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The Cultural Life Of Western High Society During Its Grandest Twilight Days, Narrated By The Distinguished American Actor Douglas Fairbanks, Jr., Presented In The Highest DVD Quality MPG Video Format Of 9.1 MBPS As An Archival Quality All Regions Format DVD, MP4 Video Download Or USB Flash Drive! (Color, 1983, 48 Minutes.) #LaBelleEpoque #BelleEpoque #LaBelleEpoch #BelleEpoch #FinDeSiecle #Culture #HighSociety #WesternCulture #WesternCivilization #WesternTradition #StoryOfCivilization #DVD #VideoDownload #MP4 #USBFlashDrive
The Belle Epoque or La Belle Epoque (French, "Beautiful Epoch") was a period of European and Western history conventionally dated from the end of the Franco-Prussian War in 1871 to the outbreak of World War I in 1914. Occurring during the era of the French Third Republic (which began in 1870), it was a period characterised by: optimism; regional peace; economic prosperity; an apex of colonial empires; and technological, scientific, and cultural innovations. In this era of France's cultural and artistic climate (particularly within Paris) the arts markedly flourished; with numerous masterpieces of literature, music, theatre, and visual art gaining extensive recognition. The Belle Epoque was so named in retrospect, when it began to be considered a "Golden Age" in contrast to the horrors of World War I. The Belle Epoque was a period in which, according to historian R.R. Palmer: "European civilisation achieved its greatest power in global politics, and also exerted its maximum influence upon peoples outside Europe." In the United Kingdom, the Belle Epoque overlapped with the late Victorian era and the Edwardian era in a period known as Pax Britannica. In Germany, it coincided with the reigns of William I, Frederick III and the Wilhelminism of Wilhelm II. In Italy, with the reigns of Victor Emmanuel II, Umberto I, and the early reign of Victor Emmanuel III. In Spain, with the period known as the Restoration, during the reigns of Alfonso XII and Alfonso XIII. In Portugal, the era known as the Fontismo coincided with part of the Belle Epoque. In Romania, with the reign of Carol I; and in Greece, with the reign of George I. In Russia, the Belle Epoque coincided with the reigns of Alexander III and Nicholas II. In Denmark, with the reigns of Christian IX and Frederick VIII; and in Sweden and Norway, with the reign of Oscar II. In The Netherlands, with the reigns of William III and Queen Wilhelmina. In Belgium, with the reign of Leopold II and early reign of Albert I. In Austria-Hungary, with the reign of Franz Joseph I; and in Serbia, the reign of Peter I. In Switzerland, the Belle Epoque coincided with the beginnings of the Swiss federal state. In North America, and specifically Canada (home to the predominantly French-speaking province of Quebec), the Belle Epoque coincided with the beginnings of the Canadian Confederation. In the United States, emerging from the Panic of 1873; the comparable period of US history is the Gilded Age (1870s-1900s). In Oceania, the Belle Epoque coincided with the period known as the Australian Gold Rush in Australia; which remained part of the British Empire until 1901. At a time in which the Belle Epoque was yet to arise in Europe, with the Franco-Prussian War on the cusp of transpiring in early 1870; the Paraguayan War reached a conclusion for the Empire of Brazil, as part of a three-way alliance against Paraguay. In Mexico, the Belle Epoque largely coincided with the Porfiriato period, in Argentina during the period known as "Conservative Republic" with the domination of the National Autonomist Party. In Turkey, with the reigns of Abdulaziz and Murad V. In Thailand, with the reign of Chulalongkorn. In Korea, with the reign of the Emperor Gojong; and in China, the Belle Epoque played out concomitantly to the four final decades of the last imperial dynasty in Chinese history: the Qing dynasty. In Japan, the Belle Epoque almost exclusively coincided with the Meiji era; the Meiji Restoration occurring roughly three years prior to the commencement of France's Belle Epoque.