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World War I: An Audio History MP3 Set CD, Audio Download, USB Drive

World War I: An Audio History MP3 Set CD, Audio Download, USB Drive
World War I: An Audio History MP3 Set CD, Audio Download, USB Drive
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The Actual Records, Cylinders, Speeches And Songs Listened To By A Nation Off To Fight The Great War! Over 12 Historic Hours Packed Into 271 MP3s Presented As An Archival Quality MP3 CD, MP3 Audio Download Or USB Flash Drive! #WorldWarIAnAudioHistory #TheGreatWar #WorldWarI #WorldWarOne #WorldWar1 #WWI #WW1 #FirstWorldWar #FirstEuropeanWar #WarToEndAllWars #TheWarToEndAllWars #TheGreatWar #EuropeanCivilWar #WesternFront #WesternFrontWorldWarI #WesternFrontWWI #MP3 #CD #AudioDownload #USBFlashDrive


Contents:


SPOKEN WORD:

1919 x02 Thomas A Edison - Let Us Not Forget (WWI speech)

Alfred von Tirpitz - German Government

Alfred von Tirpitz - Incites Sailors To Unrestricted U-Boat Warfare

Armistice Day Memorial Albert Hall 1927 - Cheer For Prince Edward

Armistice Day Memorial Albert Hall 1927 - Prince Edward Addresses Assembly

Arrival of British Troops in France 1916

Billy Murray - Down In The U-17

British Troops 1918 - Gas Shells Bombardment

Churchill191811-'WinTheGreatPeace'

Conrad von Hotzendorf - Military Order of the Day

Edison-AlliedContributionsToWWI

Emperor Franz Josef I - Endorsement of Austrian Widows & Orphans Fund

Emperor Franz Josef Sends Off Troops 1914

Emperor Karl I - Endorsement of Austrian Widows & Orphans Fund

Empire Builders - Armistice Day 301111

FDR Americanism 1920

Gen. Joseph Joffre - Greeting US Soldiers to France 1917

General Foch - Lafayette, Washington & Liberty 1917

German Christmas at the Front 1915

German Trench Scenes 1916 - Nach der Einnahme von Warschau

Greek Prime Minister Eleutherios Venizelos 1917 - The British Empire Against Germany

Hindenburg Commends Troops On Tannenberg Victory 1914

Italian CinC Armando Diaz 1918 - The End of the War Announcement

John D Rockefeller 1917 - Fundraising

Julius Salay - World War I Scenes 1916 Part 1

Julius Salay - World War I Scenes 1916 Part 2

Kaiser Wilhelm Exhorts Subjects To War 1914

Lady Margot Asquith 1918 - August 1914

Louise Kirkby-Lunn 1917 - Kipling's ''Have You News Of My Boy Jack''

Loyalty James Gerard Watson

Luigi Cadorna - Defeat at Caporetto

Major A E Rees - In The Trenches 1917

Samuel Gompers - Labor's Service To Freedom 1917

Sergeant E Dwyer VC - With Our Boys At The Front

U.S. Naval Secretary Josephus Daniels 1918 - The Navy Is Ready

U.S. Secretary of War Newton Baker 1919 - The League Of Nations

U.S. Treasury Secretary William Gibbs McAdoo 1917 (recorded 1918) - American Rights

US Ambassodor to Germany James Gerard Watson - Loyalty

US Gen. Jack Pershing -1918 From The Battlefield Of France

US Sec'y of War Newton Baker 1917 - At The Front

US Senate Whip James Hamilton Lewis 1917 - Call To America

Warren G Harding - Acceptance Speech

Warren G Harding 1917 - The Republic Must Awaken

Woodrow Wilson - Democracy


SONGS:

1889 x01 - Brass Band (Oldest known band recording) - 5th Regt March 1889

1890 001 - US Marine Band - Semper Fidelis 128 S (1.51)(short)

1890 002 - US Marine Band - Washington Post 160 JS (2.01)

1890 003 - US Marine Band - The Thunderer 128 S (2.20)

1894 012 - U.S. Marine Band - Manhattan Beach 128 S (2.27)

1895 003 - Sousa's Band - El Capitan March 128 JS (2.10)

1895 011 - Sousa's Band - Washington Post March 128 JS (2.02)

1895 x04 USMC Band - The Star Spangled Banner

1897 003 - Sousa's Band - The Stars And Stripes Forever (64 JS 2.07)

