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The History Of The Soviet Union's Race To Produce Nuclear Weapons In A 3 Part Documentary Series, Presented In The Highest DVD Quality MPG Video Format Of 9.1 MBPS In An MP4 Video Download Or Archival Quality 2 Disc All Regions Format DVD Set! (Color, 1994, Three Episodes Of 48 Minutes Each.) #TheRedBomb #RedBomb #SovietNuclearWeaponsProgram #SovietUnionAndWeaponsOfMassDestruction #USSRAndWeaponsOfMassDestruction #RussiaAndWeaponsOfMassDestruction #SovietUnionAndNuclearWeapons #USSRAndNuclearWeapons #RussiaAndNuclearWeapons #NuclearWeaponsOfTheSovietUnion #NuclearBombsOfTheSovietUnion #NuclearWeaponsOfTheUSSR #NuclearBombsOfTheUSSR #NuclearWeaponsOfRussia #NuclearBombsOfRussia #SovietAtomicBombs #RussianAtomicBombs #AtomicBombs #SovietAtomBombs #RussianAtomBombs #AtomBombs #SovietABombs #RussianABombs #ABombs #SovietHydrogenBombs #RussianHydrogenBombs #HydrogenBombs #SovietHBombs #RussianHBombs #HBombs #SovietNuclearWeaponsTesting #RussianNuclearWeaponsTesting #NuclearWeaponsTesting #NovayaZemlya #NuclearTesting #NuclearTests #NuclearWeapons #NuclearArmsRace #NuclearArms #NuclearAge #RDS220 #TsarBomba #TsarBomb #MP4 #VideoDownload #DVD
Episode 1: The End Of Innocence (Earliest Atomic Research To American Trinity Atomic Bomb Test)
Episode 2: Stolen Secrets (1945 To Soviet First Lightning Atomic Bomb Test)
Episode 3: In The Name Of Peace (1949 To Soviet Tsar Bomba Hydrogen Bomb Test)
The Soviet Atomic Bomb Project (Russian: Sovetskiy Proyekt Atomnoy Bomby) was the classified research and development program that was authorized by Joseph Stalin in the Soviet Union to develop nuclear weapons during World War II. Although the Soviet scientific community discussed the possibility of an atomic bomb throughout the 1930s, going as far as making a concrete proposal to develop such a weapon in 1940, the full-scale program was not initiated until World War II. Because of the conspicuous silence of the scientific publications on the subject of nuclear fission by German, American, and British scientists, Russian physicist Georgy Flyorov suspected that the Allied powers had secretly been developing a "superweapon" since 1939. Flyorov wrote a letter to Stalin urging him to start this program in 1942. Initial efforts were slowed due to the German invasion of the Soviet Union and remained largely composed of the intelligence knowledge gained from the Soviet spy rings working in the U.S. Manhattan Project. After Stalin learned of the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the program was pursued aggressively and accelerated through effective intelligence gathering about the German nuclear weapon project and the American Manhattan Project. The Soviet efforts also rounded up captured German scientists to join their program, and relied on knowledge passed by spies to Soviet intelligence agencies. On August 29, 1949, the Soviet Union secretly conducted its first successful weapon test (First Lightning, based on the American "Fat Man" design) at the Semipalatinsk Test Site in Kazakhstan.
The Soviet Development Of Thermonuclear Devices: After World War II, Andrei Sakharov, Russian nuclear physicist and head of the soviet union's nuclear weapons development program, researched cosmic rays. In mid-1948 he participated in the Soviet atomic bomb project under Igor Kurchatov and Igor Tamm. Sakharov's study group at FIAN in 1948 came up with a second concept in August-September 1948. Adding a shell of natural, unenriched uranium around the deuterium would increase the deuterium concentration at the uranium-deuterium boundary and the overall yield of the device, because the natural uranium would capture neutrons and itself fission as part of the thermonuclear reaction. This idea of a layered fission-fusion-fission bomb led Sakharov to call it the sloika, or layered cake. The first Soviet atomic device was tested on August 29, 1949. After moving to Sarov in 1950, Sakharov played a key role in the development of the first megaton-range Soviet hydrogen bomb using a design known as Sakharov's Third Idea in Russia and the Teller-Ulam design in the United States. Before his Third Idea, Sakharov tried a "layer cake" of alternating layers of fission and fusion fuel. The results were disappointing, yielding no more than a typical fission bomb. However the design was seen to be worth pursuing because deuterium is abundant and uranium is scarce, and he had no idea how powerful the US design was. Sakharov realized that in order to cause the explosion of one side of the fuel to symmetrically compress the fusion fuel, a mirror could be used to reflect the radiation. The details had not been officially declassified in Russia when Sakharov was writing his memoirs, but in the Teller-Ulam design, soft X-rays emitted by the fission bomb were focused onto a cylinder of lithium deuteride to compress it symmetrically. This is called radiation implosion. The Teller-Ulam design also had a secondary fission device inside the fusion cylinder to assist with the compression of the fusion fuel and generate neutrons to convert some of the lithium to tritium, producing a mixture of deuterium and tritium. Sakharov's idea was first tested as RDS-37 in 1955. A larger variation of the same design which Sakharov worked on was the 50 Mt Tsar Bomba of October 1961, which was the most powerful nuclear device ever detonated.