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Black America On The Battlefield And On The Homefront During World War II! 6 Films Presented In The Highest DVD Quality MPG Video Format Of 9.1 MBPS As An Archival Quality All Regions Format DVD, MP4 Video Download Or USB Flash Drive! #WWIIFilms #WWIIFilmsSeries #AfricanAmericansAtWar #AfricanAmericans #GovernmentInformationFilms #AlliedPropagandaFilmsOfWorldWarII #AlliedPropagandaFilmsOfWWII #USGovernmentFilms #AfricanAmericanHistory #AfricanAmericanHeritage #BlackHeritage #BlackPeople #TuskegeeAirmen #99thPursuitSquadron #99thFighterSquadron #Avation #AviationHistory #HistoryOfAviation #HistoryOfAviation#AirWarfareOfWWII #WorldWarII #WWII #WW2 #WorldWarTwo #WorldWar2 #SecondWorldWar #DocumentaryFilms #Documentaries #Movies #Film #MotionPictures #DVD #VideoDownload #MP4 #USBFlashDrive
CLOSE HARMONY (Black/White, 1942, 10:35)
A film sponsored by General Motors where, in the midst of this attempt to show the positive need for good labor/management relations in America's burgeoning arms industry, resort is still had to the tired old alienating "step 'n fetch it" character black Americans & the American public both have had to put up with for generations.
FARMER HENRY BROWNE (Black/White, 1942, 10:40)
The U. S. Department of Agriculture shows how a black Georgian farmer does his part for the war, with his farm, his family and the service of his Tuskegee fighter pilot eldest son.
NEGRO COLLEGES IN WARTIME (Black/White, 1944, 8:19)
The U. S. Office of War Information's exposition of the teaching and training of Black Americans for war, science, industry, agriculture, husbandry, meteorology, medicine, engineering and technical trades at black colleges.
THE NEGRO SOLDIER (Black/White, 1943, 40:23)
The great film director Frank Capra's much acclaimed and respected recruitment film tailored to convince African Americans of the value the nation put upon their military service in the past and of the need the nation had of their good service in the second world war.
CARTOON COLLAGE (Color, 1942-1945, 9:00)
Includes Bugs, Elmer and Porky performing "Any Bonds Today"; Warner Brothers "Coal Black and de Sebben Dwarfs"
Military History Of African Americans: World War II: "We call upon the president and congress to declare war on Japan and racial prejudice in our country. Certainly we should be strong enough to whip them both." So read a letter to the The Pittsburgh Courier newspaper published December 13, 1941, which went on to ask why a "half American" should sacrifice his life in the war and suggested that Blacks should seek a double victory. "The first V for a victory over our enemies from without, the second V for a victory over our enemies from within." The idea would become a national cause, and eventually extend into a call for action in the factories and services that supported the war effort. Despite a high enlistment rate in the U.S. Army, African Americans were still not treated equally. At parades, church services, in transportation and canteens the races were kept separate. Despite these obstacles, many black American soldiers served their country with distinction during World War II. There were 125,000 African Americans who were overseas in World War II (6.25% of all abroad soldiers). Famous segregated units, such as the Tuskegee Airmen and 761st Tank Battalion and the lesser-known but equally distinguished 452nd Anti-Aircraft Artillery Battalion, proved their value in combat, leading to desegregation of all U.S. armed forces by order of President Harry S. Truman in July 1948 via Executive Order 9981. Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. served as commander of the Tuskegee Airmen during the war. He later went on to become the first African-American general in the United States Air Force. His father, Benjamin O. Davis, Sr., had been the first African-American brigadier general in the Army (1940). Doris Miller, a Navy mess attendant, was the first African-American recipient of the Navy Cross, awarded for his actions during the attack on Pearl Harbor. Miller had voluntarily manned an anti-aircraft gun and fired at the Japanese aircraft, despite having no prior training in the weapon's use. On April 14, 1943, Joseph C. Jenkins became the first African-American commissioned officer in the United States Coast Guard. He was joined first by Clarence Samuels on August 31, 1943, and then by Harvey C. Russell Jr. in February 1944. In March 1944, the Golden Thirteen became the Navy's first African-American commissioned officers. Samuel L. Gravely, Jr. became a commissioned officer the same year; he would later be the first African American to command a US warship, and the first to be an admiral. The Port Chicago disaster on July 17, 1944, was an explosion of about 2,000 tons of ammunition as it was being loaded onto ships by black Navy sailors under pressure from their white officers to hurry. The explosion in Northern California killed 320 military and civilian workers, most of them black. It led a month later to the Port Chicago Mutiny, the only case of a full military trial for mutiny in the history of the U.S. Navy against 50 African-American sailors who refused to continue loading ammunition under the same dangerous conditions. The trial was observed by the then young lawyer Thurgood Marshall and ended in conviction of all of the defendants. The trial was immediately and later criticized for not abiding by the applicable laws on mutiny, and it became influential in the discussion of desegregation. During World War II, African-American soldiers served in all fields of service. In the midst of the Battle of the Bulge in December 1944, General Eisenhower was severely short of replacement troops for existing all-white companies. Consequently, he made the decision to allow 2000 black servicemen volunteers to serve in segregated platoons under the command of white lieutenants to replenish these companies. These platoons would serve with distinction and, according to an Army survey in the summer of 1945, 84% were ranked "very well" and 16% were ranked "fairly well". No black platoon received a ranking of "poor" by those white officers or white soldiers that fought with them. These platoons were often subject to racist treatment by white military units in occupied Germany and were quickly sent back to their old segregated units after the end of hostilities in Germany. Despite their protests, these brave African-American soldiers ended the war in their old non-combat service units. Though largely forgotten after the war, the temporary experiment with black combat troops proved a success - a small, but important step toward permanent integration during the Korean War. A total of 708 African Americans were killed in combat during World War II. In 1945, Frederick C. Branch became the first African-American United States Marine Corps officer.