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The Out-Of-Print Special English Language Soundtrack Edition Of "Z" Director Costa-Gavras' Political Thriller Based On The Memoirs Of Artur London, Defendant In The Slansky Trial, The 1952 Antisemitic Show Trial Against Fourteen Communist Party Of Czechoslovakia Members, A Film Also Meant As A Contemporary Commentary On The 1968 Warsaw Pact Invasion Of Czechoslovakia That Crushed The Prague Spring, Based On Lise And Artur London's Novel About The So-Called Anti-Trotskyite Show Trials Of Early 1950s Czechoslovakia, Presented In The Highest DVD Quality MPG Video Format Of 9.1 MBPS In An Archival Quality 2 Disc All Regions Format DVD Set, MP4 Video Download Or USB Flash Drive! (Color, 1970 2 Hours 19 Minutes.) #TheConfession #Laveu #YvesMontand #SimoneSignoret #CostaGavras #ArturLondon #SlanskyTrial #Antisemitism #ShowTrials #WarsawPactInvasionOfCzechoslovakia #OperationDanube #EasternBloc #WarsawPact #Czechoslovakia #PragueSpring #AlexanderDubcek #Reformism #CzechoslovakiaSovietUnionRelations #ColdWar #SovietRepression #Movies #Film #MotionPictures #Cinema #FrenchCinema #CinemaOfFrance #ItalianCinema #CinemaOfItaly #DVD #MP4 #VideoDownload
Yves Montand ... Gerard
Simone Signoret ... Lise
Gabriele Ferzetti ... Kohoutek
Michel Vitold ... Smola
Jean Bouise ... Boss of factory
Laszlo Szabo ... Secret policeman
The Confession (French: L'aveu) is a 1970 French-Italian film directed by Costa-Gavras starring Yves Montand and Simone Signoret. It is based on the true story of the Czechoslovak communist committed leftist Artur London, a defendant in the Slansky trial. Gavras did not intend the film as an anti-communist film but as a plea against totalitarianism and particularly Stalinism. Yves Montand lost more than 15 kilograms (33 lb) to play his role. Montand had been shaken by the 1956 events in Hungary and later said of the film: "There was in what I inflicted upon myself [for this role] something of an act of expiation."
Artur London (February 1, 1915 - November 8, 1986) was a Czechoslovak communist politician and co-defendant in the Slansky Trial in 1952. Though he was sentenced to life in prison, he was freed in 1955; he then settled in France with his wife Lise London. In 1968 he published his memoirs in The Confession, a book which resonated internationally, soon to be adapted by Costa-Gavras in the movie of the same name.
The Slansky Trial (officially in Czech: "Proces S Vedenim Protistatniho Spikleneckeho Centra V Cele S Rudolfem Slanskym", in English: "Trial Of The Leadership Of The Anti-State Conspiracy Centre Headed by Rudolf Slansky") was a 1952 antisemitic show trial against fourteen members of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (KSC), including many high-ranking officials. Several charges, including high treason, were announced against the group on the grounds of allegedly conspiring against the Czechoslovak Republic. First Secretary of the KSC Rudolf Slansky was the alleged leader of the conspirators. All fourteen defendants were falsely found guilty. Eleven of them were sentenced to death and executed; the remaining three received a life sentence.
The Warsaw Pact Invasion Of Czechoslovakia, officially known as Operation Danube, was a joint invasion of Czechoslovakia by five Warsaw Pact countries - the Soviet Union, Bulgaria, Hungary, East Germany and Poland - on the night of 20-21 August 1968. Approximately 250,000 Warsaw pact troops attacked Czechoslovakia that night, with Romania and Albania refusing to participate. East German forces, except for a small number of specialists, did not participate in the invasion because they were ordered from Moscow not to cross the Czechoslovak border just hours before the invasion. 137 Czechoslovakian civilians were killed and 500 seriously wounded during the occupation. The invasion successfully stopped Alexander Dubcek's Prague Spring liberalisation reforms and strengthened the authority of the authoritarian wing within the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (KSC). The foreign policy of the Soviet Union during this era was known as the Brezhnev Doctrine. The Prague Spring (Czech: Prazske Jaro, Slovak: Prazska Jar) was a period of political liberalization in Czechoslovakia during the era of its domination by the Soviet Union after World War II. It began on 5 January 1968, when reformist Alexander Dubcek was elected First Secretary of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (KSC), and continued until 21 August 1968 when the Soviet Union and other members of the Warsaw Pact invaded the country to halt the reforms. The Prague Spring reforms were a strong attempt by Dubcek to grant additional rights to the citizens of Czechoslovakia in an act of partial decentralization of the economy and democratization. The freedoms granted included a loosening of restrictions on the media, speech and travel. After national discussion of dividing the country into a federation of three republics, Bohemia, Moravia-Silesia and Slovakia, Dubcek oversaw the decision to split into two, the Czech Republic and Slovak Republic. This was the only formal change that survived the end of Prague Spring, though the relative success of the nonviolent resistance undoubtedly prefigured and facilitated the peaceful transition to liberal democracy with the collapse of Soviet hegemony in 1989. The reforms, especially the decentralization of administrative authority, were not received well by the Soviets, who, after failed negotiations, sent half a million Warsaw Pact troops and tanks to occupy the country. The New York Times cited reports of 650,000 men equipped with the most modern and sophisticated weapons in the Soviet military catalogue. A large wave of emigration swept the nation. A spirited non-violent resistance was mounted throughout the country, involving attempted fraternization, painting over and turning street signs (on one occasion an entire invasion force from Poland was routed back out of the country after a day's wandering), defiance of various curfews, etc. While the Soviet military had predicted that it would take four days to subdue the country, the resistance held out for eight months and was only circumvented by diplomatic stratagems. There were sporadic acts of violence and several suicides by self-immolation (such as that of Jan Palach), but there was no military resistance. Czechoslovakia remained Soviet-controlled until 1989, when the Velvet Revolution ended pro-Soviet rule peacefully, undoubtedly drawing upon the successes of the non-violent resistance twenty years earlier. The resistance also became an iconic example of civilian-based defense which, along with unarmed civilian peacekeeping, constitute the two ways that nonviolence can be and occasionally has been applied directly to military or paramilitary threats. After the invasion, Czechoslovakia entered a period known as "normalization": subsequent leaders attempted to restore the political and economic values that had prevailed before Dubcek gained control of the KSC. Gustav Husak, who replaced Dubcek and also became President, reversed almost all of Dubcek's reforms. The Prague Spring inspired music and literature such as the work of Vaclav Havel, Karel Husa, Karel Kryl and Milan Kundera's novel The Unbearable Lightness of Being.