1897 x05 Edison Concert Band - Liberty Bell March

1898 x07 Columbia Orch - Charge of Roosevelt's Rough Riders

1898 x11 Frank Stanley - Just Before the Battle, Mother

1898 x18 Joseph P Cullen & Willian G Collins - Berkeley March

1899 x11 Ethel Jackson - The Soldiers in the Park Verses 3 & 4

1899 x12 Ethel Jackson - The Soldiers in the Park Verses 5 & 6

1899 x14 Issler's Popular Orch - Fifth Regiment March

1901 009 - Sousa's Band - The Stars And Stripes Forever 192 S (2.40)

1901 037 - Sousa's Band - American Patrol 96 M (3.05)

1901 051 Sousa's Band - The Invincible Eagle #4

1901 Harry McDonough - Goodbye Dolly Gray

1901 x33 USMC Fife & Drum Corps - The Star & Stripes Forever

1902 x08 Byron G Harlan - That Fifer of the Old Drum Corps

1903 043 - Sousa's Band - Jack Tar March 112 M (2.51)

1903 Shatrov - God Save the Tsar

1904 Billy Murray - Yankee Doodle Boy

1904 x32 Edison Q - Soldier's Farewell

1905 002 - Billy Murray - Yankee Doodle Boy 128 JS (2.11)

1905 095 - Frank Stanley & Byron G. Harlan - Soldier Boy 160 JS (2.34)

1905 103 - Frank Stanley & Byron G. Harlan - The Battle Cry Of Freedom 128 JS (2.52)

1905 x09 Billy Murray - Bunker Hill

1906 001 - Billy Murray - The Grand Old Rag (80 M 2.36)

1906 001 - Billy Murray - The Grand Old Rag (You're a Grand Old Flag) (Zon-o-Phone) 96 JS (2.51)

1906 058 - Arthur Collins & Byron Harlan - The Leader Of The German Band (128 JS 2.48)

1907 023 - U.S. Marine Band - Maple Leaf Rag 128 S (2.30)

1908 092 Billy Murray - Yankee Doodle's Come to Town (Cohan) #8

1908 099 Arthur Pryor's Band - Happy Days March #9

1908 x22 Billy Murray - The Lanky Yankee Boys in Blue

1909 024 - Sousa's Band - El Capitan March 128 JS (2.10)

1909 090 - Sousa's Band - Fairest Of The Fair March 128 JS (2.52)

1911 x04 George M Cohan - I Want to Hear a Yankee Doodle Tune

1912 American Quartet & Billy Murray - Oh, You Beautiful Doll

1912 Clara Butt - Land Of Hope And Glory

1912 Peter Dawson - Little Grey Home In The West

1914 American Quartet & Billy Murray - It's A Long Long Way

1914 Arthur Boyton - Are We Downhearted

1914 Collins & Harlan - Aba Daba Honeymoon

1914 Edna Thornton - Your King And Country Want You

1914 F Wheeler - Boys In Khaki, Boys In Blue

1914 Harry Marlow - When Tommy Comes Marching Home

1914 Helen Clark - Your King And Country Want You

1914 Henry Burr & Peerless Quartet - While They Were Dancing Around

1914 Jack Charman - Sister Susie's Sewing Shirts

1914 Jolly Jesters - The Battle That Wasn't

1914 Maggie Teyte - The Homes They Leave Behind

1914 Metropolitan Military Band - United Forces March

1914 Penrose And Whitlock - Potsdam

1914 Stanley Kirkby - We Didn't Want To Fight

1914 Violet Lorraine - Three Cheers For Little Belgium

1914 Whit Cunliffe - Hoch, Hoch Der Kaiser

1914 Whit Cunliffe - Tow The Row, Row

1915 001 - John McCormack - It's A Long, Long Way To Tipperary 80 M (3.09)

1915 006 - Peerless Quartet - I Didn't Raise My Boy To be A Soldier 80 M (2.59)

1915 008 - Morton Harvey - I Didn't Raise My Boy To Be A Soldier 80 M (2.59)

1915 021 - Harry MacDonough & Olive Kline - Auf Wiedersehen 112 M (3.16)

1915 040 - Bert Williams - I'm Neutral 64 M (3.02)

1915 054 - Cal Stewart - War Talk at Pun'kin Center 128 JS (3.08)

1915 064 - Al Jolson - Sister Susie's Sewing Shirts For Soldiers (256 S 3.08)

