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Declassified U. S. Government Films Detailing How America Planned To Win A Nuclear War! *Presented In The Highest DVD Quality MPG Video Format Of 9.1 MBPS As An Archival Quality All Regions Format DVD, MP4 Video Download Or USB Flash Drive! #NuclearWarFilmsSeries #ProjectCannikin #AmchitkaProgram #ProjectPlowshare #NuclearWeaponsTestingFilms #NuclearWeaponsTesting #NuclearWeapons #AtomicWeapons #ThermonuclearWeapons #NuclearWar #AtomicWar #ThermonuclearWar #WeaponsTests #NuclearWeaponsTests #NuclearWeaponsTestsFilms #Abombs #AtomBombs #AtomBomb #AtomicBomb #AtomicBombs #HBombs #HydrogenBombs #Nukes #NuclearWarheads #NuclearBombs #Films #Movies #GovernmentInformationFilms #ClassifiedFilms #FormerlyClassifiedFilms #DVD #VideoDownload #MP4 #USBFlashDrive
VOLUME XIV: OPERATIONS CANNIKIN & PLOWSHARE
Atomics At War & Peace Underground
Project Cannikin (13:14)
The Atomic Energy Commission's 1971 series of underground tests conducted on Amchitka Island, Alaska, at 11:00 a.m., Bering Standard Time, on November 6, 1971. It's purpose: to test the design of the Spartan anti-ballistic missile, itself a high-yield nuclear warhead that produced sufficient x-rays and debris to prevent the blackout of ABM radar systems. It also resulted in the formation of a peace activist organization created to stop these tests which ultimately transformed itself into Greenpeace. This film pays particular attention to the overal planning and specific results of the project in a tone both executive and scholarly.
The Amchitka Program (24:16)
This film pays particular attention to Project Cannikin's organization and execution in a reassuring tone no doubt intended to calm the objections of those hostile to the project.
A 1973 film which looks back over the prior 12 some years of this project which endeavored to find peaceful uses of Atomic energy, particularly with regard to excavation, citing Micah 4:3 ("And he shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke many people: and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more").
Excavating With Nuclear Explosives (8:53)
1968 saw the creation of this film by the Atomic Energy commission with the purpose of selling government and industry the concept of nuclear excavation by way of recounting the progress of the project up to that point.
Cannikin was an underground nuclear weapons test performed on November 6, 1971, on Amchitka island, Alaska, by the United States Atomic Energy Commission. The experiment, part of the Operation Grommet nuclear test series, tested the unique W71 warhead design for the LIM-49 Spartan anti-ballistic missile. With an explosive yield of almost 5 megatons of TNT (21 PJ), the test was the largest underground explosion ever detonated by the United States. Prior to the main five-megaton test in 1971, a 1 Mt (4.2 PJ) test took place on the island on October 2, 1969, for calibration purposes, and to ensure the subsequent Cannikin test could be contained. This test, Milrow, was included in the Operation Mandrel nuclear test series. The Cannikin test faced considerable opposition on environmental grounds. The campaigning environmental organization Greenpeace grew out of efforts to oppose the test.
Project Plowshare was the overall United States program for the development of techniques to use nuclear explosives for peaceful construction purposes. As part of the program, 31 nuclear warheads were detonated in 27 separate tests. Plowshare was the US portion of what are called Peaceful Nuclear Explosions (PNE); a similar Soviet program was carried out under the name Nuclear Explosions for the National Economy. Successful demonstrations of non-combat uses for nuclear explosives include rock blasting, stimulation of tight gas, chemical element manufacture, unlocking some of the mysteries of the R-process of stellar nucleosynthesis and probing the composition of the Earth's deep crust, creating reflection seismology vibroseis data which has helped geologists and follow-on mining company prospecting. The project's uncharacteristically large and atmospherically vented Sedan nuclear test also led geologists to determine that Barringer crater was formed as a result of a meteor impact and not from a volcanic eruption, as had earlier been assumed. This became the first crater on Earth definitely proven to be from an impact event. Negative impacts from Project Plowshare's tests generated significant public opposition, which eventually led to the program's termination in 1977. These consequences included Tritiated water (projected to increase by CER Geonuclear Corporation to a level of 2% of the then-maximum level for drinking water) and the deposition of fallout from radioactive material being injected into the atmosphere before underground testing was mandated by treaty.
Nuclear Weapons Tests are experiments carried out to determine the effectiveness, yield, and explosive capability of nuclear weapons. Testing nuclear weapons offers practical information about how the weapons function, as well as how detonations are affected by different conditions; and how personnel, structures, and equipment are affected when subjected to nuclear explosions. However, nuclear testing has often been used as an indicator of scientific and military strength, and many tests have been overtly political in their intention; most nuclear weapons states publicly declared their nuclear status by means of a nuclear test. The first nuclear device was detonated as a test by the United States at the Trinity site in New Mexico on July 16, 1945, with a yield approximately equivalent to 20 kilotons of TNT. The first thermonuclear weapon technology test of an engineered device, codenamed "Ivy Mike", was tested at the Enewetak Atoll in the Marshall Islands on November 1, 1952 (local date), also by the United States. The largest nuclear weapon ever tested was the "Tsar Bomba" of the Soviet Union at Novaya Zemlya on October 30, 1961, with the largest yield ever seen, an estimated 50-58 megatons. In 1963, three (UK, US, Soviet Union) of the then four nuclear states and many non-nuclear states signed the Limited Test Ban Treaty, pledging to refrain from testing nuclear weapons in the atmosphere, underwater, or in outer space. The treaty permitted underground nuclear testing. France continued atmospheric testing until 1974, and China continued until 1980. Neither has signed the treaty. Underground tests in the Soviet Union continued until 1990, the United Kingdom until 1991, the United States until 1992 (its last nuclear test), and both China and France until 1996. In signing the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty in 1996, these states have pledged to discontinue all nuclear testing; the treaty has not yet entered into force because of failure to be ratified by eight countries. Non-signatories India and Pakistan last tested nuclear weapons in 1998. North Korea conducted nuclear tests in 2006, 2009, 2013, 2016, and 2017. As of May 20, 2021, the most recent confirmed nuclear test occurred in September 2017 in North Korea.