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The Extraordinary 6,000 Man Terracotta Army Commissioned To Guard The Tomb Of China's First Emperor, Qin Shi Huang, Which Was Itself Entombed And Lost To History For Over 2,000 Years, Are Resurrected And Restored For Exhibition To Commemorate The 10th Anniversary Of Australia's Recognition Of The People's Republic Of China (Color, 1982, 45 Minutes) PLUS BONUS TITLE: SHAOLIN: MASTERS OF KU FUNG, The History Of The Originating Masters Of China's Great Martial Arts Fighting Style(Color, 1994, 24 Minutes) -- All Presented In The Highest DVD Quality MPG Video Format Of 9.1 MBPS As An MP4 Video Download Or Archival Quality All Regions Format DVD!
* June 6, 2023: Updated And Upgraded: Updated With SHAOLIN: MASTERS OF KU FUNG, And Upgraded From A Standard Format DVD To An Archival Quality Dual Layer Format DVD!
On March 29, 1974, Chinese peasant farmers - Yang Zhifa, his five brothers, and neighbour Wang Puzhi - were digging a well about a mile east of Mount Li in Lintong County outside the city of Xi'an, inside Shaanxi province in central China, when they accidentlally discover the world's largest funerary pit complex ever discovered. Contained within were the Terracotta Army, a collection of terracotta sculptures depicting the armies of China's first emperor, Qin Shi Huang, funerary art buried with the emperor in 210-209 BCE with the purpose of protecting him in his afterlife. The figures vary in height according to their roles, the tallest being the generals. The figures include warriors, chariots and horses. Estimates from 2007 were that the three pits containing the Terracotta Army held more than 8,000 soldiers, 130 chariots with 520 horses, and 150 cavalry horses, the majority of which remained buried in the pits near Qin Shi Huang's mausoleum. Other terracotta non-military figures were found in other pits, including officials, acrobats, strongmen, and musicians. For centuries, occasional reports had mentioned findings of pieces of terracotta figures and fragments of the Qin necropolis - roofing tiles, bricks and chunks of masonry - but the funerary pit complex was lost to history until this discovery, which prompted Chinese archaeologists, including Zhao Kangmin, to investigate,] revealing this largest pottery figurine group ever found. Since its discovery, a museum complex has been constructed over the complex, with the largest pit being enclosed by a roofed structure.
Qin Shi Huang (259-210 BC) was the founder of the Qin dynasty and the first emperor of a unified China. Rather than maintain the title of "king" (wang _) borne by the previous Shang and Zhou rulers, he ruled China from 221 to 210 BC as the first "emperor" (Huang Di) of the Qin dynasty. His self-invented title "emperor" would continue to be borne by Chinese rulers for the next two millennia. Born in the Zhao state capital Handan, as Ying Zheng or Zhao Zheng, his parents were King Zhuangxiang of Qin and Lady Zhao. The wealthy merchant Lu Buwei assisted him in succeeding his father as the ruler of Qin, after which he became Zheng, King of Qin. By the age of 38 in 221 BC, he had conquered all the other Warring States and unified all of China, and he ascended the throne as China's first emperor. During his reign, his generals greatly expanded the size of the Chinese state: campaigns south of Chu permanently added the Yue lands of Hunan and Guangdong to the Chinese cultural orbit, and campaigns in Inner Asia conquered the Ordos Loop from the nomadic Xiongnu, although the Xiongnu later rallied under Modu Chanyu. Qin Shi Huang also worked with his minister Li Si to enact major economic and political reforms aimed at the standardization of the diverse practices of the earlier Chinese states. He is traditionally said to have banned and burned many books and executed scholars. His public works projects included the incorporation of diverse state walls into a single Great Wall of China and a massive new national road system, as well as his city-sized mausoleum guarded by a life-sized Terracotta Army. He ruled until his death in 210_BC, during his fifth tour of Eastern China. Historically, Qin Shi Huang was often portrayed as a tyrannical ruler and strict Legalist, in part from the Han dynasty's scathing assessments of him. Since the mid 20th-century, scholars have begun to question this evaluation, inciting considerable discussion on the actual nature of his policies and reforms. Regardless, according to the sinologist Michael Loewe "few would contest the view that the achievements of his reign have exercised a paramount influence on the whole of China's subsequent history, marking the start of an epoch that closed in 1911".
Shaolin Monastery (Chinese: Shaolinsi), also known as Shaolin Temple, is a renowned monastic institution recognized as the birthplace of Chan Buddhism and the cradle of Shaolin Kung Fu. It is located at the foot of Wuru Peak of the Songshan mountain range in Dengfeng County, Henan Province, China. The name reflects its location in the ancient grove (Lin) of Mount Shaoshi, in the hinterland of the Songshan mountains. Mount Song occupied a prominent position among Chinese sacred mountains as early as the 1st century BC, when it was proclaimed one of the Five Holy Peaks (Wuyue). It is located some 48 km (30 mi) southeast of Luoyang, the former capital of the Northern Wei Dynasty (386-534), and 72 km (45 mi) southwest of Zhengzhou, the modern capital of Henan Province. As the first Shaolin abbot, Batuo devoted himself to translating Buddhist scriptures and to preaching doctrines to hundreds of his followers. According to legend, Bodhidharma, the 28th patriarch of Mahayana Buddhism in India, arrived at the Shaolin Temple in 527. He spent nine years meditating in a cave of the Wuru Peak and initiated the Chinese Chan tradition at the Shaolin Temple. Thereafter, Bodhidharma was honored as the first patriarch of Chan Buddhism. The Temple's historical architectural complex, standing out for its great aesthetic value and its profound cultural connotations, has been inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Apart from its contribution to the development of Chinese Buddhism, as well as for its historical, cultural, and artistic heritage, the temple is famous for its martial arts tradition. Shaolin monks have been devoted to research, creation, and continuous development and perfecting of Shaolin kung fu. The main pillars of Shaolin culture are Chan Buddhism, martial arts, Buddhist art, and traditional Chinese medicine . This cultural heritage, still constituting the daily temple life, is representative of Chinese civilization. A large number of celebrities, political figures, eminent monks, Buddhist disciples, and many other people, come to the temple to visit, make pilgrimages, and hold cultural exchanges. In addition, owing to the work of official Shaolin overseas cultural centers and foreign disciples, Shaolin culture has spread around the world as a distinctive symbol of Chinese culture and a means of foreign cultural exchange.
Shaolin Kung Fu (Chinese: Shaolin Gongfu), also called Shaolin Wushu (Shaolin Wushu), or Shaolin Quan (Shaolinquan), is one of the oldest, largest, and most famous styles of wushu, or kung fu of Chan Buddhism. It combines Ch'an philosophy and martial arts and originated and was developed in the Shaolin Temple in Henan province, Greater China during its 1500-year history. Popular sayings in Chinese folklore related to this practice include "All martial arts under heaven originated from Shaolin" and "Shaolin kung fu is the best under heaven," indicating the influence of Shaolin kung fu among martial arts. The name Shaolin is also used as a brand for the so-called external styles of kung fu. Many styles in southern and northern China use the name Shaolin.
Chan (Chinese: Chan; abbreviation of Channa), from Sanskrit dhyana (meaning "meditation" or "meditative state"), is a Chinese school of Mahayana Buddhism. It developed in China from the 6th century CE onwards, becoming especially popular during the Tang and Song dynasties. Chan is the originating tradition of Zen Buddhism (the Japanese pronunciation of the same character, which is the most commonly used English name for the school). Chan Buddhism spread from China south to Vietnam as Thien and north to Korea as Seon, and, in the 13th century, east to Japan as Japanese Zen.