1915 070 - Irving Kaufman - We'll Build A Little Home In The U.S.A. 128 JS (4.20)

1915 075 Billy Murray - Sister Susie's Sewing Shirts for Solders #7

1915 078 - Margaret Woodrow Wilson - The Star-Spangled Banner 128 JS (3.20)

1915 092 - Albert Farrington - It's A Long, Long Way To Tipperary 112 M (3.51)

1915 Alfred Lester - A Concientious Objector

1915 Bert Williams - I'm Neutral Columbia 1915

1915 Billy Murray - Don't Bite The Hand That's Feeding You

1915 Black Diamonds Band - We All Went Marching Home

1915 F Wheeler - Here We Are, Here We Are Again

1915 Harry Champion - A Little Bit Of Cucumber

1915 Harry Champion - Doctor Shelley

1915 Harry Champion - My Old Iron Cross

1915 Jack Charman - Mademoiselle From Armentieres

1915 Lorraine And Thorne - When We've Wound Up

1915 Mark Sheridan - Belgium Put The Kibosh On The Kaiser

1915 Robert Carr - Laddie In Khaki

1915 Robert Carr - The Old Contemptibles

1915 Robert Carr - We Must All Fall In

1915 Royal Court Orchestra - Our Whistling Tommies

1915 Stanley Kirkby - Somewhere in France, Dear Mother

1916 014 - James F. Harrison - Keep The Home Fires Burning (Till The Boys Come Home) (80 M 2.41)

1916 015 - Prince's Orch. - The Star-Spangled Banner (80 M 3.27)

1916 017 - Columbia Mixed Double Quartet - America (80 M 3.06)

1916 047 Sam Ash - America I Love You #4

1916 065 American Q w B Murray - America, I Love You ^#5

1916 133 - Billy Murray - When I Get Back To The U.S.A. (128 JS 2.36)

1916 Fanning And Fortune - The Tanks That Broke The Ranks

1916 Gervase Elwes - In Summertime On Bredon

1916 Gus Harris - Sergeant Solomon Isaacstein

1916 Harry Cove - Marching Back to Blighty

1916 Kirby and Cove - When You're a Long Way From Home

1916 Marie Lloyd - Now You've Got The Khaki On

1916 Murray Johnson - Pack Up Your Troubles

1916 Stanley Kirkby - Till The Boys Come Home

1916 Tom Clare - Who Bashed Bill Kaiser

1916 Violet Lorraine and George Robey - If You Were The Only Girl In The World

1916 Walter Van Brunt - Don't Bite The Hand That's Feeding You

1916 William Thomas - The Rose Of No-Man's Land

1917 001 - American Quartet - Over There 80 M (2.54)

1917 007 - Nora Bayes - Over There 80 M (2.57)

1917 010 - John McCormack - The Star-Spangled Banner 80 M (2.45)

1917 011 - Peerless Quartet - Over There VBR

1917 013 - American Quartet - Good-Bye Broadway, Hello France 80 M (2.54)

1917 015 - Henry Burr - Joan Of Arc 128 JS (3.19)

1917 034 - Peerless Quartet - America, Here's My Boy 112 M (2.43)

1917 054 - Reinald Werrenrath - Pack Up Your Troubles In Your Old Kit Bag And Smile, Smile, Smile 80 M (3.11)

1917 059 - Peerless Quartet - For Your Country And My Country 128 JS (3.12)

1917 064 - Nora Bayes - (Goodbye, And Luck Be with You) Laddie Boy 160 JS (3.02)

1917 072 - Billy Murray - Over There 80 M (3.33)

1917 115 - American Quartet - Let's All be Americans Now 128 JS (2.57)

