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The Extraordinary Life And Achievements Of King Alexander III Of Macedon, Known In His Day As Alexander The Invicible And Ever Since As Alexander The Great, Widely Considered The Greatest Military Commander In History, And His Greatest Martial Victory, The Battle Of Issus, Fought Against King Darius III Of Persia At Odds Of Between Six And Ten To One And Changing The Course Of World History (Color, 1992, 46 Minutes), PLUS BONUS TITLE: ANCIENT WARRIORS: THE MACEDONIANS (Color, 1994, 24 Minutes), All Presented In The Highest DVD Quality MPG Video Format Of 9.1 MBPS As An Archival Quality All Regions Format DVD, MP4 Video Download Or USB Flash Drive! #AlexanderTheGreat #AlexanderIIIOfMacedon #AlexanderIIIOfMacedonia #Basileus #ArgeadDynasty #HouseOfArgos #GreatCommanders #Macedonia #AncientMacedonia #Macedon #AncientMacedon #MacedonianEmpire #AncientGreece #Aristotle #LeagueOfCorinth #HellenicLeague #Hellenic #HellenicPeriod #Hellenistic #HellenisticPeriod #GreekHistory #Persia #AncientPersia #PersianEmpire #FirstPersianEmpire #AchaemenidEmpire #WarsOfAlexanderTheGreat #Anatolia #AncientAnatolia #BattleOfIssus #Babylon #AncientBabylon #TransCulturalDiffusion #CulturalDiffusion #Syncretism #Alexandria #Alexandrias #CultureOfGreece #GreekCulture #CultureOfAncientGreece #AncientGreekCulture #DVD #GreatBattles #WesternCulture #WesternCivilization #WesternTradition #StoryOfCivilization #AncientRomanHistory #HistoryOfAncientRome #DVD #VideoDownload #MP4 #USBFlashDrive
* 7/11/21: Updated With ANCIENT WARRIORS: THE MACEDONIANS!
Alexander was a basileus (king) of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty. He was born in Pella in 356 BC and succeeded his father to the throne at the age of twenty. He spent most of his ruling years on an unprecedented military campaign through Asia and northeast Africa, and he created one of the largest empires of the ancient world by the age of thirty, stretching from Greece to northwestern India. He was undefeated in battle and is widely considered one of history's most successful military commanders. During his youth, Alexander was tutored by Aristotle until age 16. After Philip's assassination in 336 BC, he succeeded his father to the throne and inherited a strong kingdom and an experienced army. Alexander was awarded the generalship of Greece and used this authority to launch his father's pan-Hellenic project to lead the Greeks in the conquest of Persia. In 334 BC, he invaded the Achaemenid Empire (Persian Empire) and began a series of campaigns that lasted ten years. Following the conquest of Anatolia, Alexander broke the power of Persia in a series of decisive battles, most notably the battles of Issus and Gaugamela. He subsequently overthrew Persian King Darius III and conquered the Achaemenid Empire in its entirety. At that point, his empire stretched from the Adriatic Sea to the Indus River. He endeavored to reach the "ends of the world and the Great Outer Sea" and invaded India in 326 BC, winning an important victory over the Pauravas at the Battle of the Hydaspes. He eventually turned back at the demand of his homesick troops. Alexander died in Babylon in 323 BC, the city that he planned to establish as his capital, without executing a series of planned campaigns that would have begun with an invasion of Arabia. In the years following his death, a series of civil wars tore his empire apart, resulting in the establishment of several states ruled by the Diadochi, Alexander's surviving generals and heirs. Alexander's legacy includes the cultural diffusion and syncretism which his conquests engendered, such as Greco-Buddhism. He founded some twenty cities that bore his name, most notably Alexandria in Egypt. Alexander's settlement of Greek colonists and the resulting spread of Greek culture in the east resulted in a new Hellenistic civilization, aspects of which were still evident in the traditions of the Byzantine Empire in the mid-15th century AD and the presence of Greek speakers in central and far eastern Anatolia until the 1920s. Alexander became legendary as a classical hero in the mold of Achilles, and he features prominently in the history and mythic traditions of both Greek and non-Greek cultures. He became the measure against which military leaders compared themselves, and military academies throughout the world still teach his tactics. He is often ranked among the most influential people in history.
The Battle Of Issus (also Issos) occurred in southern Anatolia, on November 5, 333 BC between the Hellenic League led by Alexander the Great and the Achaemenid Empire, led by Darius III. It was the second great battle of Alexander's conquest of Asia, and the first encounter between Darius III and Alexander the Great. The battle resulted in the Macedonian troops soundly defeating the Persian forces who were thrown into full retreat. After the Hellenic League soundly defeated the Persian satraps of Asia Minor (led by Greek mercenary Memnon of Rhodes) at the Battle of the Granicus, Darius took personal command of his army. He gathered reinforcements and proceeded to lead his men in a surprise march behind the Hellenic advance, in order to cut off their line of supply. Alexander was forced to countermarch, and the stage was set for the battle near the mouth of the Pinarus River and the town of Issus.