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Oleg Penkovsky, The West's Highest-Ranking Sovet Spy, Who Supplied The West With Intelligence On Soviet Missiles That Enabled The West To Prevent World War III During The Cuban Missile Crisis Of 1962, One Of The Men Most Responsible - Some Would Say The Most Responsible - For Changing The Course Of The Cold War And Helping To Bring About The Fall Of The Soviet Union In The Long-Run, Hosted And Narrated By Jack Perkins In A Documentary Produced With The Assistance Of Both The CIA And The KGB, A Documentary That Ultimately Unearthed Facts About His Case That Neither The CIA Nor The KGB Knew Of Before, All Presented In The Highest DVD Quality MPG Video Format Of 9.1 MBPS As An MP4 Video Download Or Archival Quality All Regions Format DVD! (Color, 1991, 49 Minutes.)
Oleg Penkovsky (April 23, 1919 - May 16, 1963) was Russian colonel, Soviet military intelligence (GRU) officer during the late 1950s and early 1960s. He was the highest-ranking Soviet official to provide intelligence for the West up until that time, a spy codenamed HERO who informed the United States and the United Kingdom about Soviet military secrets, most importantly, the appearance and footprint of Soviet intermediate-range ballistic missile installations and the weakness of the Soviet intercontinental ballistic missile program. One of several individuals credited with altering the course of the Cold War, he was born Oleg Vladimirovich Penkovsky in Vladikavkaz, Mountainous Republic Of The Northern Caucasus (MRNC), an unrecognized state created during the Russian Civil War that existed from 1917 to 1922; the state was captured by Soviet Russian forces in 1921, who transformed it into the Mountain Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Mountain ASSR); it was ultimately obsorbed into the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (Russian SFSR, the modern Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (modern Russian SFSR)), residing on the northern border of modern Georgia. The information Penkovsky provided to the CIA and MI6 was decisive in allowing the US to recognize that the Soviets were placing missiles in Cuba before most of them were operational. It also gave US President John F. Kennedy, during the Cuban Missile Crisis that followed, valuable information about Soviet weakness that allowed him to face down Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev and resolve the crisis without a nuclear war. Penkovsky's activities were revealed to the Soviets by Jack Dunlap, a National Security Agency (NSA) employee and Soviet spy working for the KGB. Top KGB officers had known for more than a year that Penkovsky was a British agent, but they protected their source, a highly placed mole in MI6. Dunlap was just another source they had to protect. They worked hard, shadowing British diplomats, to build up a "discovery case" against Penkovsky so that they could arrest him without throwing suspicion on their own moles. Their caution in this matter may have led to the missiles being discovered earlier than the Soviets would have preferred. Penkovsky was arrested on October 22, 1962, immediately prior to President Kennedy's address to the US revealing that U-2 spy plane photographs had confirmed intelligence reports that the Soviets were installing medium-range nuclear missiles in Cuba. Penkovsky was tried for treason, and executed the following year. There are conflicting reports about the manner of his death. Alexander Zagvozdin, chief KGB interrogator for the investigation, stated that Penkovsky had been "questioned perhaps a hundred times" and that he had been shot and cremated. Noted Soviet sculptor Ernst Neizvestny said that he had been told by the director of the Donskoye Cemetery crematorium "how Penkovsky [had been] executed by 'fire". A similar description was later included in Ernest Volkman's popular history book about spies, Tom Clancy's novel Red Rabbit, and in Viktor Suvorov's book Aquarium. In a 2010 interview, Suvorov said that he'd been shown a film in which a man said to be Penkovsky was bound to a metal stretcher with wire and pushed live into a crematorium. Suvorov denied that the man in the film was Penkovsky and said that he had been shot. Greville Wynne, in his book The Man from Odessa, claimed that Penkovsky killed himself. Wynne had worked as both Penkovsky's contact and courier; both men were arrested by the Soviets in October 1962.