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The Great Machito (Born Francisco Raúl Gutiérrez "Frank" Grillo), Master Latin Jazz Musician And Pioneer Of Afro-Cuban Jazz, Cubop And Salsa Music, In A Documentary Film By Carlo Ortiz Presented In The Highest DVD Quality MPG Video Format Of 9.1 MBPS As An Archival Quality All Regions Format DVD, MP4 Video Download Or USB Flash Drive! (Color, 1987, 49 Minutes) #Machito #LatinJazz #Jazz #AfroCubanJazz #Cubop #Salsa #LatinMusic #AfroCubans #MarioBauza #Music #AmericanMusic #DVD #MP4 #VideoDownload #USBFlashDrive
Machito, Cuban singer and maraca player, Latin jazz musician who helped refine Afro-Cuban jazz and create both Cubop and salsa music (1908-1984) was born Francisco Raul Gutierrez Grillo. Machito gave conflicting accounts of his birth. He sometimes said he was a native Cuban from Havana. Other accounts place his birth in Tampa, Florida, making him an American of Cuban ancestry. He may have been born in 1908 in the Jesús María district of Havana or in Tampa, 1909 in the Marianao Beach district of Havana or in Tampa, 1912 in Tampa or Havana, or even 1915 in Havana. Regardless of his place of birth, Machito was raised from an early age in the Jesús María district of Havana, where his foster sister Graciela, who would sing with Machito in their later careers, was born August 23, 1915. Known professionally as Machito, he formed the band the Afro-Cubans in New York City in 1940, and with Mario Bauza as musical director, brought together Cuban rhythms and big band arrangements in one group. He made numerous recordings from the 1940s to the 1980s, many with Graciela as singer. Machito changed to a smaller ensemble format in 1975, touring Europe extensively. He brought his son and daughter into the band, and received a Grammy Award in 1983, one year before he died of a stroke before a concert in London, England, collapsing while waiting to go on stage at Ronnie Scott's club four days prior. Machito's music had an effect on the lives of many musicians who played in the Afro-Cubans over the years, and on those who were attracted to Latin jazz after hearing him. George Shearing, Dizzy Gillespie, Charlie Parker and Stan Kenton credited Machito as an influence. An intersection in East Harlem is named "Machito Square" in his honor.