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The Personal And Circus Histories Of Phineas Taylor "P. T." Barnum, Best Remembered For Promoting Celebrated Hoaxes And For Founding Barnum & Bailey Circus (Color, 1992, 57 Minutes) PLUS TWO BONUS OLD TIME RADIO TITLES: 1) THE LONE RANGER: P. T. Barnum Goes West (Audio Recording Video, September 9, 1953, 25 Minutes), And 2) HAVE GUN, WILL TRAVEL: So True, Mr. Barnum (Audio Recording Video, April 10, 1960, 25 Minutes) -- All Presented In The Highest DVD Quality MPG Video Format Of 9.1 MBPS As An MP4 Video Download Or Archival Quality All Regions Format DVD!
*July 20, 2023: Updated With 1) THE LONE RANGER: P. T. Barnum Goes West, And 2) HAVE GUN, WILL TRAVEL: So True, Mr. Barnum, And Upgraded From A Standard Format DVD To An Archival Quality Dual Layer Format DVD!
P. T. Barnum, American showman, author, publisher, philanthropist, politician and businessman remembered for promoting celebrated hoaxes and for founding the Barnum and Bailey Circus (July 5, 1810 - April 7, 1891) was born Phineas Taylor Barnum in Bethel, Connecticut. P. T. Barnum said of himself, "I am a showman by profession...and all the gilding shall make nothing else of me," and his personal aim was "to put money in his own coffers." Barnum is widely, but erroneously, credited with coining the phrase "There's a sucker born every minute." Barnum became a small-business owner in his early twenties and founded a weekly newspaper, before moving to New York City in 1834. He embarked on an entertainment career, first with a variety troupe called "Barnum's Grand Scientific and Musical Theater", and soon after by purchasing Scudder's American Museum, which he renamed after himself. Barnum used the museum as a platform to promote hoaxes and human curiosities such as the Feejee mermaid and General Tom Thumb. In 1850 he promoted the American tour of singer Jenny Lind, paying her an unprecedented 1K USD a night for 150 nights. After economic reversals due to bad investments in the 1850s, and years of litigation and public humiliation, he used a lecture tour, mostly as a temperance speaker, to emerge from debt. His museum added America's first aquarium and expanded the wax-figure department. While in New York, he converted to Universalism and was a member of the Church of the Divine Paternity, now the Fourth Universalist Society in the City of New York. Barnum served two terms in the Connecticut legislature in 1865 as a Republican for Fairfield. With the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution over slavery and African-American suffrage, Barnum spoke before the legislature and said, "A human soul, 'that God has created and Christ died for,' is not to be trifled with. It may tenant the body of a Chinaman, a Turk, an Arab, or a Hottentot - it is still an immortal spirit". Elected in 1875 as Mayor of Bridgeport, Connecticut, he worked to improve the water supply, bring gas lighting to streets, and enforce liquor and prostitution laws. Barnum was instrumental in starting Bridgeport Hospital, founded in 1878, and was its first president. The circus business was the source of much of his enduring fame. He established "P. T. Barnum's Grand Traveling Museum, Menagerie, Caravan and Hippodrome," a traveling circus, menagerie and museum of "freaks", which adopted many names over the years. Barnum died of a stroke on April 7, 1891 aged 80 at his home residence in 1891, and was buried in Mountain Grove Cemetery, Bridgeport, which he designed himself.
Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus: Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus, also known as the Ringling Bros. Circus, Barnum & Bailey Circus, Ringling Bros., Barnum & Bailey or simply Ringling was an American traveling circus company billed as The Greatest Show on Earth. It and its predecessor shows ran from 1871 to 2017. Known as Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Combined Shows, the circus started in 1919 when the Barnum & Bailey's Greatest Show on Earth, a circus created by P. T. Barnum and James Anthony Bailey, was merged with the Ringling Bros. World's Greatest Shows. The Ringling brothers had purchased Barnum & Bailey Ltd. following Bailey's death in 1906, but ran the circuses separately until they were merged in 1919. After 1957, the circus no longer exhibited under its own portable "big top" tents, instead using permanent venues such as sports stadiums and arenas. In 1967, Irvin Feld and his brother Israel, along with Houston Judge Roy Hofheinz, bought the circus from the Ringling family. In 1971, the Felds and Hofheinz sold the circus to Mattel, buying it back from the toy company in 1981. Since the death of Irvin Feld in 1984, the circus had been a part of Feld Entertainment, an international entertainment firm headed by his son Kenneth Feld, with its headquarters in Ellenton, Florida. With weakening attendance, many animal rights protests, and high operating costs, the circus performed its final show on May 21, 2017, at Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum and closed after 146 years.