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The Doomed April 17-20, 1961 CIA-Sponsored Invasion Of Cuba In Support Of The Cuban Exile Brigade 2506 Against Fidel Castro's Regime As Presented In Four Titles: 1) THE EAGLE AND THE BEAR: DATELINE: 1961, CUBA... (Documentary, Color, Sound, 1989, 24 Minutes); 2) UNIVERSAL NEWSREEL 4/21/1961: CUBA INVADED! FOES OF CASTRO OPEN OFFENSIVE (Color, Sound, 3 Minutes); 3) The US Air Force BAY OF PIGS CUBAN PRISONERS RETURN ("PROJECT X"), 12/23/1962, Documenting The Prisoners Taken At The Bay Of Pigs Being Returned To Homestead AFB Aboard Pan American DC-6's (Color, Sound, 1 Hour 1 Minute); And 4) The US Air Force CUBAN PRISONERS RETURN ("PROJECT X") DECEMBER 21 1962 - DECEMBER 1962, Further Coverage Of The Return Of 1,113 Cuban Prisoners Who Participated In The Bay of Pigs Invasion By Pan American DC-6's And DC-7C's (Color, Silent, 1 Hour 19 Minutes) -- Presented In The Highest DVD Quality MPG Video Format Of 9.1 MBPS As An Archival Quality All Regions Format DVD, MP4 Video Download Or USB Flash Drive! #BayOfPigsInvasion #BayOfPigsFiasco #CIA #Brigade2506 #CubanExiles #Cuba #CubanHistory #FidelCastro #JohnFKennedy #NikitaKhrushchev #DVD #VideoDownload #MP4 #USBFlashDrive
The Bay Of Pigs Invasion (Spanish: Invasion De Bahia De Cochinos; sometimes called Invasion De Playa Giron or Batalla De Giron, after the Playa Giron, a beach and village on the east bank of the Bay Of Pigs) was a failed landing operation on the southwestern coast of Cuba in 1961 by Cuban exiles who opposed Fidel Castro's Cuban Revolution. Covertly financed and directed by the U.S. government, the operation took place at the height of the Cold War, and its failure led to major shifts in international relations between Cuba, the United States, and the Soviet Union. In 1952, American ally General Fulgencio Batista led a coup against President Carlos Prio and forced Prio into exile in Miami, Florida. Prio's exile inspired the creation of the 26th of July Movement against Batista by Castro. The movement successfully completed the Cuban Revolution in December 1958. Castro nationalized American businesses-including banks, oil refineries, and sugar and coffee plantations-then severed Cuba's formerly close relations with the United States and reached out to its Cold War rival, the Soviet Union. In response, U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower allocated 13.1M USD to the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) in March 1960, for use against Castro. With the aid of Cuban counter-revolutionaries, the CIA proceeded to organize an invasion operation. After Castro's victory, Cuban exiles who had traveled to the U.S. had formed the counter-revolutionary military unit Brigade 2506. The brigade fronted the armed wing of the Democratic Revolutionary Front (DRF), and its purpose was to overthrow Castro's government. The CIA funded the brigade, which also included some U.S. military personnel, and trained the unit in Guatemala. Over 1,400 paramilitaries, divided into five infantry battalions and one paratrooper battalion, assembled and launched from Guatemala and Nicaragua by boat on 17 April 1961. Two days earlier, eight CIA-supplied B-26 bombers had attacked Cuban airfields and then returned to the U.S. On the night of 17 April, the main invasion force landed on the beach at Playa Giron in the Bay of Pigs, where it overwhelmed a local revolutionary militia. Initially, Jose Ramon Fernandez led the Cuban Army counter-offensive; later, Castro took personal control. As the invaders lost the strategic initiative, the international community found out about the invasion, and U.S. President John F. Kennedy decided to withhold further air support. The plan devised during Eisenhower's presidency had required involvement of both air and naval forces. Without air support, the invasion was being conducted with fewer forces than the CIA had deemed necessary. The invading force was defeated within three days by the Cuban Revolutionary Armed Forces (Spanish: Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias - FAR) and the invaders surrendered on 20 April. Most of the invading counter-revolutionary troops were publicly interrogated and put into Cuban prisons. The invasion was a U.S. foreign policy failure. The invasion's defeat solidified Castro's role as a national hero and widened the political division between the two formerly-allied countries. It also pushed Cuba closer to the Soviet Union, setting the stage for the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962.