1917 130 Prince's Orch - For the Freedom of the World #9

1917 131 Shannon 4 - I May Be Gone for a Long, Long Time #9

1917 American Quartet & Billy Murray - Oh Johnny, Oh Johnny Oh

1917 Arthur Fields - Where Do We Go From Here

1917 Billy Murray - I'd Feel At Home If They'd Let Me Join the Army

1917 Billy Murray - Where Do We Go From Here

1917 Canti Alpini - Monte Canino

1917 Ernie Mayne - Farmyard On The Brain

1917 Ernie Mayne - Lloyd George's Beer

1917 Ernie Mayne - My Meatless Day

1917 Ernie Mayne - Sugar

1917 Florrie Forde - Never Mind The Food Controller

1917 Florrie Forde - Take Me Back To Dear Old Blighty

1917 Herbert Payne - Smoke Clouds

1917 J Phillips and Helen Clark - Don't Take My Darling Boy Away

1917 John McCormack - Keep The Home Fires Burning

1917 John McCormack - There's A Long, Long Trail A-Winding

1917 Maurice Burkhart - It's A Long Way To Berlin But We'll Get There

1917 Peerless Quartet - I Don't Know Where I'm Going

1917 Peerless Quartet - Liberty Bell (It's Time To Ring Me Again)

1917 Peter Dawson - A Bachelor Gay

1917 Vesta Tilley - I've A Bit Of A 'Blighty One'

1918 004 - Arthur Fields - Oh, How I Hate To Get Up In The Morning VBR

1918 005 - John McCormack - Send Me Away With A Smile (80 M 2.40)

1918 006 - Irving Kaufman - Hail! Hail! The Gang's All Here (80 M 3.02)

1918 009 - Enrico Caruso - Over There (80 JS 2.48)

1918 011 - Peerless Quartet - I Don't Know Where I'm Going But I'm On My Way (128 JS 2.18)

1918 014 - Columbia Stellar Quartet - The Battle Hymn Of The Republic (80 M 3.08)

1918 018 - Henry Burr - Somewhere In France Is The Lily (128 JS 3.37)

1918 020 - Arthur Fields - Oui, Oui, Marie 112 M (2.50)

1918 021 - Henry Burr-Albert Campbell - Your Lips Are No Man's Land (128k 3.06)

1918 036 - Peerless Quartet - We're Going Over (128 JS 2.35)

1918 037 - Sousa's Band - Liberty Loan March 112 M (3.13)

1918 043 Marion Harris - When Alexander Takes Ragtime Band to France #4

1918 045 - Lewis James - My Baby Boy (96 M 3.10)

1918 046 - Peerless Quartet - For Your Boy And My Boy (128 JS 3.07)

1918 047 - Peerless Quartet - I'm Gonna Pin My Medal on The Girl I Left Behind 112 M (3.16)

1918 055 - Percy Hemus - On the Road to Home Sweet Home #5

1918 074 - Peerless Quartet - I May Stay Away A Little Longer (128 JS 2.39)

1918 087 - Nora Bayes - The Man Who Put The Germ In Germany (160 JS 3.45)

1918 102 Charles Hart - Somewhere in France is a Lily #8

1918 105 - Peerless Quartet - Au Revoir But Not Good-Bye, Soldier Boy (128 JS 3.06)

1918 108 - Arthur Fields - Oh! Frenchy (80 M 3.06)

1918 123 - Henry Burr - Three Wonderful Letters from Home 112 M (3.18)

1918 123alt - Henry Burr - Three Wonderful Letters from Home (another version) 112 M (3.12)

1918 124 - Arthur Collins & Byron Harlan - When Uncle Joe Steps Into France (128 JS 2.51)

1918 126 Charles Hart & Shannon 4 - The Last Long Mile #9

1918 139 - Henry Burr & Elizabeth Spencer - I'm Going To Follow The Boys (128 JS 3.11)

