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The Metropolitan Museum Of Art And The National Gallery Of Art Produced This Inspiring Documentary On The Life And Accomplishments Of Suleiman I, Sultan Of The Ottoman Turkish Empire During Its Golden Age, And Presiding Over The Zenith Of The Empire's Economic, Military, Political And Cultural Power, Presented In The Highest DVD Quality MPG Video Format Of 9.1 MBPS As An Archival Quality All Regions Format DVD, MP4 Video Download Or USB Flash Drive! (Color, 1987, 49 Minutes.) #SuleimanI #SuleymanI #SuleimanTheMagnificent #SuleymanTheMagnificent #MetropolitanMuseumOfArt #NationalGalleryOfArt #Kanuni #Sultans #OttomanEmpire #Islam #DVD #VideoDownload #MP4 #USBFlashDrive
Suleiman I, also known as Suleyman I and as Suleiman the Magnificent, Ottoman sultan (November 6, 1494 - September 6, 1566) was born in Trabzon in what is now northeastern Turkey along the east coast of the Black Sea to Sehzade Selim (later Selim I), probably on November 6, 1494, although this date is not known with absolute certainty. He was known as "Kanuni" (the Lawgiver) in his realm, and was the longest-reigning sultan of the Ottoman Empire, ruling from 1520 to his death in 1566. Suleiman became a prominent monarch of 16th-century Europe, presiding over the apex of the Ottoman Empire's economic, military and political power. Suleiman personally led Ottoman armies in conquering the Christian strongholds of Belgrade and Rhodes as well as most of Hungary before his conquests were checked at the Siege of Vienna in 1529. He annexed much of the Middle East in his conflict with the Safavids and large areas of North Africa as far west as Algeria. Under his rule, the Ottoman fleet dominated the seas from the Mediterranean to the Red Sea and through the Persian Gulf. Suleiman personally instituted major legislative changes relating to society, education, taxation and criminal law. His reforms, carried out in conjunction with the empire's chief judicial official Ebussuud Efendi, harmonized the relationship between the two forms of Ottoman law; sultanic (Kanun) and religious (Sharia). He was a distinguished poet and goldsmith; he also became a great patron of culture, overseeing the "Golden" age of the Ottoman Empire in its artistic, literary and architectural development. Breaking with Ottoman tradition, Suleiman married Hurrem Sultan, a woman from his harem, a Christian of Rusyn (Russian) origin who converted to Islam, and who became famous in the West by the name Roxelana. Suleiman died on n 6 September 1566 at the age of 71 after 46 years of rule on his way from Constantinople to command an expedition to Hungary, the evening before a costly Ottoman victory at the Battle of Szigetvar in Hungary; the Grand Vizier kept his death secret during their withdrawal from the field to attend to the enthronement of Suleiman's successor, his son Selim II. The sultan's body was taken back to Istanbul to be buried, while his heart, liver, and some other organs were buried in Turbek, outside Szigetvar. A mausoleum constructed above the burial site came to be regarded as a holy place and pilgrimage site. Within a decade a mosque and Sufi hospice were built near it, and the site was protected by a salaried garrison of several dozen men.