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The Life And History Of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, The Last Shah Of Iran, Explored In 2 Documentaries: 1) PORTRAITS OF POWER: MOHAMMAD REZA PAHLAVI: THE POLITICS OF OIL, An Episode Of The Venerable Broadcast Television Documentary Series Produced By The New York Times (Color, 1978, 23 Minutes), And 2) SPIES - DIPLOMACY: CIA STYLE, An Episode Of The Venerable Cable Television Documentary Series On Kermit Roosevelt's 1953 Iranian Coup That Brought The Shah To Power And The Shadow It Cast Over Later CIA Covert Operations (Color, 1994, 23 Minutes), Presented In The Highest DVD Quality MPG Video Format Of 9.1 MBPS As An MP4 Video Download Or Archival Quality All Regions Format DVD! #MohammadRezaPahlavi #TheShah #ShahOfIran #Shahanshah #IranianRevolution #PahlaviDynasty #HouseOfPahlavi #Aryans #MohammadMosaddegh #The1953IranianCoup #ConsortiumAgreementOf1954 #WhiteRevolution #ShahAndPeopleRevolution #RuhollahKhomeini #AyatollahKhomeini #Iran #Persia #AchaemenidEmpire #LastShah #ImperialStateOfIran #IranianHistory #HistoryOfIran #KermitRoosevelt #MP4 #VideoDownload #DVD
May 8, 2022: Updated And Upgraded: Updated With SPIES - DIPLOMACY: CIA STYLE, And Upgraded From A Standard Format DVD To An Archival Quality Dual Layer Format DVD!
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, last Shah of Iran, also known as Mohammad Reza Shah (October 26, 1919 - July 27, 1980) was born in Tehran, Iran, to Reza Shah Pahlavi, known as Reza Shah the Great or Reza Shah and founder of the Pahlavi Dynasty, and Shahbanu (Queen) Tadj ol-Molouk, the first queen in Iran after the Muslim conquest in the 7th century to have participated in public royal representation and played a major role in the kashf-e hijab (ban of the veil) in 1936. Their son Mohammad was the last King (Shah) of Iran from September 16, 1941 until his overthrow by the Iranian Revolution on February 11, 1979. Mohammad Reza Shah took the title Shahanshah ("King of Kings") on October 26, 1967. He was the second and last monarch of the House of Pahlavi. Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi held several other titles, including that of Aryamehr ("Light of the Aryans") and Bozorg Arteshtaran ("Commander-in-Chief"). His dream of what he referred to as a "Great Civilisation" in Iran led to a rapid industrial and military modernisation, as well as economic and social reforms. Mohammad Reza came to power during World War II after the 1941 Anglo-Soviet invasion codenamed Operation Countenance forced the abdication of his father, Reza Shah Pahlavi. During Mohammad Reza's reign, the British owned oil industry was briefly nationalised, under Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh, until a UK and US -backed coup deposed Mosaddegh and brought back foreign oil firms under the Consortium Agreement of 1954. Under Mohammad Reza's reign, Iran marked the anniversary of 2,500 years of continuous Persian monarchy since the founding of the Achaemenid Empire by Cyrus the Great - concurrent with this celebration, Mohammad Reza changed the benchmark of the Iranian calendar from the hegira to the beginning of the First Persian Empire, measured from Cyrus the Great's coronation. Mohammad Reza also introduced the White Revolution, a series of economic, social and political reforms with the proclaimed intention of transforming Iran into a global power and modernising the nation by nationalising certain industries and granting women suffrage. Mohammad Reza gradually lost support from the Shi'a clergy of Iran as well as the working class, particularly due to his strong policy of modernisation, lsecularity, conflict with the traditional class of wealthy merchants known as bazaaris, relations with Israel, and corruption issues surrounding himself and the royal family, and the ruling elite. Various additional controversial policies were enacted, including the banning of Communism and Marxism-Leninism including the Tudeh Party and a general suppression of political dissent by Iran's intelligence agency, SAVAK. According to official statistics, Iran had as many as 2,200 political prisoners in 1978, a number which multiplied rapidly as a result of the revolution. Several other factors contributed to strong opposition to the Shah amongst certain groups within Iran, the most significant of which were US and UK support for his regime, and clashes with leftists and Islamists. By 1979, political unrest had transformed into a revolution which, on January 17, forced him to leave Iran. Soon thereafter, the Iranian monarchy was formally abolished, and Iran was declared an Islamic republic led by Ruhollah Khomeini (known in the West as Ayatollah Khomeini). Facing likely execution should he return to Iran, he died in exile in Egypt, whose president, Anwar Sadat, had granted him asylum. Due to his status as the last Shah of Iran, he is often known as simply "The Shah".