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The 1932 Face-Off In Washington, DC Between Two Armies:The US Army And The World War I Veterans Known As The Bonus Army, Narrated by Jason Robards And Presented In The Highest DVD Quality MPG Video Format Of 9.1 MBPS As An Archival Quality All Regions Format DVD, MP4 Video Download Or USB Flash Drive! (Color, 1991, 57 Minutes.) #AfterTheCrash #JasonRobards #BonusArmy #BonusMarch #BonusMarchers #BonusExpeditionaryForce #Veterans #WWIVeterans #WorldWarIVeterans #Washington #WashingtonDC #Hoovervilles #WashingtonDC #WorldWarAdjustedCompensationAct #WilliamDMitchell #DouglasMacArthur #DwightDEisenhower #GeorgeSPatton #GreatDepression #AmericanExpeditionaryForces #WWIVets #WWIVeterans #WorldWarI #WorldWarOne #WorldWar1 #WWI #WW1 #FirstWorldWar #FirstEuropeanWar #WarToEndAllWars #TheWarToEndAllWars #TheGreatWar #EuropeanCivilWar #AEF #Doughboys #AmericanHistory #USHistory #HistoryOfTheUS #WesternCulture #WesternCivilization #OccidentalCulture #WesternWorld #WesternSociety #WesternTradition #StoryOfCivilization #DVD #VideoDownload #MP4 #USBFlashDrive
1932: hard times. Thousands of men march to Washington to demand their veteran's bonus. Police and veterans clash; federal troops attack, destroying their camps and make-shift homes. It was war; the greatest concentration of fighting troops in Washington since 1865. The Third Cavalry from Fort Myer and the First Light Tank Regiment arrive, grim and relentless, to fight men whose belief in the American Dream had been shattered. After three years of hard times, the country seemed to be coming apart. Hungry Americans were losing faith in government, and other Americans feared what hungry Americans might do. This is the story of how people began marching from farms, plantations and the great industrial cities in the worst years of the time now called The Great Depression.
The Bonus Army was a group of 43,000 demonstrators - made up of 17,000 U.S. World War I veterans, together with their families and affiliated groups - who gathered in Washington, D.C. in mid-1932 to demand early cash redemption of their service certificates. Organizers called the demonstrators the "Bonus Expeditionary Force", to echo the name of World War I's American Expeditionary Forces, while the media referred to them as the "Bonus Army" or "Bonus Marchers". The demonstrators were led by Walter W. Waters, a former sergeant. Many of the war veterans had been out of work since the beginning of the Great Depression. The World War Adjusted Compensation Act of 1924 had awarded them bonuses in the form of certificates they could not redeem until 1945. Each certificate, issued to a qualified veteran soldier, bore a face value equal to the soldier's promised payment with compound interest. The principal demand of the Bonus Army was the immediate cash payment of their certificates. On July 28, 1932, U.S. Attorney General William D. Mitchell ordered the veterans removed from all government property. Washington police met with resistance, shot at the protestors, and two veterans were wounded and later died. President Herbert Hoover then ordered the U.S. Army to clear the marchers' campsite. Army Chief of Staff General Douglas MacArthur commanded a contingent of infantry and cavalry, supported by six tanks. The Bonus Army marchers with their wives and children were driven out, and their shelters and belongings burned. A second, smaller Bonus March in 1933 at the start of the Roosevelt administration was defused in May with an offer of jobs with the Civilian Conservation Corps at Fort Hunt, Virginia, which most of the group accepted. Those who chose not to work for the CCC by the May 22 deadline were given transportation home. In 1936, Congress overrode President Roosevelt's veto and paid the veterans their bonus nine years early.