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Joseph Stalin: A Critical Analysis Of Who He Was, What He Did And What He Left Behind -- A Three Part Television Series Narrated By Eminent Voice Actor Will Lyman With Exclusive Interviews With His Youngest Daughter Svetlana Alliluyeva; Stalin Biographer Professor Robert C. Tucker; Soviet Historian And Gulag Victim Anton Antonov-Ovseyenko; Lithuanian Professor Moshe Lewin, Red Army Soldier And Professor Of Soviet Studies In Paris And Tel Aviv; Professor Stephen F. Cohen, Princeton; Vladimir Lenin's Niece Olga Ulyanova; Stalin's Secretary Boris Bazhanov, Historian, Soviet Communist Party Functionary, Defector To Nazi Germany (After The Soviet Deportation of the Chechens [Operation Lentil]), Anti-Communist Activist And Co-founder Of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty Abdurakhman Avtorkhanov; Trotsky's Grandson Esteban Volkov; Party Activist, Red Army Soldier, Gulag Inmate, Soviet DissidentAnd Author Lev Kopelev; Alexei Rybin, NKVD Officer And Stalin's Bodyguard; Olga Shatunovskayam, Member Of The Communist Party's Kirov Commission That Concluded Secretly That Stalin Had His Rival Sergei Kirov Assassinated; Comintern Agent And Gulag Inmate Wilhemina Slavutskaya; Yuri Aichenwald, Son Of An "Enemy Of The People" Who Was Falsely Accused Of "Counter-Revolutionary Activities" By Valentin Strov, Who Himself Is Interviewed; Professor Dmitri Volkogonov, Stalin's Official Biographer; Anna Larina, Widow Of Nikolai Bukharin; Alice Mulkigian, American Gulag Inmate Of Armenian Ancestry; Pavel Litvinov, Physicist, Stalin Admirer Turned Soviet Dissident ; Soviet Professor Alexander Samsonov, Military Historian; Sir Fitzroy Maclean, British Diplomat; Red Army General Mikhail Milstein; Gennadi Beglov, Russian Writer And Film Director; Leningrad Writer Israel Metter; Ivan Shekhovtsov, Russian Lawyer, Red Army Soldier And Stalin Supporter; Scottish Professor Alec Nove; Sir Frank Roberts, British Ambassador To The USSR; Milovan Djilas, Vice President Of Yugoslavia; Valentin Berezhkov; Stalin's Interpreter; Harrison E. Salisbury, New York Times' Moscow Bureau Chief, Writer And Historian; Anatoli Zhigulin, Poet And Gulag Inmate; Professor Yakov Rapoport, Russian Pathologist And Gulag Inmate; And Many More Of Stalin's Accomplices And Victims Throughout His Career (Color, 1990, 3 Episodes Of 57 Minutes Each) PLUS BONUS: Glasnost Film Festival: THE TRIAL, A Sharp Glasnost Era Soviet Indictment Of Stalin's Purges And The Shockingly Poor Response That This Crippling Of The Soviet Military Gave To The German World War II Invasion Of The Soviet Union In The Early Days Of The Great Patriotic War (Color, 1988, 48 Minutes) -- All Presented In The Highest DVD Quality MPG Video Format Of 9.1 MBPS In An MP4 Video Download Or Archival Quality 2 Disc All Regions Format DVD Set!
Episode 1: Revolutionary
Episode 2: Despot
Episode 3: Generalissimo
The Trial (Russian Language, With English Subtitles)
Joseph Stalin, Georgian-Russian revolutionary, marshal and politician, 4th Premier of the Soviet Union (December 18, 1878 - March 5,1953) was born Ioseb Besarionis dze Jughashvili to a working class family in the Georgian town of Gori, then part of the Tiflis Governorate of the Russian Empire. Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin governed the Soviet Union as its dictator from the mid-1920s until his death in 1953, and he served as General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1952 and as Premier of the Soviet Union from 1941 to 1953. Ideologically a Marxist and a Leninist, Stalin helped to formalise these ideas as Marxism-Leninism while his own policies became known as Stalinism. As a youth Stalin joined the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labour Party. He edited the party newspaper Pravda and raised funds for Vladimir Lenin's Bolshevik faction via robberies, kidnappings, and protection rackets. Repeatedly arrested, he underwent several internal exiles. After the Bolsheviks gained power in the October Revolution of 1917 and established the Russian Soviet Republic, Stalin sat on the governing Politburo during the Russian Civil War and helped form the Soviet Union in 1922. Despite Lenin's opposition, Stalin consolidated power following the former's death in 1924. During Stalin's tenure, "Socialism in One Country" became a central concept in Soviet society, and Lenin's New Economic Policy was replaced with a centralised command economy, industrialisation and collectivisation. These rapidly transformed the country into an industrial power, but disrupted food production and contributed to the famine of 1932-33, particularly affecting Ukraine. To eradicate those regarded as "enemies of the working class", from 1934 to 1939 Stalin organised the "Great Purge" in which hundreds of thousands - including senior political and military figures - were interned in prison camps, exiled, or executed. Stalin's government promoted Marxism-Leninism abroad through the Communist International and supported anti-fascist movements throughout Europe during the 1930s, particularly in the Spanish Civil War. However, in 1939 they signed a non-aggression pact with Nazi Germany, resulting in their joint invasion of Poland. Germany ended the pact by invading the Soviet Union in 1941. Despite initial setbacks, the Soviet Red Army halted the German incursion and captured Berlin in May 1945, ending World War II in Europe. The Soviets annexed the Baltic states and helped establish pro-Soviet Marxist-Leninist governments throughout Eastern Europe. The Soviet Union and the United States emerged as the two world superpowers, and a period of tensions began between the Soviet-backed Eastern Bloc and U.S.-backed Western Bloc known as the Cold War. Stalin led his country through its post-war reconstruction, during which it developed a nuclear weapon. In these years, the country experienced another major famine and a period of antisemitism, which reached its peak in the 1952-1953 Doctors' plot. Stalin died on March 5, 1953 at the age of 74 in his Volynskoe Dacha in Kuntsevo, Moscow of a cerebral hemorrhage. It is possible that Stalin was murdered. Lavrentiy Beria, Stalin's NKVD secret police chief, has been suspected of murder, although no firm evidence has ever appeared. Stalin's death was announced on March 6. The body was embalmed, and then placed on display in Moscow's House of Unions for three days. Crowds were such that a crush killed about 100 people. The funeral involved the body being laid to rest in Lenin's Mausoleum in Red Square on March 9; hundreds of thousands attended. That month featured a surge in arrests for "anti-Soviet agitation" as those celebrating Stalin's death came to police attention. The Chinese government instituted a period of official mourning for Stalin's death. Stalin was succeeded by Nikita Khrushchev, who denounced his predecessor and initiated a de-Stalinisation process throughout Soviet society. Widely considered one of the 20th century's most significant figures, Stalin was the subject of a pervasive personality cult within the international Marxist-Leninist movement, for whom Stalin was a champion of socialism and the working class. Since the fall of the Soviet Union, Stalin has retained popularity in Russia and Georgia as a victorious wartime leader who established the Soviet Union as a major world power. Conversely, his autocratic government has been widely denounced for overseeing mass repressions, hundreds of thousands of executions and millions of non-combatant deaths through his policies.