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All Four Of History's First Televised Presidential Debates, The Key Turning Point Of The 1960 United States Presidential Race In The Closely Contested Election Between Democratic United States Senator John F.. Kennedy And Republican Incumbent Vice President Richard Nixon, Plus The 1985 Documentary “The Making Of The Great Debate” Hosted By Bill Kurtis, Presented In The Highest DVD Quality MPG Video Format Of 9.1 MBPS In An Archival Quality 3 Disc All Regions Format DVD Set, MP4 Video Download Or USB Flash Drive! #USPresidentialDebates #KennedyNixonDebates #PresidentialDebates1960 #GreatDebates #USPresidentialElectionOf1960 #Campaign1960 #JohnFKennedy #RichardNixon #AmericanHistory #USHistory #HistoryOfTheUS #DVD #VideoDownload #MP4 #USBFlashDrive
THE DEBATES (Each Debate 59 Minutes, Black/White) :
DEBATE NO. 1: MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 26TH, 1960: Host: CBS affiliate WBBM-TV, Chicago, Illinois; Moderator: Howard K. Smith; Panelists: Sander Vanocur, Charles Warren, Stuart Novin
DEBATE NO. 2: FRIDAY, OCTOBER 7, 1960: Host: NBC affiliate WRC-TV, Washington, D.C; Moderator: Frank McGee; Panelists: Paul Niven, Edward P. Morgan, Alan Spivak, Harold R. Levy
DEBATE NO. 3: THURSDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1960: Host: ABC Studios Los Angeles (Nixon), ABC Studios New York (Kennedy); Moderator: Bill Shadel; Panelists: Frank McGee, Charles Van Fremd, Douglass Cater
DEBATE NO. 4: FRIDAY, OCTOBER 21, 1960: Host: ABC Studios New York; Moderator: Quincy Howe; Panelists: Frank Singiser, John Edwards, Walter Cronkite, John Chancellor
BONUS TITLE: THE MAKING OF THE GREAT DEBATE (Color, 1985, 23 Minutes)
Bill Kurtis hosts this instructive and insightful investigative report on the behind-the-scenes action of the first Kennedy-Nixon debate, the meaning of the events and elements in and surrounding it, and an analysis of the performance of the candidates from a psychological, rhetorical and marketing standpoint.
The 1960 United States Presidential Election: The key turning point of the campaign came with the four Kennedy-Nixon debates; they were the first presidential debates ever (The Lincoln-Douglas debates of 1858 had been the first for senators from Illinois), also the first held on television, and thus attracted enormous publicity. Nixon insisted on campaigning until just a few hours before the first debate started. He had not completely recovered from his stay in hospital and thus looked pale, sickly, underweight, and tired. His eyes moved across the room during the debate, and at various moments sweat was visible on his face. He also refused make-up for the first debate, and as a result his facial stubble showed prominently on the black-and-white TV screens at the time. Furthermore, the debate set appeared darker once the paint dried up, causing Nixon's suit color to blend in with the background which reduced his stature. Nixon's poor appearance on television in the first debate is reflected by the fact that his mother called him immediately following the debate to ask if he was sick. Kennedy, by contrast, rested and prepared extensively beforehand, appearing tanned, confident, and relaxed during the debate. An estimated 70 million viewers watched the first debate. It is often claimed that people who watched the debate on television overwhelmingly believed Kennedy had won, while radio listeners (a smaller audience) thought Nixon had ended up defeating him. However, that has been disputed. Indeed, one study has speculated that the viewer/listener disagreement could be due to sample bias in that those without TV could be a skewed subset of the population. After the first debate, polls showed Kennedy moving from a slight deficit into a slight lead over Nixon. For the remaining three debates, Nixon regained his lost weight, wore television makeup, and appeared more forceful than in his initial appearance. However, up to 20 million fewer viewers watched the three remaining debates than the first. Some political observers at the time felt that Kennedy won the first debate, Nixon won the second and third debates, while the fourth debate, which was seen as the strongest performance by both men, was a draw. The third debate has been notable, as it brought about a change in the debate process. This debate was a monumental step for television. For the first time ever, split-screen technology was used to bring two people from opposite sides of the country together so they were able to converse in real time. Nixon was in Los Angeles while Kennedy was in New York. The men appeared to be in the same room, thanks to identical sets. Both candidates had monitors in their respective studios containing the feed from the opposite studio so they could respond to questions. Bill Shadel moderated the debate from a different television studio in Los Angeles. The main topic of this debate was whether military force should be used to prevent Quemoy and Matsu, two island archipelagos off the Chinese coast, from falling under Communist control.