The Second World War, Presented In The Highest DVD Quality MPG Video Format Of 9.1 MBPS As An Archival Quality All Regions Format DVD, MP4 Video Download Or USB Flash Drive! (Color, 1988, 1 Hour 12 Minutes.) #MunichThePeaceOfPaper #MunichAgreement #MunichConference #MnichovskyDiktat #MunichBetrayal #MnichovskaZrada #SudetenCrisis #SudetenCrisisOf1938 #Sudetenland #Czechoslovakia #NaziGermany #Germany #UK #France #Italy #NevilleChamberlain #AdolfHitler #Hitler #BenitoMussolini #BetweenTheWars #InterwarPeriod #CausesOfWorldWarII #CausesOfWWII #EventsLeadingToWorldWarII #EventsLeadingToWWII #RoadToWorldWarII #RoadToWWII #RoadToWar #WorldWarII #WWII #WW2 #WorldWarTwo #WorldWar2 #SecondWorldWar #SecondEuropeanWar #EuropeanCivilWar #DVD #VideoDownload #MP4 #USBFlashDrive
The Munich Agreement (Czech: Mnichovska Dohoda; Slovak: Mnichovska Dohoda; German: Munchner Abkommen) was an agreement concluded at Munich on September 30, 1938, by Germany, the United Kingdom, the French Third Republic, and the Kingdom of Italy. It provided "cession to Germany of the Sudeten German territory" of Czechoslovakia, despite the existence of the 1924 alliance agreement and 1925 military pact between France and the Czechoslovak Republic, for which it is also known also as the Munich Betrayal (Czech: Mnichovska zrada; Slovak: Mnichovska zrada). Most of Europe celebrated the Munich agreement, which was presented as a way to prevent a major war on the continent. The four powers agreed to the annexation of the Czechoslovak borderland areas named the Sudetenland, where more than 3 million people, mainly ethnic Germans, lived. Hitler announced it was his last territorial claim in Europe. Germany had started a low-intensity undeclared war on Czechoslovakia on September 17, 1938. In reaction, the United Kingdom and France on September 20 formally asked Czechoslovakia to cede its territory to Germany, which was followed by Polish territorial demands brought on September 21 and Hungarian on September 22. Meanwhile, German forces conquered parts of Cheb District and Jesenik District and briefly overran, but were repelled from, dozens of other border counties. Poland also grouped its army units near its common border with Czechoslovakia and also instigated generally unsuccessful sabotage on September 23. Hungary also moved its troops towards the border with Czechoslovakia, without attacking. An emergency meeting of the main European powers - not including Czechoslovakia, although their representatives were present in the town, or the Soviet Union, an ally to both France and Czechoslovakia - took place in Munich, Germany, on September 29-30, 1938. An agreement was quickly reached on Hitler's terms, being signed by the leaders of Germany, France, Britain, and Italy. The Czechoslovak mountainous borderland that the powers offered to appease Germany had not only marked the natural border between the Czech state and the Germanic states since the early Middle Ages, but it also presented a major natural obstacle to any possible German attack. Having been strengthened by significant border fortifications, the Sudetenland was of absolute strategic importance to Czechoslovakia. On September 30, Czechoslovakia yielded to the combination of military pressure by Germany, Poland and Hungary, and diplomatic pressure by United Kingdom and France, and agreed to give up territory to Germany on Munich terms. Then, on October 1, Czechoslovakia also accepted Polish territorial demands. The Munich Agreement was soon followed by the First Vienna Award on November 2, 1938, separating largely Hungarian inhabited territories in southern Slovakia and southern Subcarpathian Rus' from Czechoslovakia while Poland also annexed territories from Czechoslovakia in the North. In March 1939, the First Slovak Republic proclaimed its independence, and shortly afterwards, by the creation of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Germany took full control of the remaining Czech parts, including its significant military arsenal that later played important role in Germany's invasions of Poland and France. As a result, Czechoslovakia had disappeared. Today, the Munich Agreement is widely regarded as a failed act of appeasement, and the term has become "a byword for the futility of appeasing expansionist totalitarian states".