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A Special December 7, 1991 Broadcast On The 50th Anniversary Of The Japanese Attack On Pearl Harbor That Critically Examines The Grooming Of The 124th Emperor Of Japan Hirohito ("Abundant Benevolence), Now Referred To Primarily By His Posthumous Name Emperor Showa ("Enlightened Peace/Harmony"), During His Formative Years, His Culpability For Japan's Imperial Expansion Into Manchuria, China And French Indochina, His Involvement In Starting The Asia Pacific War With The United States And The United Kingdom, His Escape From Prosecution After The War, And His Public Relations Transformation From Remote God Emperor To Personable Parliamentary Monarch Orchestrated By The Allied Powers, A Presentation Followed By A Panel Discussion Moderated By American Broadcast Journalist Robert Krulwich With The Program's British Writer And Presenter Edward Behr, Columbia University's American Professor Of Japanese History Carol Gluck, And University Of Chicago's Japanese Professor Of History Akira Iriye, All Presented In The Highest DVD Quality MPG Video Format Of 9.1 MBPS As An MP4 Video Download Or Archival Quality All Regions Format DVD! (Color, 1988, 1989 And 1991, 1 Hour 28 Minutes.)
Hirohito, 124th Emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession, reigning from December 25, 1926, until his death January 7, 1989, was born Michinomiya Hirohito at Togu Palace, Aoyama, Minato, Tokyo, Empire of Japan on April 29, 1901. Hirohito was succeeded by his eldest son, Akihito. In Japan, he is now referred to primarily by his posthumous name, Emperor Showa. The word Showa is the name of the era that corresponded with the Emperor's reign, and was made the Emperor's own name upon his death. The name Hirohito means "abundant benevolence". At the start of his reign, Japan was already one of the great powers - the ninth-largest economy in the world, the third-largest naval power, and one of the four permanent members of the council of the League of Nations. He was the head of state under the Constitution of the Empire of Japan during Japan's imperial expansion, militarization, and involvement in World War II, while the country was led by militarist Prime Minister Hideki Tojo. Following the dropping of two atomic bombs by the U.S., he made a radio address urging his people to stop fighting. After Japan's surrender, he remained as the symbolic head of state in Japan' new parliamentary government, and he was not prosecuted for war crimes as many other leading government figures were, and his degree of involvement in wartime decisions remains controversial. In 1946, he renounced his divinity and then pursued his interest in marine biology, becoming a recognized authority in the subject. During the post-war period, he became the symbol of the new state under the post-war constitution and Japan's recovery, and by the end of his reign, Japan had emerged as the world's second largest economy.