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The Air War Conducted By The United States Against North Vietnam, And The American Pilot Prisoners Of War Of The Vietnam War, As Told By Mike Wallace With Help From John McCain, Presented In The Highest DVD Quality MPG Video Format Of 9.1 MBPS As An MP4 Video Download Or Archival Quality All Regions Format DVD! (Color, 1986, 45 Minutes.) #USAirWarDuringTheVietnamWar #USPrisonersOfWarDuringTheVietnamWar #MikeWallace #JohnMcCain #AirWarfareDuringTheVietnamWar #AirWarInVietnam #PrisonersOfWar #POWs #VietnamWar #SecondIndochinaWar #ResistanceWarAgainstAmerica #MP4 #VideoDownload #DVD
US Air War During The Vietnam War: The war fought in the air during the Vietnam War was decisively in favour of US forces. America's air power dwarfed North Vietnam's and, in theory, such dominance should have had a decisive say in the outcome of the Vietnam War. There were those in America who supported the idea of simply bombing North Vietnam to destroy the country - Curtis LeMay stated that the US should reduce North Vietnam to rubble. The 'hawks' in the White House would have been sympathetic to this. America's air power had three bases. There were US bases actually in South Vietnam such as the one at Danang. A variety of planes flew from US carriers based in waters off the shores of North Vietnam while the huge B-52 bombers flew from bases in Thailand and Pacific Islands such as Guam. At the start of the bombing campaign against the North, President Johnson wanted restraint and caution. He had gone into an open war with the North based on the aggression of the North Vietnamese government and he wanted the world to see that America held the higher moral ground. This would have been lost if there had been indiscriminate raids on the North which resulted in the loss of civilian life. As it became clear that the bombing of military targets was not stopping the North Vietnamese government from supplying the NLF, the number of targets that could be bombed was increased to include bridges, rail lines and other communication systems. Even this did not stop the North, and it was then that the US turned to saturation bombing using her fleets of B-52 bombers. These planes flew at a height whereby they were reasonably safe from attack. They carried a variety of bombs but the most common was high explosive. These bombs could leave a crater thirty feet across and deep. If anyone was out in the open while a bombing raid took place, the shock wave of these bombs would knock an individual senseless if they were less than 1 kilometre from an explosion. America's primary targets in the North were the cities of Hanoi and Haiphong. Both were heavily defended and while B-52 bombers were reasonably safe as they flew so high, lower flying bombers or fighter-bombers were less safe. Between 1965 and 1968 over 1,400 US warplanes were shot down over North Vietnam with many of these aircraft were involved in raids on either Hanoi or Haiphong. The North Vietnamese had Russian-supplied Mig-17 and Mig-21PF fighters. However, most damage was done by anti-aircraft guns on ground level. Russian SAM's (surface-to-air missiles) were less effective due to the counter-measures on board US planes that allowed the US pilots to evade them. To provide the civilian population with some form of protection, the North Vietnamese government built thousands of small air raid shelters (many just big enough for one person) in Hanoi. As with the example of London during the Blitz in World War Two, the more America bombed the North, the greater the resolve of the people. (Source: The Air War in Vietnam by C N Trueman https://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/vietnam-war/the-air-war-in-vietnam )
U.S. Prisoners Of War During The Vietnam War: Members of the United States armed forces were held as prisoners of war (POWs) in significant numbers during the Vietnam War from 1964 to 1973. Unlike U.S. service members captured in World War II and the Korean War, who were mostly enlisted troops, the overwhelming majority of Vietnam-era POWs were officers, most of them Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps airmen; a relatively small number of Army enlisted personnel were also captured, as well as one enlisted Navy seaman, Petty Officer Doug Hegdahl, who fell overboard from a naval vessel. Most U.S. prisoners were captured and held in North Vietnam by the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN); a much smaller number were captured in the south and held by the Viet Cong (VC). A handful of U.S. civilians were also held captive during the war. Thirteen prisons and prison camps were used to house U.S. prisoners in North Vietnam, the most widely known of which was Hoa Lo Prison (nicknamed the "Hanoi Hilton"). The treatment and ultimate fate of U.S. prisoners of war in Vietnam became a subject of widespread concern in the United States, and hundreds of thousands of Americans wore POW bracelets with the name and capture date of imprisoned U.S. service members. American POWs in North Vietnam were released in early 1973 as part of Operation Homecoming, the result of diplomatic negotiations concluding U.S. military involvement in Vietnam. On February 12, 1973, the first of 591 U.S. prisoners began to be repatriated, and return flights continued until late March. After Operation Homecoming, the U.S. still listed roughly 1,350 Americans as prisoners of war or missing in action and sought the return of roughly 1,200 Americans reported killed in action, but whose bodies were not recovered. These missing personnel would become the subject of the Vietnam War POW/MIA issue.