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World War I (World War One, World War 1), Originally Known As The Great War And The War To End All Wars, Variously Known As The First World War And The First European War Of The European Civil War, Often Abbreviated As WWI Or WW1, All Documented In This Comprehensive 20th Century Film And Video Record! Over 2 Hours Packed Into 16 Films Presented In The Highest DVD Quality MPG Video Format Of 9.1 MBPS As An Archival Quality All Regions Format DVD, MP4 Video Download Or USB Flash Drive! #WorldWarI #WorldWarOne #WorldWar1 #WWI #WW1 #FirstWorldWar #FirstEuropeanWar #WarToEndAllWars #TheWarToEndAllWars #TheGreatWar #EuropeanCivilWar #Documentaries #TVDocumentaries #DVD #VideoDownload #MP4 #USBFlashDrive
FIGHTING THE WAR (Black/White, 1916, Silent, 23 Minutes)
The Western Front in all its ingloriousness, via this Donald C. Thompson film short. Particular attention is paid to Verdun, the great battle there having been recently concluded, with footage both of the battle and its aftermath. Also documented are French pilots and their craft, both balloons and airplanes.
MEN IN CRISIS: HITLER VS HINDENBURG - CLIMB TO POWER (Black/White, 1964, 21 Minutes)
Edmund O'Brien narrates this fascinating and informative installment of the definitive "opponent vs opponent" documentary series which explores the struggle for power and domination over Germany between its doddering figurehead leader, General von Hindenburg, and the up and coming tyrant he dismissively referred to as "The Bohemian Corporal"..
BIOGRAPHY (CBS) - WOODROW WILSON (Black/White, 1962, 23 Minutes)
The original TV biography documentary series gives its usual standard-setting treatment to the American president who campaigned against, and later lead his nation into, involvement in the First World War, and who fought to keep the peace by helping to found The League of Nations.
THE LOG OF THE U-35 (Black/White, 1919, Silent, 23 Minutes)
An unparalleled historical film documenting the actual combat engagements of Germany's own U-35 "unterseaboot" ("U-Boat", or submarine) against commercial shipping as it plied its deadly trade all across the Mediterranean Sea.
SO THEY TELL ME (Black/White, 1917, Silent, 5:14)
Cartoon produced immediately after World War I which takes stabs at the likes of Eugene Debs, the renaming of popular foods with ethnic combatant nomenclature, arms shipments, Prohibition, Irish republicanism, the Kaiser, the Bolsheviks, Blue Laws, bathing suit taxes (!) & more.
GREAT AMERICAN DISASTERS: THE GREAT PLAGUE OF 1918 (Color, 1982, 26 Minutes)
The story of the inappropriately named Spanish Flu Pandemic, more properly known as The 1918 Flu Pandemic or The Great Influenza Epidemic, a terrible global catastrophe caused by the H1N1 influenza A virus, is here told in a series of reenactments, coupled with archival film footage and meaningful narrative by venerable journalist Eric Severeid, who himself almost died of the disease at the time, all of which starkly dramatizes the profoundly worrisome and potentially catastrophic dangers of the spread of the A/H1N1 virus worldwide.
THE SAN FRANCISCO IRON WORKERS STRIKE (Black/White, 1917, Silent, 6 Minutes)
And what a motley crew they are as they march disheveled and disorderly down the cobblestone streets of San Francisco. They're just as bad when they bust forth from the factory. Their esprit de corp picks up as they get well and duly agitated, as does their bodily cleanliness. Good shots of trolley cars too; too bad they destroyed one. Bad timing for a strike, and many would say bad form, given the fact that the Great War which America had just got involved in was going on.
UNITED RAILROAD EMPLOYEES STRIKE (Black/White, 1917, Silent, 2 Minutes)
A marching band leads the parade of disgruntled San Francisco laborers past a Coca Cola sign down a dirt road in less motley dress than their iron worker brethern wore in the prior newsreel short.
