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The Moving And Stirring Story Of The Unique Challenges Being Brought Up The Child Of A Holocaust Survivor Can Be, As Well As Those Of Children Whose Parents Were Complicit In The Third Reich's Oppression Of The Jews, Presented In The Highest DVD Quality MPG Video Format Of 9.1 MBPS As An Archival Quality All Regions Format DVD, MP4 Video Download Or USB Flash Drive! (Color, 1987, 58 Minutes.) #Holocaust #HolocaustSurvivors #ThirdReich #Pogroms #JewishPogroms #Children #NaziGermany #Jews #JewishPeople #WorldWarII #WWII #DVD
July 31, 1941: The Holocaust: Under instructions from Adolf Hitler, Nazi leader Hermann Goering orders SS General Reinhard Heydrich to "submit to me as soon as possible a general plan of the administrative material and financial measures necessary for carrying out the desired Final Solution of the Jewish question." The Final Solution (German: Endlosung), or the Final Solution to the Jewish Question (German: Die Endlosung Der Judenfrage) was a Nazi plan for the extermination of the Jews during World War II. The "Final Solution of the Jewish Question" was the official code name for the murder of all Jews within reach, which was not limited to the European continent. This policy of deliberate and systematic genocide starting across German-occupied Europe was formulated in procedural and geo-political terms by Nazi leadership in January 1942 at the Wannsee Conference near Berlin, and culminated in the Holocaust, which saw the killing of 90 percent of Jewish Poles, and two thirds of the Jewish population of Europe. The nature and timing of the decisions that led to the Final Solution is an intensely studied and debated aspect of the Holocaust. The program evolved during the first 25 months of war leading to the attempt at "murdering every last Jew in the German grasp". Most historians agree, wrote Christopher Browning, that the Final Solution cannot be attributed to a single decision made at one particular point in time. "It is generally accepted the decision-making process was prolonged and incremental." In 1940, following the Fall of France, Adolf Eichmann devised the Madagascar Plan to move Europe's Jewish population to the French colony, but the plan was abandoned for logistical reasons, mainly a naval blockade. There were also preliminary plans to deport Jews to Palestine and Siberia. In 1941, wrote Raul Hilberg, in the first phase of the mass murder of Jews, the mobile killing units began to pursue their victims across occupied eastern territories; in the second phase, stretching across all of German-occupied Europe, the Jewish victims were sent on death trains to centralized extermination camps built for the purpose of systematic implementation of the Final Solution. On July 31, 1941, under orders from Hitler, Goering ordered SS General Reinhard Heydrich to "submit to me as soon as possible a general plan of the administrative material and financial measures necessary for carrying out the desired Final Solution of the Jewish question." On December 12, 1941, Adolf Hitler declared the imminent extermination of the Jews to the highest-ranking officials of the Nazi Party assembled at that day's Reich Chancellery meeting. Almost all important party leaders were present to hear Hitler declare the ongoing destruction of the Jewish race, yet it remains less known than the later Wannsee Conference, which decided the details of the "final solution of the to the Jewish question". Attendance at this meeting was obligatory for Nazis in high party offices. No official list of the people who attended this meeting with Hitler exists, but out of the about 50 present, the leaders of Nazi Germany known to have been there were Heinrich Himmler, Joseph Goebbels, Martin Bormann, Hans Frank and Philipp Bouhler; Hermann Goering was not there, the second most powerful man in Germany and one of the original Nazi Party leaders, because at that time he did not hold a party office as he was commander-in-chief of the Luftwaffe. Goebbels wrote in his diary for that date: "Regarding the Jewish Question, the Fuehrer has decided to make a clean sweep. He prophesied to the Jews that, if they yet again brought about a world war, they would experience their own annihilation. That was not just a phrase. The world war is here, and the annihilation of the Jews must be the necessary consequence.". This meeting of Hitler' undermines claims that he was ignorant of the Holocaust, and that it was carried out by subordinates without his knowledge; rather, the Holocaust was the logical conclusion of his orders and intentions, spelled out in this meeting. On January 20, 1942, The Wannsee Conference was held in the Berlin suburb of Wannsee. The Wannsee Conference was a meeting of senior government officials of Nazi Germany and Schutzstaffel (SS) leaders, held in the Berlin suburb of Wannsee on 20 January 1942. The purpose of the conference, called by the director of the Reich Main Security Office SS-Obergruppenfuehrer Reinhard Heydrich, was to ensure the cooperation of administrative leaders of various government departments in the implementation of the so-called "Final Solution to the Jewish question" (German: Endlosung der Judenfrage), whereby most of the Jews of German-occupied Europe would be deported to Poland and murdered. Conference attendees included representatives from several government ministries, including state secretaries from the Foreign Office, the justice, interior, and state ministries, and representatives from the SS. In the course of the meeting, Heydrich outlined how European Jews would be rounded up and sent to extermination camps in the General Government (the occupied part of Poland), where they would be killed. Soon after the invasion of Poland in September 1939, the persecution of European Jewry was raised to unprecedented levels, but systematic killing of men, women and children only began in June 1941 after the onset of Operation Barbarossa against the Soviets. On 31 July 1941 Hermann Goering gave written authorization to Heydrich to prepare and submit a plan for a "total solution of the Jewish question" in territories under German control and to coordinate the participation of all involved government organisations. At Wannsee, Heydrich emphasized that once the mass deportation was complete, the SS would take complete charge of the exterminations. A secondary goal was to arrive at a definition of who was formally Jewish and thus determine the scope of the genocide. One copy of the Protocol with circulated minutes of the meeting survived the war. It was found by Robert Kempner in March 1947 among files that had been seized from the German Foreign Office. It was used as evidence in the Subsequent Nuremberg Trials. The Wannsee House, site of the conference, is now a Holocaust memorial.