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Ruby Dee Narrates This Journey Through The First Forty Years Of African-American Television Shows And Roles -- Amos 'n' Andy, The Beaulah Show, The Nat King Cole Show, East Side West Side, Julia, I Spy, All In The Family, Good Times, Sanford And Son, The Jeffersons, What's Happening, Roots, The Cosby Show, Frank's Place And More -- With Commentary By Esther Rolle, Henry Louis Gates, Patricia A. Turner, Herman Gray, David Wolper, Sheldon Leonard, Hal Kantner, Alvin Poussaint, Bob Henry, Diahann Carroll, Tim Reid, Steve Bochco, Daphne Maxwell Reid, Denise Nicholas, Norman Lear And More -- Directed By Marlon Riggs, Presented In The Highest DVD Quality MPG Video Format Of 9.1 MBPS As An Archival Quality All Regions Format DVD, MP4 Video Download Or USB Flash Drive! (1991, Color, 1 Hour 28 Minutes.). #RepresentationOfAfricanAmericansInMedia #RepresentationOfAfricanAmericansOnTelevision #RepresentationOfAfricanAmericansOnTV #Blacks #AmericanBlacks #AfricanAmericans #TV #Television #TVShows #TelevisionShows #RoleModels #EthnicStereoptypes #Stereotypes #BlackStereotypes #AfricanStereotypes #AfricanAmericanStereotypes #DVD #VideoDownload #MP4 #USBFlashDrive
The Representation Of African Americans In Media - speech, writing, still or moving pictures - has been a major concern in mainstream American culture and a component of media bias in the United States. Such media representation is not always seen in a positive light and propagates controversial and misconstrued images of what African Americans represent. "Research on the portrayal of African Americans in prime-time television from 1955 to 1986 found that only 6 percent of the characters were African-Americans, while 89 percent of the TV population was white." Since local news media is a primary source of information for many people, it plays a vital role in policy debates regarding civil rights, the public's general knowledge of minority communities, as well as a broader and more comprehensive worldview. The debate of ownership diversity affecting content diversity also contributes to the idea that in order for African Americans to be well represented in the media, there needs to be African-American ownership in the media. The portrayals of African Americans in movies and television shows in America reinforce negative stereotypes. Professor Narissra M. Punyanunt-Carter, from the department of Communications Studies at Texas Tech, found many facts in her research paper, The Perceived Realism of African American Portrayals on Television, "After reviewing numerous television shows, Seggar and Wheeler (1973) found that African Americans on these programs were generally depicted in service or blue-collar occupations, such as a house cleaner or a postal worker". This is in contrast to their white counter-parts who are business executives and business owners. "In contrast to White characters, research indicates that African Americans have lower socioeconomic status (SES) roles on television than Anglo Americans" (Segger & Wheeler, 1973). She also found that "the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights (1977) found that African American television portrayals typically depicted the following stereotypic personality characteristics: inferior, stupid, comical, immoral, and dishonest". Seeing negative images on television, and film of African Americans can be seen as a covert propaganda that transitively affects the subconscious mind, and negatively shapes the psychology of the observer. Carter also echoed this by illustrating what she found in another research study. She said, "Fujioka's study illustrated that when firsthand knowledge is not present, television images have a huge effect on viewers' perceptions. In addition, this study found cultural differences in responses to positive images of Blacks among Japanese and American students. American students tended to be more influenced by negative messages of Blacks than Japanese students Fujioka's research affirmed that affective assessments of television portrayals of African Americans are highly related to the development of stereotypes"(pp244). All the negative imagery goes back to the Antebellum Era (before the fall of slavery) 1793-1861.