1918 Al Jolson - Tell That To The Marines Columbia 1918

1918 American Quartet - You're A Grand Old Flag

1918 American Quartet & Billy Murray - The Yanks Are At It Again

1918 Arthur Fields - Good Morning Mr Zip-Zip-Zip

1918 Arthur Fields - Hunting the Hun

1918 Arthur Fields - The Yanks Started Yankin

1918 Arthur Fields - You Can't Beat Us

1918 Arthur Fields & Peerless Quartet - When I Send You a Picture Of London

1918 Billy Murray - K-K-K-Katy

1918 Courtland And Jeffries - Good Bye-ee

1918 Courtland And Jeffries - Oh, It's A Lovely War

1918 Eddie Cantor - Oh! How I Hate To Get Up In The Morning

1918 Ella Retford - They All Look Alike In Khaki

1918 Giovanni Martinelli - La Leggenda del Piave

1918 Harry Fay - How Ya Gonna Keep 'Em Down On The Farm

1918 Henry Burr - Hello Central! Give Me No Man's Land

1918 Henry Burr - Just A Baby's Prayer at Twilight

1918 Henry Burr - The Rose of No-Man's Land

1918 Inni della Patria - Canzone del Grappa

1918 Military Band - The Grand Peace Record

1918 Peerless Quartet - I'm Gonna Pin My Medal On The Girl I Left Behind

1918 Peerless Quartet - We'll Do Our Share (While You're Over There)

1918 Peerless Quartet - We Don't Want The Bacon

1918 Peerless Quartet & Henry Burr - Keep the Trench Fires Going For The Boys Out There

1918 Van & Schenck - I Don't Want To Get Well

1918 Vernon Dalhart and Gladys Price - Till We Meet Again

1918 x02 American Q w B Murray - Round Her Neck She Wears Yeller Ribbon

1918 x06 Golden & Heins - The Colored Recruits

1918 x07 Imperial Marimba Band - General Pershing March

1918 x08 Irving Berlin - Oh, How I Hate to Get Up in the Morning

1919 014 - Nora Bayes Feat. Charles Prince's Orchestra - How Ya Gonna Keep 'Em Down on The Farm 80 M (2.29)

1919 020 - Peerless Quartet - While You're Away (Pack Up Your Cares In A Bundle Of Joy) 128 JS (3.09)

1919 033 - Nora Bayes - Goodbye, France 128 JS (2.16)

1919 068 - Arthur Fields - Would You Rather be A Colonel with an Eagle on Your Shoulder or A Private with A Chicken on Your Knee 112 M (2.56)

1919 069 Billy Murray - And He'd Say Oo-La-La! Wee Wee! #6

1919 070 - Billy Murray - I've Got My Captain Working For Me Now 128 JS (3.25)

1919 085 - Arthur Fields - How Ya Gonna Keep 'Em Down on The Farm (After They've Seen Paree) (VBR 194 S 3.22)

1919 085 - How Ya Gonna Keep 'Em Do - Arthur Fields VBR

1919 110 Byron G Harlan &Jones - How Ya GonnaKeep'EmDnFarm#9

1919 112 John McCormack - Roses of Picardy VBR

1919 114 - Orpheus Quartet - When You Come Back, And You Will Come Back 112 M (3.08)

1919 115 - Peerless Quartet - Goodbye, France 128 JS (2.46)

