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Eamon de Valera, American-Born Irish Politician And War Leader, Sinn Fein Commander In The 1916 Easter Rising, Leader In The War Of Independence From Great Britain And Of The Anti-Partition-Treaty Opposition In The Ensuing Irish Civil War (1922-1923), Founder Of Fianna Fail And Head Of The Government (President Of The Executive Council, later Taoiseach) From 1932 To 1948, 1951 To 1954, And 1957 To 1959, And Leader Of The Introduction Of The Constitution Of Ireland, And Opponent Of The Irish Republican Army After Full Independence Was Achieved In The South, Presented In The Highest DVD Quality MPG Video Format Of 9.1 MBPS As An Archival Quality All Regions Format DVD, MP4 Video Download Or USB Flash Drive! (Black And White, 1958, 23 Minutes.) #EamonDeValera #FiannaFail #PresidentOfIreland #Taoiseach #EasterRisingOf1916 #EasterRising #IrishCivilWar #IrishWarOfIndependence #AngloIrishWar #AngloIrishTreaty #EasterRebellion #IrishRevolutionaryPeriod #IrishUprisings #IrishRepublicanism #PhysicalForceIrishRepublicanism #IrishNationalism #SinnFein #IrishRepublicanBrotherhood #Ireland #RepublicOfIreland #IrishHistory #HistoryOfIreland #DVD #VideoDownload #MP4 #USBFlashDrive
Eamon de Valera, Irish soldier, statesman and political leader, 3rd President of Ireland (October 14, 1882: d. 1975) was born at the Nursery and Child's Hospital, Lexington Avenue, a home for destitute orphans and abandoned children in New York City, the son of Catherine Coll, who was originally from Bruree, County Limerick, and Juan Vivion de Valera, described on the birth certificate as a Spanish artist born in 1853 in the Basque Country, Spain. His parents were reportedly married on September 18 1881 at St Patrick's Church in Jersey City, New Jersey, but archivists have not located any marriage certificate or any birth, baptismal, or death certificate information for anyone called Juan Vivion de Valera (nor for "de Valeros", an alternative spelling). On de Valera's original birth certificate, his name is given as George de Valero and his father is listed as Vivion de Valero. Although he was known as Edward de Valera before 1901, a fresh birth certificate was issued in 1910, in which his first name was officially changed to Edward and his father's surname given as "de Valera". His political career spanned over half a century, from 1917 to 1973; he served several terms as head of government and head of state. He also led the introduction of the Constitution of Ireland. Prior to de Valera's political career, he was a Commandant at Boland's Mill during the 1916 Easter Rising, an Irish revolution that eventually contributed to Irish independence. He was arrested, sentenced to death but released for a variety of reasons, including the public response to the British execution of Rising leaders. He returned to Ireland after being jailed in England and became one of the leading political figures of the War of Independence. After the signing of the Anglo-Irish Treaty, de Valera served as the political leader of Anti-Treaty Sinn Fein until 1926, when he, along with many supporters, left the party to set up Fianna Fail, a new political party which abandoned the policy of abstentionism from Dail Eireann. From there, de Valera went on to be at the forefront of Irish politics until the turn of the 1960s. He took over as President of the Executive Council from W. T. Cosgrave and later Taoiseach, with the passing of Bunreacht Na hEireann (Irish constitution) in 1937. He served as Taoiseach on 3 occasions; from 1937 to 1948, from 1951 to 1954 and finally from 1957 to 1959. He remains the longest serving Taoiseach by total days served in the post. He resigned in 1959 upon his election as President of Ireland. By then, he had been Leader of Fianna Fail for 33 years, and he, along with older founding members, began to take a less prominent role relative to newer ministers such as Jack Lynch, Charles Haughey and Neil Blaney. He would serve as President from 1959 to 1973, two full terms in office. De Valera's political beliefs evolved from militant Irish republicanism to strong social, cultural and economic conservatism. He has been characterised by a stern, unbending, devious demeanour. His roles in the Civil War have also portrayed him as a divisive figure in Irish history. Biographer Tim Pat Coogan sees his time in power as being characterised by economic and cultural stagnation, while Diarmaid Ferriter argues that the stereotype of de Valera as an austere, cold and even backward figure was largely manufactured in the 1960s and is misguided.