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The History Of The American Revolutionary War (1775-1783), Also Known As The American War Of Independence And The Revolutionary War, That Brought About The Declaration Of independence Of The United States Of America! Four Enlightened Revolutionary Hours Packed Into Nine Documentary Titles, Presented In The Highest DVD Quality MPG Video Format Of 9.1 MBPS In An Archival Quality 2 Disc All Regions Format DVD Set, MP4 Video Download Or USB Flash Drive! #AmericanRevolutionaryWar #AmericanRevolution #USDeclarationOfIndependence #DeclarationOfIndependence #ContinentalCongress #ContinentalArmy #FourthOfJuly #IndependenceDay #PrivateYankeeDoodle #BattleOfLexingtonAndConcorde #BattleOfYorktown #BattleOfMonmouth #BostonMassacre #IncidentOnKingStreet #AmericanRevolution #GeorgeWashington #BenjaminFranklin #CrispusAttucks #AmericanHistory #USHistory #HistoryOfTheUS #WesternCulture #WesternCivilization #WesternTradition #StoryOfCivilization #DVD #VideoDownload #MP4 #USBFlashDrive
* 3/26/2020: Updated To Include "Destination Freedom: The Knock-Kneed Man (Crispus Attucks)!
THE WORLD; A TELEVISION HISTORY: EPI. XXII THE MAKING OF THE U.S. (Color, 1983, 24 Minutes.)
An episode from the acclaimed 1983 television series that chronicles world history based on the Times Atlas Of World History, intended for use by teachers int eh classroom.
THE WESTERN TRADITION: EPI. 37: THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION | EPI. 38: THE AMERICAN REPUBLIC (Color, 1989, 28 Minutes Each.)
Two episodes from the definitive 26 hour, 52 episode television history of western civilization that comprised U.C.L.A. Professor Eugen Weber's college telecourse.
DESTINATION FREEDOM: THE KNOCK-KNEED MAN (Audio Only, 1944, 30 Minutes))
Eminent announcer Hugh Downs hosts the premiere episode of Richard Durham's 1948-1950 radio series on the history of the African-American experience, featuring a dramatization of the Boston Massacre, and the story of the first man to die in the American Revolution, African American Crispus Attucks.
THE WORLD TURNED UPSIDE DOWN (Color, 1971, 43 Minutes.)
The Battle of Yorktown, which resulted in the victory of the fledgling United States over the British, is here recounted at length while revealing the personal character and courage of General Washington that lead to this decisive battle against the British. Recommended by the NEA.
THE BATTLE OF YORKTOWN (Color, 1981, 28 Minutes.)
A half hour documentary produced to commemorate the 200th anniversary of the battle, featuring the distinguished television documentary narrator Richard Kiley.
WHILE SOLDIERS FOUGHT: WAR AND AMERICAN SOCIETY - PRIVATE YANKEE DOODLE (Color, 1986, 28 Minutes.)
As the subtitle of this informative educational TV series installments says, this is "a dialogue on early American military life", which it achieves by investigating an authentic recreation of an active American military encampment staffed by reenactors to observe and analyze its contruction, defences, staffing and operations.
FORT MERCER: BATTLE AT RED BANK (Color, Approx. 1971, 5 Minutes. )
A segment from a larger documentary production by Martin Gable concentrating on the successful attempt by the Americans to prevent British supplies from reaching Philadelphia.
THE BATTLE OF MONMOUTH (Color, Approx. 1971, 6 Minutes. )
A segment from a larger documentary production by Martin Gable concentrating on the nearly disastrous but ultimately successful attempt by the Americans to prevent British forces lead by General Clinton from reaching New York City.
The American Revolutionary War (April 19, 1775 - September 3, 1783), also known as the Revolutionary War or the American War of Independence, was initiated by delegates from thirteen American colonies of British America in Congress against Great Britain over their objection to Parliament's taxation policies and lack of colonial representation. From their founding in the 1600s, the colonies were largely left to govern themselves. The cost of victory in the 1754 to 1763 French and Indian War and the 1756 to 1763 Seven Years' War left the British government deeply in debt; the colonies where the war was fought equipped and populated the British forces there, at the cost of millions of their own funds. The Stamp Act and Townshend Acts provoked colonial opposition and unrest, leading to the 1770 Boston Massacre and 1773 Boston Tea Party. When Parliament imposed the Intolerable Acts upon Massachusetts, twelve colonies sent delegates to the First Continental Congress to draft a Petition to the King and organize a boycott of British goods. Fighting broke out on April 19, 1775: the British army stationed at Boston was harassed by the Massachusetts militia at Lexington and Concord after destroying colonial Assembly powder stores. In June, the Second Continental Congress appointed George Washington to create a Continental Army and oversee the capture of Boston. The Patriots sent the Olive Branch Petition to the King and Parliament, both of whom rejected it. In response, they invaded British Quebec but were repulsed. In July 1776, Congress unanimously passed the Declaration of Independence. Hopes of a quick settlement were supported by American sympathizers within Parliament who opposed Lord North's "coercion policy" in the colonies. However, after the British were driven out of Boston the new British commander-in-chief, General Sir William Howe, launched a counter-offensive and captured New York City. After crossing the Delaware Washington engaged and routed Hessian forces at the Battle of Trenton and the British at the Battle of Princeton. After British General Burgoyne surrendered at the Battles of Saratoga in October 1777, Howe's 1777-1778 Philadelphia campaign captured that city. Washington retreated to Valley Forge during the winter of 1777-1778 where Prussian allied General von Steuben drilled the largely untrained Continental Army into an organized fighting unit. French Foreign Minister Vergennes saw the war as a way to create an America economically and militarily dependent on France, not Britain. Although talks on a formal alliance began in late 1776, they proceeded slowly until the Patriot victory at Saratoga in October 1777. Fears Congress might come to an early settlement with Britain resulted in France and the United States signing two treaties in February 1778. The first was a commercial treaty, the second a Treaty of Alliance; in return for a French guarantee of American independence, Congress agreed to join the war against Britain and defend the French West Indies. Although