USD. Free Shipping Worldwide!
COINTELPRO, The FBI's War On Black America And Any Other Groups They Deemed A Threat To The Socio-Political Order Of The United States, As Told In The FBI's Own Internal Documents, The Black Panther 10-Point Program; In Archival Footage Of Malcolm X, Kwame Ture (Former Stokely Carmichael), Malcolm X, Eldridge Cleaver, Fred Hampton, Ed Hanrahan, Bull Conner, Huey P. Newton, H. Rap Brown, Adam Clayton Powell, President Richard Nixon, Hubert H. Humphrey And More; The Legal Testimony Of Gary Thomas Rowe And FBI Agent M Wesley Swearingen; And In Analysis By And Exclusive Interviews With Kwame Ture, Jeff Hass, Flint Taylor, Chicago Alderman Bobby Rush, Cortland Cox, Kathleen Cleaver, Lu Palmer, Robert Starks, Geronimo Pratt, U.S. House Representative Pete McClosky And Phillip Smith -- All Presented In The Highest DVD Quality MPG Video Format Of 9.1 MBPS As An MP4 Video Download Or Archival Quality All Regions Format DVD! (Color, 1989, 48 Minutes.)
COINTELPRO (syllabic abbreviation derived from (CO)UNTER (INTEL)LIGENCE (PRO)GRAM) was a series of covert and illegal projects from 1956 to 1971 actively conducted by the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) aimed at surveilling, infiltrating, discrediting, and disrupting domestic American political organizations. FBI records show COINTELPRO resources targeted groups and individuals the FBI deemed subversive, including feminist organizations, the Communist Party USA, anti-Vietnam War organizers, activists of the civil rights and Black power movements (e.g., Martin Luther King Jr., the Nation of Islam, and the Black Panther Party), environmentalist and animal rights organizations, the American Indian Movement (AIM), Chicano and Mexican-American groups like the Brown Berets and the United Farm Workers, independence movements (including Puerto Rican independence groups such as the Young Lords and the Puerto Rican Socialist Party), a variety of organizations that were part of the broader New Left, and white supremacist groups such as the Ku Klux Klan and the far-right group National States' Rights Party. The FBI has used covert operations against domestic political groups since its inception; however, covert operations under the official COINTELPRO label took place between 1956 and 1971. Many of the tactics used in COINTELPRO are alleged to have seen continued use including; discrediting targets through psychological warfare; smearing individuals and groups using forged documents and by planting false reports in the media; harassment; wrongful imprisonment; illegal violence; and assassination. According to a Senate report, the FBI's motivation was "protecting national security, preventing violence, and maintaining the existing social and political order". Beginning in 1969, leaders of the Black Panther Party were targeted by the COINTELPRO and "neutralized" by being assassinated, imprisoned, publicly humiliated or falsely charged with crimes. Some of the Black Panthers targeted include Fred Hampton, Mark Clark, Zayd Shakur, Geronimo Pratt, Mumia Abu-Jamal, and Marshall Conway. Common tactics used by COINTELPRO were perjury, witness harassment, witness intimidation, and withholding of exculpatory evidence.
FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover issued directives governing COINTELPRO, ordering FBI agents to "expose, disrupt, misdirect, discredit, or otherwise neutralize" the activities of these movements and especially their leaders. Under Hoover, the official in charge of COINTELPRO was assistant director William C. Sullivan. Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy personally authorized some of the programs, giving written approval for limited wiretapping of Martin Luther King's phones "on a trial basis, for a month or so". Hoover extended the clearance so his men were "unshackled" to look for evidence in any areas of King's life they deemed worthy.