1919 Ernest Pike - Roses Of Picardy

1919 Tom Clare - What Did You Do In The War, Daddy

1919 Vesta Tilley - Sidney's In Civvies Again

1920 Franklin Roosevelt - Americanism

1921 Frank Miller - Stony Broke In No Man's Land

1929 Roosters Concert Party - If You Want To Find The Sergeant Major

1930 Jolly Old Fellows - Oh, It's A Lovely War

1930 Jolly Old Fellows - Take Me Back To Dear Old Blighty

Faux British Artillery Fire WWI

The Bells Of Hell

Unknown - 19xx God Save the Tsar 1

Unknown - 19xx God Save the Tsar 2

Unknown - Across The Rhine

Unknown - For Your Country And My Country

Unknown - Hats Off To You, Mister Wilson

Unknown - I've Got My Captain Working For Me Now

Unknown - It's Time For Every Boy To Be A Soldier

Unknown - My Sweetheart Is Somewhere In France

Unknown - Send Me Away With A Smile


World War I or The First World War, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Contemporaneously known as the Great War or "the war to end all wars", it led to the mobilisation of more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, making it one of the largest wars in history. It also was one of the deadliest conflicts in history, with an estimated 8.5 million combatant deaths and 13 million civilian deaths as a direct result of the war, while resulting genocides and the related 1918 Spanish flu pandemic caused another 17-100 million deaths worldwide, including an estimated 2.64 million Spanish flu deaths in Europe and as many as 675,000 Spanish flu deaths in the United States. On June 28, 1914, Gavrilo Princip, a Bosnian Serb Yugoslav nationalist and member of the Serbian Black Hand military society, assassinated the Austro-Hungarian heir Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo, leading to the July Crisis. In response, Austria-Hungary issued an ultimatum to Serbia on July 23. Serbia's reply failed to satisfy the Austrians, and the two moved to a war footing. A network of interlocking alliances enlarged the crisis from a bilateral issue in the Balkans to one involving most of Europe. By July 1914, the great powers of Europe were divided into two coalitions: the Triple Entente, consisting of France, Russia, and Britain; and the Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy. The Triple Alliance was only defensive in nature, allowing Italy to stay out of the war until April 1915, when it joined the Allied Powers after its relations with Austria-Hungary deteriorated. Russia felt it necessary to back Serbia, and approved partial mobilisation after Austria-Hungary shelled the Serbian capital of Belgrade, which was a few kilometres from the border, on July 28. Full Russian mobilisation was announced on the evening of July 30; the following day, Austria-Hungary and Germany did the same, while Germany demanded Russia demobilise within twelve hours. When Russia failed to comply, Germany declared war on Russia on August 1 in support of Austria-Hungary, the latter following suit on August 6; France ordered full mobilisation in support of Russia on August 2. In the end, World War I would see the continent of Europe split into two major opposing alliances; the Allied Powers, primarily composed of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, the United States, France, the Russian Empire, Italy, Japan, Portugal, and the many aforementioned Balkan States such as Serbia and Montenegro; and the Central Powers, primarily composed of the German Empire, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria. Germany's strategy for a war on two fronts against France and Russia was to rapidly concentrate the bulk of its army in the West to defeat France within 6 weeks, then shift forces to the East before Russia could fully mobilise; this was later known as the Schlieffen Plan. On August 2, Germany demanded free passage through Belgium, an essential element in achieving a quick victory over France. When this was refused, German forces invaded Belgium on August 3 and declared war on France the same day; the Belgian government invoked the 1839 Treaty of London and, in compliance with its obligations under this treaty, Britain declared war on Germany on August 4. On August 12, Britain and France also declared war on Austria-Hungary; on August 23, Japan sided with Britain, seizing German possessions in China and the Pacific. In November 1914, the Ottoman Empire entered the war on the side of Austria-Hungary and Germany, opening fronts in the Caucasus, Mesopotamia, and the Sinai Peninsula. The war was fought in (and drew upon) each power's colonial empire also, spreading the conflict to Africa and across the globe. The German advance into France was halted at the Battle of the Marne and by the end of 1914, the Western Front settled into a war of attrition, marked by a long series of trench lines that changed little until 1917 (the Eastern Front, by contrast, was marked by much greater exchanges of territory). In 1915, Italy joined the Allied Powers and opened a front in the Alps. Bulgaria joined the Central Powers in 1915 and Greece joined the Allies in 1917, expanding the war in the Balkans. The United States initially remained neutral, though even while neutral it became an important supplier of war materiel to the Allies. Eventually, after the sinking of American merchant ships by German submarines, the declaration by Germany that its navy would resume unrestricted attacks on neutral shipping, and the revelation that Germany was trying to incite Mexico to initiate war against the United States, the U.S. declared war on Germany on 6 April 1917. Trained American forces did not begin arriving at the front in large numbers until mid-1918, but the American Expeditionary Force ultimately reached some two million troops. Though Serbia was defeated in 1915, and Romania joined the Allied Powers in 1916, only to be defeated in 1917, none of the great powers were knocked out of the war until 1918. The 1917 February Revolution in Russia replaced the Monarchy with the Provisional Government, but continuing discontent with the cost of the war led to the October Revolution, the creation of the Soviet Socialist Republic, and the signing of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk by the new government in March 1918, ending Russia's involvement in the war. Germany now controlled much of eastern Europe and transferred large numbers of combat troops to the Western Front. Using new tactics, the German March 1918 Offensive was initially successful. The Allies fell back and held. The last of the German reserves were exhausted as 10,000 fresh American troops arrived every day. The Allies drove the Germans back in their Hundred Days Offensive, a continual series of attacks to which the Germans had no countermove. One by one, the Central Powers quit: first Bulgaria (September 29), then the Ottoman Empire (October 31) and the Austro-Hungarian Empire (November 3). With its allies defeated, revolution at home, and the military no longer willing to fight, Kaiser Wilhelm abdicated on 9 November and Germany signed an armistice on 11 November 1918, ending the war. World War I was a significant turning point in the political, cultural, economic, and social climate of the world. The war and its immediate aftermath sparked numerous revolutions and uprisings. The Big Four (Britain, France, the United States, and Italy) imposed their terms on the defeated powers in a series of treaties agreed at the 1919 Paris Peace Conference, the most well known being the Treaty of Versailles with Germany. Ultimately, as a result of the war, the Austro-Hungarian, German, Ottoman, and Russian Empires ceased to exist, and numerous new states were created from their remains. However, despite the conclusive Allied victory (and the creation of the League of Nations during the peace conference, intended to prevent future wars), a second world war followed just over twenty years later.