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John Singleton Mosby, Confederate Cavalry Commander Known On Both Sides As "The Gray Ghost", Whose Battalion Of Virginia Cavalry Became Famous North And South As "Mosby's Rangers" And "Mosby's Raiders", Partisan Rangers Known For Lightning-Quick Raids And An Uncanny Ability To Elude The Union Army In A Field Of Operations Within Northern Central Virginia Known as Mosby's Confederacy, In A Documentary History Hosted And Narrated By Danny Glover For Civil War Journals, And Presented In The Highest DVD Quality MPG Video Format Of 9.1 MBPS As An MP4 Video Download Or Archival Quality All Regions Format DVD! (Color, 1994, 48 Minutes.) #JohnSingletonMosby #JohnSMosby #TheGrayGhost #GrayGhost #VirginiaCavalry #MosbysRangers #MosbysRaiders #MosbysConfederacy #ConfederateCavalry #CavalryCommanders #ConfederateCommanders #Confederates #PartisanRangers #Rangers #Partisans #Irregulars #Dandies #NorthernCentralVirginia #DannyGlover #CivilWarJournals #Majors #Colonels #43rdBattalionVirginiaCavalry #VirginiaCavalry #CSA #ConfederateArmy #AmericanCivilWar #WarBetweenTheStates #EasternTheaterOfTheAmericanCivilWar #Republicans #GOP #AmericanHistory #USHistory #HistoryOfTheUS #MP4 #VideoDownload #DVD
John S. Mosby, also known by "The Gray Ghost", Confederate army cavalry battalion commander in the American Civil War, was born John Singleton Mosby on December 6, 1833 in Powhatan County, Virginia. His command, the 43rd Battalion, Virginia Cavalry, was able to elude their Union Army pursuers and disappear by blending in with local farmers and townsmen in an area of northern central Virginia in which Mosby operated with impunity, an area which became known as "Mosby's Confederacy". Mosby spoke out against secession, but reluctantly joined the Confederate army as a private at the outbreak of the war. He first served in William "Grumble" Jones's Washington Mounted Rifles. Jones became a Major and was instructed to form a more collective "Virginia Volunteers", which he created with two mounted companies and eight companies of infantry and riflemen, including the Washington Mounted Rifles. Mosby thought the Virginia Volunteers lacked congeniality, and he wrote to the governor requesting to be transferred. However, his request was not granted. The Virginia Volunteers participated in the First Battle of Bull Run (First Manassas) in July 1861. In April 1862, the Confederate Congress passed the Partisan Ranger Act which "provides that such partisan rangers, after being regularly received into service, shall be entitled to the same pay, rations, and quarters, during their term of service, and be subject to the same regulations, as other soldiers." By June 1862, Mosby was scouting for J.E.B. Stuart during the Peninsular Campaign, including supporting Stuart's "Ride Around McClellan", which Mosby himself had first espied, communicated to his superiors and offered the strategy used by Stuart to succeed. Mosby was captured on July 20 by Union cavalry while waiting for a train at the Beaverdam Depot in Hanover County, Virginia. Mosby was imprisoned in the Old Capitol Prison in Washington, D.C. for ten days before being exchanged as part of the war's first prisoner exchange. Even as a prisoner Mosby spied on his enemy. During a brief stopover at Fort Monroe he detected an unusual buildup of shipping in Hampton Roads and learned they were carrying thousands of troops under Ambrose Burnside from North Carolina on their way to reinforce John Pope in the Northern Virginia Campaign. When he was released, Mosby walked to the army headquarters outside Richmond and personally related his findings to Robert E. Lee. After the Battle of Fredericksburg, in December, 1862, Mosby and his senior officer J.E.B. Stuart led raids behind Union lines in Prince William, Fairfax and Loudoun counties, seeking to disrupt federal communications and supplies between Washington D.C. and Fredericksburg, as well as provision their own forces. As the year ended, at Oakham Farm in Loudoun County, Virginia Mosby gathered with various horsemen from Middleburg, Virginia who decided to form what became known as Mosby's Rangers. In January 1863, Stuart, with Lee's concurrence, authorized Mosby to form and take command of the 43rd Battalion Virginia Cavalry. This was later expanded into Mosby's Command, a regimental-sized unit of partisan rangers operating in Northern Virginia. The 43rd Battalion operated officially as a unit of the Army of Northern Virginia, subject to the commands of Lee and Stuart, but its men (1,900 of whom served from January 1863 through April 1865) lived outside of the norms of regular army cavalrymen. The Confederate government certified special rules to govern the conduct of partisan rangers. These included sharing in the disposition of spoils of war. They had no camp duties and lived scattered among the civilian population. Mosby required proof from any volunteer that he had not deserted from the regular service, and only about 10% of his men had served previously in the Confederate Army. The partisan rangers proved controversial among Confederate army regulars, who thought they encouraged desertion as well as morale problems in the countryside as potential soldiers would favor sleeping in their own (or friendly) beds and capturing booty to the hardships and privations of traditional military campaigns. Mosby was thus enrolled in the Provisional Army of the Confederate States and soon promoted to lieutenant colonel on January 21, 1864, and to colonel, December 7, 1864. Mosby carefully screened potential recruits, and required each to bring his own horse. Several weeks after General Robert E. Lee's surrender, Mosby's status was uncertain. Finally, on April 21, 1865, in Salem, Virginia, Mosby, rather than surrender, disbanded the rangers, and on the following day many former rangers rode their worst horses to Winchester to surrender, receive paroles and return to their homes. Mosby himself surrendered on June 17, one of the last Confederate officers to do so. After the war, Mosby became a Republican and worked as an attorney, supporting his former enemy, U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant. He also served as the American consul to Hong Kong and in the U.S. Department of Justice. He died May 30, 1916 of complications after throat surgery in a Washington, D.C. hospita, noting at the end that it was Memorial Day. He is buried at the Warrenton Cemetery in Warrenton, Virginia.