INDIVIDUAL NEWSREELS AND SHORTS (Black/White, 1917 And Earlier, Silent, 7 Minutes)
Various vignettes depicting the great & the good of the day:
Count von Bernstorff of Germany [German Ambassador to the U.S. (1908-1917)] | Czar Nicholas of Russia | Emperor Francis Joseph of Austria greeted by his people.mpeg Kaiser Wilhelm | Last known home of Czar Nicholas | Sarah Bernhardt addresses crowd in Prospect Park, Brooklyn, 1917 | Scenes of the British royal family | Vickers Vimy Rollout & Bomb Loading
World War I or The First World War, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Contemporaneously known as the Great War or "the war to end all wars", it led to the mobilisation of more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, making it one of the largest wars in history. It also was one of the deadliest conflicts in history, with an estimated 8.5 million combatant deaths and 13 million civilian deaths as a direct result of the war, while resulting genocides and the related 1918 Spanish flu pandemic caused another 17-100 million deaths worldwide, including an estimated 2.64 million Spanish flu deaths in Europe and as many as 675,000 Spanish flu deaths in the United States. On June 28, 1914, Gavrilo Princip, a Bosnian Serb Yugoslav nationalist and member of the Serbian Black Hand military society, assassinated the Austro-Hungarian heir Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo, leading to the July Crisis. In response, Austria-Hungary issued an ultimatum to Serbia on July 23. Serbia's reply failed to satisfy the Austrians, and the two moved to a war footing. A network of interlocking alliances enlarged the crisis from a bilateral issue in the Balkans to one involving most of Europe. By July 1914, the great powers of Europe were divided into two coalitions: the Triple Entente, consisting of France, Russia, and Britain; and the Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy. The Triple Alliance was only defensive in nature, allowing Italy to stay out of the war until April 1915, when it joined the Allied Powers after its relations with Austria-Hungary deteriorated. Russia felt it necessary to back Serbia, and approved partial mobilisation after Austria-Hungary shelled the Serbian capital of Belgrade, which was a few kilometres from the border, on July 28. Full Russian mobilisation was announced on the evening of July 30; the following day, Austria-Hungary and Germany did the same, while Germany demanded Russia demobilise within twelve hours. When Russia failed to comply, Germany declared war on Russia on August 1 in support of Austria-Hungary, the latter following suit on August 6; France ordered full mobilisation in support of Russia on August 2. In the end, World War I would see the continent of Europe split into two major opposing alliances; the Allied Powers, primarily composed of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, the United States, France, the Russian Empire, Italy, Japan, Portugal, and the many aforementioned Balkan States such as Serbia and Montenegro; and the Central Powers, primarily composed of the German Empire, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria. Germany's strategy for a war on two fronts against France and Russia was to rapidly concentrate the bulk of its army in the West to defeat France within 6 weeks, then shift forces to the East before Russia could fully mobilise; this was later known as the Schlieffen Plan. On August 2, Germany demanded free passage through Belgium, an essential element in achieving a quick victory over France. When this was refused, German forces invaded Belgium on August 3 and declared war on France the same day; the Belgian government invoked the 1839 Treaty of London and, in compliance with its obligations under this treaty, Britain declared war on Germany on August 4. On August 12, Britain and France also declared war on Austria-Hungary; on August 23, Japan sided with Britain, seizing German possessions in China and the Pacific. In November 1914, the Ottoman Empire entered the war on the side of Austria-Hungary and Germany, opening fronts in the Caucasus, Mesopotamia, and the Sinai Peninsula. The war was fought in (and drew upon) each power's colonial empire also, spreading the conflict to Africa and across the globe. The German advance into France was halted at the Battle of the Marne and by the end of 1914, the Western Front settled into a war of attrition, marked by a long series of trench lines that changed little until 1917 (the Eastern Front, by contrast, was marked by much greater exchanges of territory). In 1915, Italy joined the Allied Powers and opened a front in the Alps. Bulgaria joined the Central Powers in 1915 and Greece joined the Allies in 1917, expanding the war in the Balkans. The United States initially remained neutral, though even