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“Colossal Military Disaster" Or ”Miracle Of Deliverance”? The Dunkirk Evacuation, Code-Named Operation Dynamo, And The Battle Of France Which Bookended It, Presented In The Highest DVD Quality MPG Video Format Of 9.1 MBPS As An Archival Quality All Regions Format DVD, MP4 Video Download Or USB Flash Drive! (Color, 1991, 53 Minutes.) #Dunkirk #Dunkirk #BattleOfDunkirk #BattleForFrance #BattleOfFrance #FallOfFrance #DunkirkEvacuation #MiracleOfDunkirk #OperationDynamo #SiegeOfLille #BatailleDeFrance #Westfeldzug #VictoryInTheWest #SiegImWesten #EuropeanTheaterOfWWII #EuropeanTheatreOfWWII #SecondEuropeanWar #EuropeanCivilWar #WesternFrontWWII #MilitaryHistoryOfTheUKDuringWWII #WorldWarII #WWII #WW2 #WorldWarTwo #WorldWar2 #SecondWorldWar #SecondEuropeanWar #EuropeanCivilWar #DVD #VideoDownload #MP4 #USBFlashDrive
The Battle Of Dunkirk: The Dunkirk Evacuation, code named Operation Dynamo and known as The Miracle of Dunkirk, began on May 26, 1940 in order to save the British Expeditionary Force trapped by advancing German armies on the northern coast of France. Boats and vessels of all shapes and sizes ferried 200,000 British and 140,000 French and Belgian soldiers across the English Channel by June 2. The operation commenced after large numbers of Belgian, British, and French troops were cut off and surrounded by German troops during the six-week long Battle of France. In a speech to the House of Commons, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill called this "a colossal military disaster", saying "the whole root and core and brain of the British Army" had been stranded at Dunkirk and seemed about to perish or be captured. In his "we shall fight on the beaches" speech on 4 June, he hailed their rescue as a "miracle of deliverance". After Nazi Germany invaded Poland in September 1939, France and the British Empire declared war on Germany and imposed an economic blockade. The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was sent to help defend France. After the Phoney War of October 1939 to April 1940, Germany invaded Belgium, the Netherlands, and France on 10 May 1940. Three of their panzer corps attacked through the Ardennes and drove northwest to the English Channel. By 21 May German forces had trapped the BEF, the remains of the Belgian forces, and three French field armies along the northern coast of France. Commander of the BEF, General Viscount Gort, immediately saw evacuation across the Channel as the best course of action, and began planning a withdrawal to Dunkirk, the closest good port. Late on 23 May, a halt order was issued by Generaloberst Gerd von Rundstedt, commander of Army Group A. Adolf Hitler approved the order the next day and had the German High Command send confirmation to the front. Destroying the trapped BEF, French, and Belgian armies was left to the Luftwaffe until the order was rescinded on 26 May. This gave trapped Allied forces time to construct defensive works and pull back large numbers of troops to fight the Battle of Dunkirk. From 28 to 31 May, in the Siege of Lille, the remaining 40,000 men of the once-formidable French First Army fought a delaying action against seven German divisions, including three armoured divisions. On the first day only 7,669 Allied soldiers were evacuated, but by the end of the eighth day, 338,226 of them had been rescued by a hastily assembled fleet of over 800 boats. Many troops were able to embark from the harbour's protective mole onto 39 British Royal Navy destroyers, four Royal Canadian Navy destroyers, and a variety of civilian merchant ships, while others had to wade out from the beaches, waiting for hours in shoulder-deep water. Some were ferried to the larger ships by what came to be known as the little ships of Dunkirk, a flotilla of hundreds of merchant marine boats, fishing boats, pleasure craft, yachts, and lifeboats called into service from Britain. The BEF lost 68,000 soldiers during the French campaign and had to abandon nearly all of its tanks, vehicles, and equipment. In his speech to the House of Commons on 4 June, Churchill reminded the country that "we must be very careful not to assign to this deliverance the attributes of a victory. Wars are not won by evacuations.".
The Battle Of France (May 10 - June 25, 1940, French: Bataille De France, German: Westfeldzug), also known as the Fall Of France, was the German invasion of France, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands during the Second World War. On September 3, 1939, France had declared war on Germany, following the German invasion of Poland. In early September 1939, France began the limited Saar Offensive. By mid-October, the French had withdrawn to their start lines. The Germans invaded Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands on May 10, Italy entered the war on June 10, and German forces defeated the Allies on June 25. 1940. France and the Low Countries were conquered, ending land operations on the Western Front until the Normandy landings on June 6, 1944. In Fall Gelb (Case Yellow), German armoured units made a surprise push through the Ardennes and then along the Somme valley, cutting off and surrounding the Allied units that had advanced into Belgium to meet the expected German invasion. British, Belgian and French forces were pushed back to the sea by the German armies and the British evacuated the British Expeditionary Force (BEF), French and Belgian troops from Dunkirk in Operation Dynamo. German forces began Fall Rot (Case Red) on June 5, 1940. The sixty remaining French divisions and the two British divisions in France made a determined stand on the Somme and Aisne but were defeated by the German combination of air superiority and armoured mobility. German tanks outflanked the Maginot Line and pushed deep into France, occupying Paris unopposed on June 14. After the flight of the French government and the collapse of the French Army, German commanders met with French officials on June 18 to negotiate an end to hostilities. On June 22, 1940, the Second Armistice at Compiegne was signed by France and Germany. The neutral Vichy government led by Marshal Philippe Petain superseded the Third Republic and Germany occupied the North Sea and Atlantic coasts of France and their hinterlands. The Italian invasion of France over the Alps took a small amount of ground and after the armistice, Italy occupied a small occupation zone in the south-east. The Vichy regime retained the unoccupied territory in the south (zone libre). In November 1942, the Germans and Italians occupied the zone under Fall Anton (Case Anton) until the Allied liberation in 1944.