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The Incredible Story Of The Cane Toad's Importation From Hawaii To Australia, And How They Have Become A Dominant Species In Australian Nature And Culture, For Better Or Worse, Presented In The Highest DVD Quality MPG Video Format Of 9.1 MBPS As An Archival Quality All Regions Format DVD, MP4 Video Download Or USB Flash Drive! (Color, 1988, 46 Minutes.)
They were imported from Hawaii To Australia in 1935 to eat and thereby control the population of sugar cane beetles that were blighting the national Australian sugar crop. They ate alright - everything except the sugar cane beetles these cane toads were brought to Australia to eat. Reproducing like mad, fearless of humans, docile when handled but exuding a potentially lethal poison from their skin when endangered, moving into peoples homes with or without the home owner's permission, and eating everything from cat food to ping pong balls, they have become throughout much of Australia, invasive species or not, a part of life - welcomed and loved by some Australians, hunted and hated by others. Some even smoke them and get high from them, and they risk jail time in doing so! The improbable, even impossible story of the ubiquitous cane toads is here told in a manner amusing, informative, provocative, alarming and entertaining!
The highly poisonous Cane Toad (Rhinella marina), the world's largest true toad, also known as the giant neotropical toad or marine toad, is native to South and mainland Central America, but it has been introduced to various islands throughout Oceania and the Caribbean, as well as Northern Australia. It is a member of the genus Rhinella, which includes many true toad species found throughout Central and South America, but it was formerly assigned to the genus Bufo. The cane toad is an old species. A fossil toad (specimen UCMP 41159) from the La Venta fauna of the late Miocene in Colombia is indistinguishable from modern cane toads from northern South America. It was discovered in a floodplain deposit, which suggests the R. marina habitat preferences have long been for open areas. The cane toad is a prolific breeder; females lay single-clump spawns with thousands of eggs. Its reproductive success is partly because of opportunistic feeding: it has a diet, unusual among anurans, of both dead and living matter. Adults average 10-15 cm (4-6 in) in length; the largest recorded specimen had a snout-vent length of 24 cm (9.4 in). The cane toad has poison glands, and the tadpoles are highly toxic to most animals if ingested. Its toxic skin can kill many animals, both wild and domesticated, and cane toads are particularly dangerous to dogs. Because of its voracious appetite, the cane toad has been introduced to many regions of the Pacific and the Caribbean islands as a method of agricultural pest control. The common name of the species is derived from its use against the cane beetle (Dermolepida albohirtum), which damages sugar cane. The cane toad is now considered a pest and an invasive species in many of its introduced regions. The 1988 film Cane Toads: An Unnatural History documented the trials and tribulations of the introduction of cane toads in Australia.