while neutral it became an important supplier of war materiel to the Allies. Eventually, after the sinking of American merchant ships by German submarines, the declaration by Germany that its navy would resume unrestricted attacks on neutral shipping, and the revelation that Germany was trying to incite Mexico to initiate war against the United States, the U.S. declared war on Germany on 6 April 1917. Trained American forces did not begin arriving at the front in large numbers until mid-1918, but the American Expeditionary Force ultimately reached some two million troops. Though Serbia was defeated in 1915, and Romania joined the Allied Powers in 1916, only to be defeated in 1917, none of the great powers were knocked out of the war until 1918. The 1917 February Revolution in Russia replaced the Monarchy with the Provisional Government, but continuing discontent with the cost of the war led to the October Revolution, the creation of the Soviet Socialist Republic, and the signing of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk by the new government in March 1918, ending Russia's involvement in the war. Germany now controlled much of eastern Europe and transferred large numbers of combat troops to the Western Front. Using new tactics, the German March 1918 Offensive was initially successful. The Allies fell back and held. The last of the German reserves were exhausted as 10,000 fresh American troops arrived every day. The Allies drove the Germans back in their Hundred Days Offensive, a continual series of attacks to which the Germans had no countermove. One by one, the Central Powers quit: first Bulgaria (September 29), then the Ottoman Empire (October 31) and the Austro-Hungarian Empire (November 3). With its allies defeated, revolution at home, and the military no longer willing to fight, Kaiser Wilhelm abdicated on 9 November and Germany signed an armistice on 11 November 1918, ending the war. World War I was a significant turning point in the political, cultural, economic, and social climate of the world. The war and its immediate aftermath sparked numerous revolutions and uprisings. The Big Four (Britain, France, the United States, and Italy) imposed their terms on the defeated powers in a series of treaties agreed at the 1919 Paris Peace Conference, the most well known being the Treaty of Versailles with Germany. Ultimately, as a result of the war, the Austro-Hungarian, German, Ottoman, and Russian Empires ceased to exist, and numerous new states were created from their remains. However, despite the conclusive Allied victory (and the creation of the League of Nations during the peace conference, intended to prevent future wars), a second world war followed just over twenty years later.
The Spanish Flu, more properly known as The 1918 Flu Pandemic or The Great Influenza Epidemic, was an exceptionally deadly global influenza pandemic caused by the H1N1 influenza A virus. After the earliest documented case in March 1918 in Kansas, United States, further cases recorded in France, Germany and the United Kingdom in April. Two years later, nearly a third of the global population, or an estimated 500 million people, had been infected in four successive waves. Estimates of deaths range from 17 million to 50 million, and possibly as high as 100 million, making it one of the deadliest pandemics in history. The pandemic broke out near the end of World War I, when wartime censors in the belligerent countries suppressed bad news to maintain morale, but newspapers freely reported the outbreak in neutral Spain, creating a false impression of Spain as the epicenter and leading to the "Spanish flu" misnomer. Limited historical epidemiological data make the pandemic's geographic origin indeterminate, with competing hypotheses on the initial spread. Most influenza outbreaks disproportionately kill the young and old, with a higher survival rate in-between, but this pandemic had unusually high mortality for young adults. Scientists offer several explanations for the high mortality, including a six-year climate anomaly affecting migration of disease vectors with increased likelihood of spread through bodies of water. The virus was particularly deadly because it triggered a cytokine storm, an sudden and extreme immune system response, ravaging the stronger immune system of young adults, although the viral infection was apparently no more aggressive than previous influenza strains. Malnourishment, overcrowded medical camps and hospitals, and poor hygiene, exacerbated by the war, promoted bacterial superinfection, killing most of the victims after a typically prolonged death bed. The 1918 Spanish flu was the first of three flu pandemics caused by H1N1 influenza A virus; the most recent one was the 2009 swine flu pandemic. The 1977 Russian flu was also caused by H1N1 virus.