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A Bittersweet Reunion Of The Kulak Refugees Of Joseph Stalin's Forced Labor City Of Igarka 100 Miles Inside The Arctic Circle, Filmed During The Final Days Of The Soviet Union, And Presented In The Highest DVD Quality MPG Video Format Of 9.1 MBPS As An MP4 Video Download Or Archival Quality All Regions Format DVD! (Color, 1989, 51 Minutes.) #Igarka #Resettlement #ForcibleResettlement #ForcedResettlement #Deportation #Dekulakization #Kulaks #ForcedLaborCamps #Glasnost #SovietUnion #USSR #SovietUnionHistory #USSRHistory #HistoryOfTheSovietUnion #HistoryOfTheUSSR #TVDocumentaries #TVDocumentariesSeries #Documentaries #MP4 #VideoDownload #DVD
From the monoloague of host and narrator Dr. Michael Brainerd: Ever since the Bolshevik Revolution, the life of the Soviet people has been wrapped in secrecy. The world heard rumors of oppression and outrage, but it was difficult for outsiders to get a clear picture. The film you are about to see, The Past Seems But A Dream, gives us a moving inside view. The story is told by those who as children were exiled by Stalin, with their mothers, to Igarka, a remote Arctic village. In 1937, the children wrote a book about their experiences, full of innocent creativity, and it was acclaimed by Maxim Gorky. The filmmakers recognized that a reunion of these former exiles would make a powerful story. This film reunites these former residents of Igarka as they journey into a past they recall vividly, but with mixed emotions. In most American lives, nostalgia brings memories of a happy childhood, pleasant experiences, and the comfort of being cared for by others. In the Soviet Union, nostalgia often brings pain, indelible memories of injustice and the loss of loved ones. Under a less brutal government, and living in peace, children of today's Russia will be able to recall a childhood with more pleasure than pain, and more comfort than suffering.
Dekulakization (Russian: Raskulachivanie; Ukrainian: Rozkurkulennia) was the Soviet campaign of political repressions, including arrests, deportations, or executions of millions of kulaks (prosperous peasants) and their families. Redistribution of farmland started in 1917 and lasted until 1933, but was most active in the 1929-1932 period of the first five-year plan. To facilitate the expropriations of farmland, the Soviet government portrayed kulaks as class enemies of the Soviet Union. More than 1.8 million peasants were deported in 1930-1931. The campaign had the stated purpose of fighting counter-revolution and of building socialism in the countryside. This policy, carried out simultaneously with collectivization in the Soviet Union, effectively brought all agriculture and all the labourers in Soviet Russia under state control. Hunger, disease, and mass executions during dekulakization led to approximately 390,000 or 530,000-600,000 deaths from 1929 to 1933. The results soon became known outside the Soviet Union.
Igarka is a town in Turukhansky District of Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia, located 163 kilometers (101 mi) north of the Arctic Circle. Igarka is a monotown established around a sawmill which processed timber logged in the basin of the Yenisei River for export. Up to 1956, it was largely inhabited by deportees and political prisoners. Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the town's population has rapidly declined - it decreased from 18,820 (1989 Census) to 4,417 (2019). Igarka was founded in 1929 as a sawmill and a timber-exporting port by the Chief Directorate of the Northern Sea Route. Timber was logged in the basin of the Yenisei River, floated to Igarka where it was processed, and then exported to various distribution centers. The town grew rapidly as deportees during the dekulakization campaigns were sent to the town. Igarka was granted city status in 1931. The town's construction was directed by Boris Lavrov who envisioned Igarka as an ideal Soviet Arctic city. In 1939, the town reached its peak population of 23,648. Further development was suspended due to World War II, but resumed in the late 1940s when Igarka was envisioned as a naval port. From 1949 to 1953, the Salekhard-Igarka Railway project made an unsuccessful attempt to connect Igarka to the Russian railway network at Salekhard, claiming the lives of thousands of Gulag prisoners. During the deportations of 1948-1951, thousands of civilians were deported to Igarka from the newly occupied territories of the Soviet Union. Some 6,000 to 10,000 Lithuanians were deported during the Operation Vesna in May 1948 alone. About 1,000-3,000 of them died from the cold and poor conditions in the first year. After the death of Stalin in 1953, the Salekhard-Igarka Railway project was abandoned and many deportees were allowed to return home. However, the town recovered and by 1965 it was the second largest lumber-exporting port in the Soviet Union. During this era, the town saw construction of typical concrete housing blocks. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the sawmill was not viable in the new free-market environment due to the high costs associated with the harsh climate conditions and long distances to the buyers. The sawmill closed in 2000 leading to the rapid decline in the town's population. Increasing mean annual air temperatures led to permafrost thaw which destabilized and structurally impaired many buildings in the town. To reduce maintenance and utility costs of such buildings, the town demolished and controlled burned the historic district of mainly wooden houses in the mid-2000s. The residents were relocated to the newer apartment blocks.