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The History Of The Suffragette And The Battle For Women's Rights During The Twentieth Century As Seen Through The Lens Of Four Video Features: 1) PERSPECTIVE ON GREATNESS: THE FEMALE REBELLION (Black/White, 1963, 50 Min.), Narrated By The Distinguished Actress And Women's Advocate, Joan Fontaine; 2) AMERICA: THE SECOND CENTURY: Women In America (Color, 1980, 29 Min.), An Episode Of The Landmark TV Documentary Series Hosted By Bill Shaw That Explores The Second 100 Years Of The History Of The United States; 3) WOMEN ON THE MARCH (Black/White, 1958, 52 Min.), A National Film Board Of Canada Production Written And Narrated By The Eminent Television Journalist Pierre Berton; And 4) PATHE NEWSREELS: WOMEN'S SUFFRAGE: FAMOUS WOMEN (Black/White, 1947, Silent, 5 Minutes), A Collage Of Newsreels Devoted To Suffragettes And Leading Women Of Their Day -- All Presented In The Highest DVD Quality MPG Video Format Of 9.1 MBPS In An Archival Quality 2 Disc All Regions Format DVD Set, MP4 Video Download Or USB Flash Drive! #WomensSuffrage #WomensMovement #FeministMovement #Feminism #WomensRights #WomensEquality #GenderEquality #SexualEquality #CivilRights #WomensLiberation #WomensLib #Suffrage #UniversalSuffrage #GeneralSuffrage #CommonSuffrage #UnitedStatesConstitution #USConstitution #HistoryOfTtheUnitedStates #HistoryOfTtheUS #AmericanHistory #USHistory #DVD #VideoDownload #MP4 #USBFlashDrive
Women's Suffrage is the right of women to vote in elections. Beginning in the mid-19th century, aside from the work being done by women for broad-based economic and political equality and for social reforms, women sought to change voting laws to allow them to vote. National and international organizations formed to coordinate efforts towards that objective, especially the International Woman Suffrage Alliance (founded in 1904 in Berlin, Germany), as well as for equal civil rights for women. Many instances occurred in recent centuries where women were selectively given, then stripped of, the right to vote. The first province in the world to award and maintain women's suffrage continuously was Pitcairn Islands in 1838, and the first sovereign nation was Norway in 1913, as the Kingdom of Hawai'i, which originally had universal suffrage in 1840, rescinded this in 1852 and was subsequently annexed by the United States in 1898. In the years after 1869, a number of provinces held by the British and Russian empires conferred women's suffrage, and some of these became sovereign nations at a later point, like New Zealand, Australia, and Finland. Women who owned property gained the right to vote in the Isle of Man in 1881, and in 1893, women in the then self-governing British colony of New Zealand were granted the right to vote. In Australia, non-Aboriginal women progressively gained the right to vote between 1894 and 1911 (federally in 1902). Prior to independence, in the Russian Grand Duchy of Finland, women were the first in the world to gain racially-equal suffrage, with both the right to vote and to stand as candidates in 1906. Most major Western powers extended voting rights to women in the interwar period, including Canada (1917), Britain and Germany (1918), Austria and the Netherlands (1919) and the United States (1920). Notable exceptions in Europe were France, where women could not vote until 1944, Greece (equal voting rights for women did not exist there until 1952, although, since 1930, literate women were able to vote in local elections), and Switzerland (where, since 1971, women could vote at the federal level, and between 1959 and 1990, women got the right to vote at the local canton level). Since Saudi Arabia granted voting rights to women (2015), women can vote in every country that has elections. Extended political campaigns by women and their supporters have generally been necessary to gain legislation or constitutional amendments for women's suffrage. In many countries, limited suffrage for women was granted before universal suffrage for men; for instance, literate women or property owners were granted suffrage before all men received it. The United Nations encouraged women's suffrage in the years following World War II, and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (1979) identifies it as a basic right with 189 countries currently being parties to this Convention.
The Feminist Movement, also known as the Women's Movement or simply Feminism, refers to a series of political campaigns for reforms on issues such as reproductive rights, domestic violence, maternity leave, equal pay, women's suffrage, sexual harassment, and sexual violence. The movement's priorities vary among nations and communities, and range from opposition to female genital mutilation in one country, to opposition to the glass ceiling in another. Feminism in parts of the Western world has gone through a series of waves. First-wave feminism was oriented around the station of middle- or upper-class white women and involved suffrage and political equality. Second-wave feminism attempted to further combat social and cultural inequalities. Although the first wave of feminism involved mainly middle class white women, the second wave brought in women of color and women from other developing nations that were seeking solidarity. Third-wave feminism is continuing to address the financial, social and cultural inequalities and includes renewed campaigning for greater influence of women in politics and media. In reaction to political activism, feminists have also had to maintain focus on women's reproductive rights, such as the right to abortion. Fourth-wave feminism examines the interlocking systems of power that contribute to the stratification of traditionally marginalized groups.