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Pioneers Of Surgery Documentary TV Series DVD, MP4 Download, USB Drive

Pioneers Of Surgery Documentary TV Series DVD, MP4 Download, USB Drive
Pioneers Of Surgery Documentary TV Series DVD, MP4 Download, USB Drive
Item# pioneers-of-surgery-dvd-set-4-episode-tv-series-2-dis42
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The Improbable History And Fantastic Development Of The Surgical Art In A Four Part Four Hour TV Documentary Series, Presented In The Highest DVD Quality MPG Video Format Of 9.1 MBPS In An Archival Quality 2 Disc All Regions Format DVD Set, MP4 Video Download Or USB Flash Drive! (Color, 1988, Four Episodes Of 58 Minutes Each.). #Surgery #HistoryOfSurgery #Medicine #HistoryOfMedicine #Science #Health #HealthCare #HumanOrganTransplants #Surgeons #DVD #VideoDownload #MP4 #USBFlashDrive


Contents:


VOLUME ONE:

Epi. 1: The Brutal Craft

Epi. 2: Into The Heart


VOLUME TWO:

Epi. 3: New Organs For Old

Epi. 4: Beyond The Knife


Surgery: Modern Surgery: The discipline of surgery was put on a sound, scientific footing during the Age of Enlightenment in Europe. An important figure in this regard was the Scottish surgical scientist, John Hunter, generally regarded as the father of modern scientific surgery. He brought an empirical and experimental approach to the science and was renowned around Europe for the quality of his research and his written works. Hunter reconstructed surgical knowledge from scratch; refusing to rely on the testimonies of others, he conducted his own surgical experiments to determine the truth of the matter. To aid comparative analysis, he built up a collection of over 13,000 specimens of separate organ systems, from the simplest plants and animals to humans. He greatly advanced knowledge of venereal disease and introduced many new techniques of surgery, including new methods for repairing damage to the Achilles tendon and a more effective method for applying ligature of the arteries in case of an aneurysm. He was also one of the first to understand the importance of pathology, the danger of the spread of infection and how the problem of inflammation of the wound, bone lesions and even tuberculosis often undid any benefit that was gained from the intervention. He consequently adopted the position that all surgical procedures should be used only as a last resort. Other important 18th- and early 19th-century surgeons included Percival Pott (1713-1788) who described tuberculosis on the spine and first demonstrated that a cancer may be caused by an environmental carcinogen (he noticed a connection between chimney sweep's exposure to soot and their high incidence of scrotal cancer). Astley Paston Cooper (1768-1841) first performed a successful ligation of the abdominal aorta, and James Syme (1799-1870) pioneered the Symes Amputation for the ankle joint and successfully carried out the first hip disarticulation. Modern pain control through anesthesia was discovered in the mid-19th century. Before the advent of anesthesia, surgery was a traumatically painful procedure and surgeons were encouraged to be as swift as possible to minimize patient suffering. This also meant that operations were largely restricted to amputations and external growth removals. Beginning in the 1840s, surgery began to change dramatically in character with the discovery of effective and practical anaesthetic chemicals such as ether, first used by the American surgeon Crawford Long, and chloroform, discovered by Scottish obstetrician James Young Simpson and later pioneered by John Snow, physician to Queen Victoria. In addition to relieving patient suffering, anaesthesia allowed more intricate operations in the internal regions of the human body. In addition, the discovery of muscle relaxants such as curare allowed for safer applications.