Spain refused to join the Franco-American alliance, in the 1779 Treaty of Aranjuez they agreed to support France in its global war with Britain, hoping to regain losses incurred in 1713. In other fronts in North America, Governor of Spanish Louisiana Bernardo Galvez routed British forces from Louisiana. The Spanish, along with American privateers supplied the 1779 American conquest of Western Quebec (later the US Northwest Territory). Galvez then expelled British forces from Mobile during the Battle of Fort Charlotte and the siege of Pensacola, cutting off British military aid to their American Indian allies in the interior southeast. Howe's replacement, General Sir Henry Clinton, then mounted a 1778 "Southern strategy" from Charleston. After capturing Savannah, defeats at the Battle of Kings Mountain and the Battle of Cowpens forced Cornwallis to retreat to Yorktown, where his army was besieged by an allied French and American force. An attempt to resupply the garrison was repulsed by the French navy at the Battle of the Chesapeake, and Cornwallis surrendered in October 1781. Although their war with France and Spain continued for another two years, Yorktown ended the British will to continue the war in North America. The North Ministry was replaced by Lord Rockingham, who accepted office on the basis George III agreed to American independence. Preliminary articles were signed in November 1782, and in April 1783 Congress accepted British terms; these included independence, evacuation of British troops, cession of territory up to the Mississippi River and navigation to the sea, as well as fishing rights in Newfoundland. On September 3, 1783, the Treaty of Paris was signed between Great Britain and the United States, then ratified the following spring.
The American Revolution was an ideological and political revolution which occurred in colonial North America between 1765 and 1783. The Americans in the Thirteen Colonies defeated the British in the American Revolutionary War, gaining independence from the British Crown and establishing the United States of America, the first modern constitutional liberal democracy. American colonists objected to being taxed by the British Parliament, a body in which they had no direct representation. Before the 1760s, Britain's American colonies had enjoyed a high level of autonomy in their internal affairs, which were governed by colonial legislatures. The passage of the Stamp Act of 1765, which imposed internal taxes on the colonies, led to colonial protest, and the meeting of representatives of several colonies in the Stamp Act Congress. Tensions relaxed with the British repeal of the Stamp Act, but flared again with the passage of the Townshend Acts in 1767. The British government deployed troops to Boston in 1768 to quell unrest, leading to the Boston Massacre in 1770. The British government repealed most of the Townshend duties in 1770, but retained the tax on tea in order to symbolically assert Parliament's right to tax the colonies. The burning of the Gaspee in Rhode Island in 1772, the passage of the Tea Act of 1773 and the Boston Tea Party in December 1773 led to a new escalation in tensions. The British responded by closing Boston Harbor and enacting a series of punitive laws which effectively rescinded Massachusetts Bay Colony's privileges of self-government. The other colonies rallied behind Massachusetts, and twelve of the thirteen colonies sent delegates in late 1774 to a "Continental Congress" to coordinate their resistance to Britain. Opponents of Britain were known as Patriots or Whigs, while colonists who retained their allegiance to the Crown were known as Loyalists or Tories. Open warfare erupted when British regulars sent to capture a cache of military supplies were confronted by local Patriot militia at Lexington and Concord on April 19, 1775. Patriot militia, joined by the newly formed Continental Army, then put British forces in Boston under siege. Each colony formed a Provincial Congress, which assumed power from the former colonial governments, suppressed Loyalism, and contributed to the Continental Army led by General George Washington. The Continental Congress declared King George III a tyrant who trampled the colonists' rights as Englishmen, and they declared the colonies free and independent states on July 2, 1776. The Patriot leadership professed the political philosophies of liberalism and republicanism to reject monarchy and aristocracy, and they proclaimed that all men are created equal. The Patriots unsuccessfully attempted to invade Quebec during the winter of 1775-76. The newly created Continental Army forced the British military out of Boston in March 1776, but the British captured New York City and its strategic harbor that summer, which they held for the duration of the war. The Royal Navy blockaded ports and captured other cities for brief periods, but they failed to destroy Washington's forces. The Continental Army captured a British army at the Battle of Saratoga in October 1777, and France then entered the war as an ally of the United States, transforming the war into a global conflict. Britain also attempted to hold the Southern states with the anticipated aid of Loyalists, and the war moved south. British general Charles Cornwallis captured an American army at Charleston, South Carolina in early 1780, but he failed to enlist enough volunteers from Loyalist civilians to take effective control of the territory. Finally, a combined American and French force captured Cornwallis' army at Yorktown in the fall of 1781, effectively ending the war. The Treaty of Paris was signed on September 3, 1783, formally ending the conflict and confirming the new nation's complete separation from the British Empire. The United States took possession of nearly all the territory east of the Mississippi River and south of the Great Lakes, with the British retaining control of northern Canada, and Spain taking Florida. Among the significant results of the Revolution were American independence and the end of British merchantilism in America, opening up worldwide trade for the United States - including with Britain. The Americans adopted the United States Constitution, establishing a strong national government which included an elected executive, a national judiciary, and an elected bicameral Congress representing states in the Senate and the population in the House of Representatives. Around 60,000 Loyalists migrated to other British territories, particularly to British North America (Canada), but the great majority remained in the United States.